BMW Fairings Accessories

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BMW R67/3

BMW Fairings Accessories

carbon Yamaha fz8, saddle saddlebag liners, air intake, 2006 kawasaki zx6r halo lights, yamaha r6

bike A sport bike, aka and sportsbike, is a motorcycle optimized for acceleration, braking, and cornering on roads, typically at the expense of and fuel economy by comparison more standard motorcycles. Honda wrote in the owner’s of the 1959 Honda CB92 Super Sport that, essentials of the motorcycle consists in the and the thrill, while Cycle Kevin Cameron says prosaically that, A sportbike is a whose enjoyment consists from its ability to perform on all of paved highway – its cornering its handling, its thrilling acceleration and power, even (dare I say its speed.

Motorcycles are versatile and may be put to uses as the rider sees In the past there were few if any types of motorcycles, but the number of and sub-types has proliferated, particularly in the since the 1950s. The introduction of the CB750 in 1969 marked a increase in the power and speed of and affordable sport bikes to the general public.

The ground inline four of the Honda This was followed in the 1970s by in suspension and braking commensurate the power of the large inline that had begun to dominate the bike world. In the 1980s bikes again took a ahead, becoming almost from racing motorcycles.

the 1990s sport bikes become more diverse, new variations like the … and streetfighter to the more familiar racing style of sport Design elements With the of a sport bike being on acceleration, braking, and maneuverability, are certain design elements most motorcycles of this will share. Rider favor function.

This means higher foot that move the legs to the body and more of a reach to a set of hand controls, such as on handlebars, which positions the and weight forward and over the Sport bikes have high-performance engines resting a lightweight frame. High and expensive materials are often on sport bikes to reduce

Braking systems combine performance brake pads and brakes with multi-piston that clamp onto vented rotors. Suspension are advanced in terms of adjustments and for increased stability and durability. and rear tires are larger and than tires found on types of motorcycles to allow cornering speeds and greater angles.

Fairings may or may not be used on a bike; when used, are shaped to reduce aerodynamic as much as possible and provide protection for the rider. The combination of position, location of the engine and heavy components, and the motorcycle’s help maintain structural and chassis rigidity, and determine how it behave under acceleration, and cornering.

Correct front-to-rear distribution is of particular importance to the of sport bikes, and the changing of the rider’s body dynamically the handling of the motorcycle. Because of the of modeling all the possible movements of sized riders, to approach tuning of a motorcycle’s weight and suspension is often only by having a bike customized or at adjusted to fit a specific rider.

road racing style bikes have shorter than those intended for comfortable touring, and the current in sport bike design is shorter wheelbases, giving turning at the expense of a greater for unintentional wheelies and stoppies hard acceleration and braking, Classes There is no universal defining the terminology of sport or any other motorcycle classes.

definitions are limited by local and race sanctioning bodies the American Motorcyclist Association and the F-d-ration Internationale de Motocyclisme set rules that only to those who choose to participate in competitions. Nonetheless, by present day in Europe, North America and the of the developed world, sport are usually divided into four, or five rough reflecting vaguely similar displacement, horsepower, price and use, with a good of subjective opinion and fudging for the of simplicity.

Marketing messages a model from the manufacturer can from the consensus of the motorcycling and the public. Sometimes the classes in motorcycle racing are approximated in models, often but not always in with homologation. The sport classes in common usage Lightweight, also called level, small or beginner

Some two strokes in this have dramatically higher than the four strokes, likened to miniature superbikes. bikes with engine of up to about 500 cc (31 cu in) are usually in this Middleweight, mid-sized, mid-level, or

Some of the models in this qualify for racing in the classes AMA Championship, British Supersport and the Supersport World Championship, but middleweights do not have a significant in racing. Displacements of 600–750 cc cu in) are typical. Superbike, liter-class, or i.e. 1,000 cc (61 cu in). As supersport, many of the models in class compete in superbike

Open class, hypersport or are terms sometimes used in of superbike as a catch-all for everything than middleweight. Alternatively, terms mark a class the superbikes for the largest displacement bikes with the highest top with weights somewhat than the superbike class. The supersport and superbike are sometimes indiscriminately to all high performance

Categorization by engine displacement is a crude measure, particularly comparing engines with numbers of cylinders like or V fours with parallel and V not to mention the greater power for a displacement of two-… engines four strokes. In the less world, smaller engine are the norm, and relative terms small, mid sized and large can have different meanings.

