Australian Road Safety

3 Июн 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Australian Road Safety отключены
Big Bear Choppers Venom 100 EFI

Australian Roads

Australian are a lot safer today, compared to the In the period before this juncture in vehicle safety both vehicle technologies and were not … enough to vehicle safety seriously. the following:

Before the 70s

— No laws in place

— in bike design not a priority

Seatbelt regulations implemented

Improved road system and monitoring

— Strict of traffic rules, with on drunk driving

— data becomes source of for bike design

Because of awareness in the importance of making safer, the Australian Design came into being, sets design standards for emissions and safety. The rules, are updated periodically, specify like passenger cell and stiffness requirements, collapsible columns and padding on instrument and crumple zones, which the amount of crash energy to passengers when a vehicle with a solid object.

2. of regulation

It is no coincidence that the decrease in fatalities and serious injuries with the implementation of safety-oriented regulations in the mid-70s. Based on data, bike accident in Australia have been to compile the following statistics:

seatbelts reduced the risk of injury to front-seat occupants by 45 per and the risk of serious injury by 50 per

— a study in 2004 for the U.S estimates that a combination of (seat belts, airbags, steering wheels, improved locks fuel systems restraints) saved more 300,000 lives from to 2004

— as of December … rates per 100,000 on Australian roads were at compared to 10.1 in 2002

the years 2006-2010 saw South record an average annual of 3.7% in the number of fatalities over the same period, the average dropped 3.3%

the NSW RTA says that the rate of in road crashes per 100,000 in NSW has declined over the last decades from 28.9 in to 6.5 in 2009, despite a considerable in the number of motor vehicles on the

— using police and data from five states and New Zealand, researchers established that the average of Australian passenger vehicles was in 1991, with a continuous over the next fifteen to 3.3% in 2006

— estimate that if the safety of the fleet had not improved in the above there would have an additional 39,000 cases of occupants being seriously or … from 1991-2006, represents a 14.6% increase

this improved safety of the fleet is estimated to have 2,700 lives over the 1991-2006.

— for New Zealand, the crashworthiness was estimated at 7.5% in and 4.2% in 2006, which to an estimated reduction in serious or fatalities by approximately 12,600

3. Key present-day technologies

The list follows enumerates common technologies and their effectiveness in fatalities or serious injury in Except for top speed limiters, features are readily available on a range of passenger vehicles.

— front airbag 29% if seat occupant is also a seat belt

— airbag — 37% if w/ head 26% if for torso protection only

ABS brakes — 12% reduction in in wet roads

— energy-absorbing zones — up to 75% reduction in the that reaches the passengers

advanced seat belt — 42% fatality reduction

collapsible steering columns 12% reduction for fatalities and 38% for serious

— rollover resistance depending on the vehicle, can reduce risk by up to 40%

— rear-impact — designed in conjunction crumple zones

Car manufacturers to release new safety technologies every model release. of these are truly beneficial, others have marginal This is because safety has an important marketing tool, and manufacturers are obviously capitalizing on

Big Bear Choppers Venom 100 EFI
Big Bear Choppers Venom 100 EFI

A review of Used Car Safety will show the reader technologies truly benefit car to a significant degree.

4. Future

The Australian government is correct in ever-improving road safety even with continued in accident injuries and fatalities. is because in higher-income countries, traffic accidents are already the top ten leading causes of disease as measured in DALYs (disability-adjusted years).

In less developed road traffic accidents are one of the significant cause of injuries, as one of the most important causes of years of healthy life. to a World Health Organization/World report The Global Burden of deaths from non-communicable are expected to climb from million a year in 1990 to million by 2020. This an astounding 77% increase, wherein accidents are the main cause of rise.

Road traffic are expected to take third in the rank order of disease by the year 2020. The Draft Australian Road Safety 2020 is aiming to meet the of the National Road Safety 2011-2020 to reduce serious trauma by at least 30% during the

But safety devices do not offer a guarantee: drivers should be for monitoring the safety of their and their behaviour behind the It is recognized that teenage are the highest risk group, in of endangering themselves and others on the In a nationally representative online conducted in March 2010 of than 1000 teenagers between 12 and 18 years, the following emerged:

— about 10% of all teenagers have been in an accident

— 25% of the respondents in the admitted to having a car

— 49% that they would a car within the year

— driving, risk-taking behavior and cellphone use are the most significant factors that beset the population of drivers

— is not alone in having teenagers as the driving group; practically all share this sobering

This age group represents the generation of Australia’s drivers, and it is important to educate this now so that the gains in road will not be wasted. Despite slips in statistical reviews, remains one of the top countries with and ever-improving vehicle safety Only continued vigilance and will ensure that remains so well into the

References and further reading:

Vehicle ratings estimated from reported crash data: update. Australian and New Zealand during 1987-2008 —

Big Bear Choppers Venom 100 EFI
Big Bear Choppers Venom 100 EFI
Big Bear Choppers Venom 100 EFI


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