Superbike World Championship

20 мая 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Superbike World Championship отключены
Bimota SB8R Sport Bike

Superbike World Championship

Superbike World Championship (also known as SBK . World Superbike . WSB . or WSBK ) is the worldwide Superbike racing Championship. The championship was founded in 1988. The Superbike World Championship season consists of a series of rounds held on permanent racing facilities. Each round has two races and the results of each race are combined to determine two annual World Championships, one for riders and one for manufacturers .

The motorcycles that race in the championship are tuned versions of motorcycles available for sale to the public, by contrast with MotoGP where purpose built machines are used. MotoGP is the motorcycle world’s equivalent of Formula One. whereas Superbike racing is similar to touring car racing .

Europe is Superbike World Championship’s traditional centre and leading market. [ 1 ] However, rounds have been held in the United States. Malaysia. New Zealand. Canada. Japan. Australia. Russia. Qatar. and South Africa and the series plans on keeping extra-European circuits in rotation. An Indonesian race was also proposed for the 2008 season, but this was later canceled by the FIM. [ 2 ]

The championship is regulated by the FIM. the international governing body of motorcycle racing, and managed and promoted by FGSport. FGSport became part of the Infront Group in 2007 and in 2008 was rebranded as Infront Motor Sports. [ 3 ] As of 2013 the championship is organised by Dorna. [ 4 ]

Contents

History


The Superbike World Championship began in 1988. being open to modified versions of road bike models available to the public. For many years, the formula allowed for machines with 1,000cc V-twin engines (principally Ducati. but later Aprilia and Honda ) to go up against the 750cc four-cylinder engines (Honda. Yamaha. Kawasaki and Suzuki ). For the first few seasons Honda won with the RC30. but gradually the twins got the upper hand.

Using 1,000cc V-twin engines benefited Ducati and it was able to dominate the championship for many years.

Formula TT a racing class for motorcycles from 1977 to 1989 as the official World Cup under the umbrella of International Motorcycling Federation. Once the Superbike World Championship proved popular and commercially successful, it was decided to end the Formula TT at the end of the 1990 season.

From 1993 to 1999 Carl Fogarty and Ducati dominated, Fogarty won the title a record 4 times and finished as runner-up twice on factory Ducatis. Troy Corser also won the 1996 title and finished as runner-up in 1995, both times on a Ducati.

Carl Fogarty has won the Superbike World Championship a record 4 times with Ducati

Realizing that 1,000cc V-twin engines suited the superbike racing formula more, Honda introduced its own V-Twin powered motorcycle the VTR1000 SPW in 2000. The result was clear right away as Colin Edwards won the championship in the bike’s first year of competition. Ducati regained the title in 2001 with Troy Bayliss.

Colin Edwards again reclaimed the title in 2002 on the same VTR1000 SPW bike.

2002

Colin Edwards won his 2nd championship in what was arguably the most impressive comeback in the history of motorcycle racing. The season started with Troy Bayliss winning the first 6 races and by the end of race 1 at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca he had 14 wins and was leading the championship by 58 points.

Race 2 at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca was the start of Colin Edwards ‘ comeback, he went on to win all 9 remaining races and (aided by a race 2 crash for Bayliss at Assen ) Edwards won the championship at the final race of the season at Imola. The final race of the season saw both riders fighting wheel to wheel for the entire race. The race is known by fans as the Showdown at Imola.

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The manufacturer’s championship was won by Ducati. During these years the Superbike World Championship reached the zenith of its popularity, with global fan and full factory support. [ 5 ]

2003

In 2003 the FIM changed the rules to allow 1,000cc machines (either twins, triples or four-cylinder) to race. Rule changes in MotoGP to allow four-stroke engines meant that the Japanese manufacturers focused their resources there, leaving the Superbike World Championship with limited factory involvement [ 6 ] (only Ducati and Suzuki).

2003 also saw the entry of Carl Fogarty ’s Foggy Petronas FP1. The bike was developed under the previous regulations and was powered by a three cylinder 900cc engine. With most of the field running Ducati motorcycles, the championship received the derogatory title the Ducati Cup. [ 5 ] [ 7 ] The factory Ducati Team entered the only 2 Ducati 999’s in the field, taking 20 wins from 24 races in a season where all races were won by Ducati.

Neil Hodgson won the title on a factory Ducati.

2004

In an effort to create a more competitive field in 2004 organizers announced a series of changes to the championship. The most significant was that from 2004 the teams have had to run on Pirelli control or ‘spec’ tyres. The decision to award the control tyre to Pirelli was controversial.

The Pirelli tyres were considered to be below the standard of Dunlop and Michelin that most of the teams had been using. Dunlop looked to take legal action against the decision [ 8 ] while Pirelli claimed that Michelin and Dunlop were also asked if they would be interested in the one-make tyre rule contract. [ 9 ] Partly as a result of the control tyres, Motorcycle Sports Manufacturer Association (Aprilia, Ducati, Honda, Kawasaki, Suzuki and Yamaha) announced that no MSMA teams would participate in the Superbike World Championship, later modifying their statement allowing Ducati to participate. [ 5 ] [ 7 ]

A few privateers chose to run Japanese bikes in 2004. Ten Kate Honda with Chris Vermuelen as its rider, won races and actually contended for the title that eventually was won by James Toseland and Ducati.

Bimota SB8R Sport Bike
Bimota SB8R Sport Bike

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