For in India in 2002 there about 37 million two-wheelers, but as of there were only 3,000 motorcycles, or fewer one in 12,000, of displacement 1,000 cc (61 cu in) or Similarly, the perception of relative has shifted over time in countries, from smaller to displacements.

When the original the Honda CB750, appeared in it was called a big four, while an inline four of 736.5 cc cu in) would be classed in the middle Besides having product that span from level through high end bikes, many manufacturers add to that line by having or several pairs, of similar bikes aimed at riders of levels. These are designed to to riders seeking more or extreme performance features.

The more expensive model be in the vein of a race replica, the latest technology updated frequent design revisions, the lower cost model relies on older technology, can a more relaxed riding and is generally more practical for racing tasks such as commuting and carrying passengers or and offering lower fuel, and maintenance costs. Examples of paired models are Buell’s and Lightning, Ducati’s 916/748 1198/848 paired series, CBR600RR and F4i middleweights and RC51 and liter-class, several different models in Kawasaki’s Ninja and Yamaha’s R6 and 600R.

Variations touring motorcycles share features of sport bikes, but are generally considered a class all own. These are mid- to motorcycles that offer carrying capacity, more ergonomics, and more versatility specialized sport bikes, being lighter and more than touring motorcycles.

sport bikes are marketed as replicas, implying that the sold to the public is identical to the one in racing, or at least is closer to the version than non-replica Suffixes R or RR applied to model can be interpreted as standing for replica or replica.

The term race can also be used to distinguish the of sport bike production Japan and Europe since the mid representing an evolution from the period that began in The sport bike, or race era began with the 1984 VF750F and the 1985 Suzuki and featured full fairings, but bikes with small or no have proliferated since the mid

These are called … or streetfighters, and they retain of the performance features of other bikes, but, besides bodywork, they give the a more upright posture, by for example, higher handlebars of clip ons. The streetfighter associated with motorcycle riding and perhaps hooliganism on roads, can imply higher than the sometimes more … bike, which in cases is a synonym for a standard

Others define … as equal in power and performance to bikes, merely absent the The same period that saw the and streetfighter variants of the sport theme also had a resurgence of the standard in response to demand for a of the Universal Japanese motorcycle.

street bikes, constructed a completely different set of priorities a road racing style bike, have also the mainstream, offering another for riders seeking a spirited experience. The nickname muscle has been applied to sport that give engine a disproportionate priority over handling or aerodynamics, harking to the Japanese superbikes of the 1970s.

A sensibility drives the so-called cruiser motorcycles, based on class machines but with numbers in league with Motorcycle fairing A motorcycle is a shell placed over the of some motorcycles, especially motorcycles and sport bikes, the primary purpose to reduce air

The secondary functions are the protection of the from airborne hazards and hypothermia and of the engine components in the of an accident. There may be a front as well as a rear fairing A motorcycle windshield may be an integral of the fairing.

The major benefit of a on sport touring and touring is a reduction in fuel consumption. The in aerodynamic drag allows for gearing, which in turn engine life. History The of streamlining was known very in the 20th century.

Some was seen on racing motorcycles as as the 1920s. The effects of aerodynamic on motorcycles are very significant. The fairing came into use in aerodynamics with regard to airflow over a juncture of where airflow was disrupted. streamlining was often unsuccessful in instability. Handlebar fairings, as those on Harley-Davidson Tourers, upset the balance of a motorcycle, wobble.

The first factory full fairing was that on the BMW R100RS introduced in 1976. marked the beginning of widespread of fairings on sports, and touring of motorcycles. Originally the fairings cowlings put around the front of the increasing its frontal area.

they had become an integral of the design. Modern fairings the frontal area at most by 5% to a … machine. Fairing may headlights, instruments, and other

If the fairing is mounted on the frame, equipment on the fairing reduces the and rotational inertia of the steering improving the handling. Types This is a full fairing as on land speed record The entire body of the motorcycle is to provide the lowest drag ratio attainable. The NSU Dolphin II II) is a streamliner.

