Lancia Ypsilon – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

14 Jun 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Lancia Ypsilon – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lancia Ypsilon

The Lancia Ypsilon is a luxury supermini produced by Italian automaker Lancia since 1996. It is the replacement of the Y10. although it is larger and more expensive. Between 1995 and 2005 Lancia produced, in the Melfi (Potenza) factory, more than 870,000 Ypsilons. [ 1 ]

The third generation Ypsilon is sold as the Chrysler Ypsilon in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Japan.

1996–2000 [ edit ]

Lancia Y inside in Alcantara

Initially, the range was recognized by the initials: LE, LS and LX. A special edition Cosmopolitan edition was later added to the line-up. It was created through collaboration with the magazine and based on the Y and LX models for sale in the European market (Italy excluded). [ citation needed ]

Air conditioning was fitted as standard on the LX and was an option on the LS, which also offered more dashboard features (including a tachometer and larger display with outside temperature indicator). [ citation needed ]

The engines, part of the Fire series already used first in the Y10 in displacements of between 1,100 and 1,200 cc with 8-valves. The 1.4 Pratola Serra 12-valve 80PS adopted at that time also by the Fiat Bravo/Brava. [ 6 ] Given the limited success of this engine, after a short period of time (1 year or so) it was replaced by the first evolution of the multivalve with 1242 cc and multipoint injection, [ 7 ] with 86PS at 6000 rpm and max torque of 113 Nm at 4500 rpm.

This engine which debuted on this model is still among the best engines of this displacement, power and performance and is still available on the 2013 Ypsilon, 2013 Ka and the 500. With a unique control system of distribution: a toothed belt drives the camshaft of the exhaust valves, and from these, camshaft gear drives the intake valves.

In particular in the Red Elephant version (symbol of the historic sports cars Lancia HF), which is the sister car to the Punto Sporting, the end result was a shorter ratio gearbox, lowered suspension with bigger anti-roll bars and more direct power steering, it reached 177km/h top speed and was the only car in the range to have 15 wheels with 195/50 tires standard. For those who desired a more discreet and comfortable car the LX and LS were also available with this engine and were able to reach the same top speed as the Pratola Serra versions. The 1.2 8V was also available with an ECVT transmission.

It was never engineered with right-hand drive, as Lancia had pulled out of right-hand drive markets two years before the Ypsilon’s launch as a result of falling sales.

The Italian magazine Quattroruote to the car beyond its usual city use while test driving the Ypsilon 16V LX, among other things, praised the excellent, given the capacity, reserves of power from the engine in highway driving whilst having the same level of comfort of a car worthy of a higher category, making it a versatile car that is suitable for all types of trails. Lancia Ypsilon was also featured in Gran Turismo 2. The model was an immediate success both in the first two months were sold over 42,000 cars [ 8 ]

2000–2003 [ edit ]

2000 Lancia Y facelift

Aprilia Atlantic 500

In October 2000 the exterior and interior were restyled. The external changes include a new grille larger than the former, new bumpers, new taillights, new wheel cover designs, new fog lights, also the side mouldings of the car becomes much smoother and body coloured.

Inside, the most significant change is the headrests (instead of drilled solids) and new seats, new steering wheel (similar to that of the Lancia Lybra ), the material was no longer available with soft touch in contrast to the first series, as well as the loss of reflective security on doors and the climate control button replaced with a lever and a slight redesign of the instrument panel, more readable and modern, especially in the use of the LED display. The length of the car increased slightly from 3.72 metres to 3.74 metres.

The LX and Red Elephant versions which cost €15.060 list, [ clarification needed ] as in previous series were laden with standard equipment including driver and passenger airbags, air conditioning, ABS, power steering, Blaupunkt radio/navigation system with 6 speakers, split rear seat with headrests, the Alcantara interior similar to the pre-facelift but cheap and less refined, display for outdoor temperature, electrically operated door mirrors painted in body colour, the helm station and instrument panel were red instead of green like the other versions, central locking with remote control, power windows, the seat and the steering wheel were adjustable, leather interior with red stitching on the Red Elephant, fog lamps and alloy wheels with 185/60 R 14 tires for the LX and 195/50 R15 for the Red Elephant.

In the following years were marketed by the names of other special versions DoDo, [ 9 ] Vanity and Unica. 16v versions reduce their output of 6PS (4kW) due to new Euro 3 pollution standards by reducing emissions with a more linear delivery, while maintaining, and sometimes even increasing, consumption.

Lancia also reduced the engines power from 60PS on the 1242 cc, due to the addition of the sequential multipoint fuel injection system, but loses its power and drive of the same engine configuration and power Singlepoint Euro 2. because of reductions of CO2 that have to fall in Euro 3 limits of the directive.

It also removed from the price of the 55PS (40kW; 54hp) engine 1108, as it had not yet been adapted to the new Euro 3 directive. So the remaining versions to list only the 60PS (44kW; 59hp) 1.2 8v and 1.2 16v 80PS (59kW; 79hp). [ 10 ]

In September 2003, after nearly eight years of career and just over 800,000 products, [ 11 ] debuted its successor, the Lancia Ypsilon, since replaced by ‘the following year.

No RHD variant was produced, as Lancia had just ditched sales operations in RHD markets.

Aprilia Atlantic 500
Aprilia Atlantic 500

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