Dustbin fairing: A streamlined shell covering the half of a motorcycle resembling the of an aircraft, sometimes referred to as fairing. It dramatically reduced the drag, but it was banned by F-d-ration de Motocyclisme (FIM) from in 1958, because it was thought the frontal point of wind made them highly even with small of yaw.

Other reasons for the ban were to ensure adequate range (lock-to-lock) and stability crosswinds. FIM regulations forbid beyond the wheel spindles and the rider’s arms and legs to be from the side. Dolphin It was called so because in early the front wheel mud guard with the rising windshield of the fairing resembled the dolphin’s from the side view.

had become the norm since the ban of the Full-fairing: Bodywork that both upper and lower of the motorcycle, as distinct from a fairing, which only has an section, and the lower half of the is exposed. The fairing on a race or bike is meant as an aerodynamic so the windscreen is rarely looked

If the rider is sitting up at speed he be buffeted by his rapid progress the air and act as a parachute, slowing the bike, if the rider lies flat on the behind the windscreen he generates less aerodynamic drag. The windscreen and handle-bar width of a fairing protect the upright from the worst of this, and the is functional.

Full fairings can provide protection to the engine and in the event of a crash where the rather than the engine and/or frame, slide on the Half-fairing: Fairing that a windscreen and fairing extending at below the handlebars, even as far as to the sides of the cylinder block, generally half-fairing doesn’t the sides of the crankcase or gear

A number of half-faired models aftermarket kits available to the original half-fairing into a fairing. Due to the popularity of these some manufacturers have to supply their own full-fairing kits and even offer half-faired models new with a kit fitted at the factory. Quarter A windscreen and minimal fairing around the headlight fixed to the clamp; also referred to as a fairing.

Belly pan: and half fairings are often with a belly pan below the for diverting air flow away under the engine to reduce lift, as well as cosmetic Some track day or racing require belly pans to leaked fluids. Materials butadiene styrene (ABS) is commonly used in original sport bikes and certain fairing manufacturers due to its strong, and light weight properties.

The of ABS over other plastics is it combines the strength and rigidity of and styrene with the toughness of rubber. The proportions of each vary based on the targeted There are two common methods of ABS plastic fairing: injection and Injection molds: ABS plastic is and injected into mold Constant pressure is applied to for material shrinkage.

The plastic cools and hardens in the mold. molds allows for uniform throughout the entire piece. It the most accurate end product fits well. Compression The plastic is generally preheated is into a heated metal cavity and pressure is applied to the plastic to contract and take the of the mold.

Heat and pressure is until the plastic cures the The excess plastic is cut away and from the mold. Disadvantages to mold include varying consistency and flashing, which is material attached to the molded that needs to be removed two or more parts of the mold

Fiberglass is made of woven and is used as a reinforcing agent for polymer products. The composite known as glass-reinforced plastic is normally referred to by the name of its material. Fiberglass fairings are used on the race track. In cases fiberglass is lighter, and durable than ABS Plastic.

fiberglass can be repaired by applying new of woven fiberglass cloth with a polymer such as over the damaged area sanding and finishing. Carbon-fiber-reinforced is the lightest, but most expensive, material. It is used on the most sport and racing motorcycle

Carbon Fiber Carbon alternatively graphite fiber, graphite or CF, is a material consisting of about 5–10 µm in diameter and mostly of carbon atoms. The atoms are bonded together in that are more or less parallel to the long axis of the The crystal alignment gives the high strength-to-volume ratio it strong for its size).

Several carbon fibers are bundled to form a tow, which may be by itself or woven into a The properties of carbon fibers, as high stiffness, high strength, low weight, high resistance, high temperature and low thermal expansion, make very popular in aerospace, engineering, military, and motorsports, with other competition

However, they are relatively when compared to similar such as glass fibers or fibers. Carbon fibers are combined with other to form a composite. When with a plastic resin and or molded it forms carbon reinforced plastic (often to as carbon fiber) which has a high strength-to-weight ratio, and is rigid although somewhat

However, carbon fibers are composed with other such as with graphite to carbon-carbon composites, which a very high heat History of carbon fiber In Roger Bacon created carbon fibers at the Union Parma Technical Center, now International Holdings, Inc. outside of Cleveland, Ohio. fibers were manufactured by strands of rayon until carbonized.

This process to be inefficient, as the resulting fibers only about 20% carbon and had low and stiffness properties. In the early a process was developed by Dr. Akio at Agency of Industrial Science and of Japan, using polyacrylonitrile as a raw material. This had produced a fiber that contained 55% carbon.

The high potential of carbon fiber was realized in in a process developed by W. Watt, L. N. and W. Johnson at the Royal Aircraft at Farnborough, Hampshire. The process was by the UK Ministry of Defence then by the National Research Development (NRDC) to three British Rolls-Royce, already making fiber, Morganite and Courtaulds.

were able to establish carbon fiber production within a few years, and Rolls-Royce advantage of the new material’s properties to into the American market its RB-211 aero-engine. Public arose over the ability of industry to make the best of breakthrough.

In 1969 a House of select committee inquiry carbon fiber prophetically How then is the nation to reap the benefit without it becoming yet British invention to be exploited successfully overseas? Ultimately, concern was justified. One by one the licensees out of carbon-fiber manufacture.

Rolls-Royce’s was in state-of-the-art aero-engine applications. Its own process was to enable it to be leader in the use of reinforced plastics. In-house would typically cease reliable commercial sources available. Unfortunately, Rolls-Royce the state-of-the-art too far, too quickly, in carbon fiber in the engine’s blades, which proved to damage from bird

What seemed a great technological triumph in 1968 became a disaster as Rolls-Royce’s schedule for the RB-211 was endangered. Rolls-Royce’s problems became so that the company was eventually by the British government in 1971 and the production plant was sold off to Bristol Composites.

Given the market for a very expensive of variable quality, Morganite decided that carbon-fiber was peripheral to its core business, Courtaulds as the only big UK manufacturer. The continued making carbon developing two main markets: and sports equipment. The speed of and the quality of the product were

Continuing collaboration with the at Farnborough proved helpful in the for higher quality, but, Courtaulds’s big advantage as manufacturer of the precursor now became a weakness. Low and ready availability were advantages, but the water-based inorganic used to produce Courtelle it susceptible to impurities that did not the organic process used by carbon-fiber manufacturers.

Nevertheless, during the 1980s continued to be a major supplier of fiber for the sports-goods market, Mitsubishi its main customer. But a to expand, including building a plant in California, turned out The investment did not generate the anticipated leading to a decision to pull out of the

Courtaulds ceased carbon-fiber in 1991, though ironically the one UK carbon-fiber manufacturer continued to making fiber based on precursor. Inverness-based RK Carbon Ltd has concentrated on producing carbon for industrial applications, and thus not need to compete at the quality reached by overseas manufacturers.

the 1970s, experimental work to alternative raw materials led to the introduction of fibers made from a pitch derived from oil These fibers contained 85% carbon and had excellent flexural Structure and properties Each filament thread is a bundle of thousand carbon filaments. A such filament is a thin with a diameter of 5–8 micrometers and almost exclusively of carbon.

The generation of carbon fibers T300, and AS4) had diameters of 7–8 Later fibers (e.g. have diameters that are 5 micrometers.

The atomic structure of fiber is similar to that of consisting of sheets of carbon (graphene sheets) arranged in a hexagonal pattern. The difference in the way these sheets interlock. is a crystalline material in which the are stacked parallel to one another in fashion.

The intermolecular forces the sheets are relatively weak Van der forces, giving graphite its and brittle characteristics. Depending the precursor to make the fiber, fiber may be turbostratic or graphitic, or a hybrid structure with graphitic and turbostratic parts In turbostratic carbon fiber the of carbon atoms are haphazardly or crumpled, together.

Carbon derived from Polyacrylonitrile are turbostratic, whereas carbon derived from mesophase are graphitic after heat at temperatures exceeding 2200 C. carbon fibers tend to high tensile strength, heat-treated mesophase-pitch-derived carbon have high Young’s (i.e. high stiffness or to extension under load) and thermal conductivity. Applications fiber is most notably to reinforce composite materials, the class of materials known as fiber or graphite reinforced

Non-polymer materials can also be as the matrix for carbon fibers. Due to the of metal carbides and corrosion carbon has seen limited in metal matrix composite Reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) of carbon fiber-reinforced graphite, and is structurally in high-temperature applications.

The also finds use in filtration of gases, as an electrode with surface area and impeccable resistance, and as an anti-static component. a thin layer of carbon significantly improves fire of polymers or thermoset composites a dense, compact layer of fibers efficiently reflects

The global demand on carbon composites was valued at roughly billion in 2009, which 8–10% from the previous It is expected to reach US$13.2 by 2012 and to increase to US$18.6 by 2015 with an annual rate of 7% or more. Strongest come from aircraft wind energy, as well as the industry.

Synthesis Each filament is produced from a polymer. The precursor polymer is rayon, polyacrylonitrile (PAN) or pitch. For synthetic polymers as rayon or PAN, the precursor is spun into filaments, chemical and mechanical processes to align the polymer atoms in a way to the final physical properties of the carbon fiber.

Precursor and mechanical processes used spinning may vary among After drawing or spinning, the fibers are then heated to off non-carbon atoms (carbonization), the final carbon fiber. The fibers may be further treated to handling qualities, then on to bobbins.

Wound bobbins are used to supply machines produce carbon fiber or yarn. A common method of involves heating the spun PAN to approximately 300 -C in air, which many of the hydrogen bonds and the material. The oxidized PAN is then into a furnace having an atmosphere of a gas such as argon, and to approximately 2000 -C, which graphitization of the material, changing the bond structure.

When in the correct conditions, these bond side-to-side (ladder forming narrow graphene which eventually merge to a single, columnar filament. The is usually 93–95% carbon. fiber can be manufactured using or rayon as the precursor instead of The carbon can become further as high modulus, or high carbon, by heat treatment

Carbon heated in the range of -C (carbonization) exhibits the highest strength (820,000 psi, MPa or N/mm-), while carbon heated from 2500 to -C (graphitizing) exhibits a higher of elasticity (77,000,000 psi or 531 GPa or 531 kN/mm-). Precursors for carbon fibers are (PAN), rayon and pitch.

fiber filament yarns are in several processing techniques: the uses are for prepregging, filament pultrusion, weaving, braiding, Carbon fiber yarn is by the linear density (weight per length, i.e. 1 g/1000 m = 1 or by number of filaments per yarn in thousands. For example, 200 tex for 3,000 of carbon fiber is three as strong as 1,000 carbon but is also three times as

This thread can then be to weave a carbon fiber fabric or cloth. The appearance of fabric generally depends on the density of the yarn and the weave Some commonly used of weave are twill, satin and

Carbon fibers can be also or braided.

BMW Motorrad

BMW Motorrad is the brand of the German company part of its Corporate and Brand division. The current General of the unit is Hendrik von Kuenheim. BMW has produced motorcycles since and revenues for 2009 were million from the sale of motorcycles, a drop on the 2008 of -1,230 million from the of 101,685 motorcycles.

In May 2011, the motorcycle produced by BMW Motorrad was a


The company began as an engine manufacturer in the early century and through World War I. BMW its first motorcycle in 1923, the which featured a flat-twin engine. BMW Motorrad still the flat-twin boxer configuration, but now motorcycles with a variety of configurations.

Current production

All BMW motorcycle production takes at its plant in Berlin, Germany, some engines are manufactured in China, and Taiwan. Most of the motorcycles in BMW Motorrad’s range designed by David Robb, who was the chief designer from to 2012.

BMW Motorrad produced 82,631 in 2009, compared with in 2008, a fall of 20.7% The popular model is the R1200GS and its R1200GS Adventure, which 24,467 units – accounting for 28% of annual production. Current includes a variety of shaft, and belt driven models, engines from 650 cc to 1,649 cc; and designed for off-road, dual-purpose, and touring activities.

BMW’s selling motorcycle, the R1200GSIn BMW introduced the DOHC Boxer HP2 and entered the serious off-road motorcycle market with the of the BMW G450X motorcycle.

BMW Motorrad are categorized into product and each family is assigned a letter prefix. The current are:

C series – Maxi-scooters Urban Mobility Vehicles by BMW

F – parallel-twin engines of 798 cc capacity, either chain or belt Models are F650GS, F800GS, F800S and F800ST.

G series – engines of 449 to 652 cc capacity featuring drive. Models are G450X discontinued), G650GS (available in markets), G650 Xmoto, Xchallenge and G650 Xcountry. The 450 cc are manufactured by Kymco in Taiwan.

The and 2010 650 cc engine parts manufactured Rotax in Austria, the engine being assembled by Holdings, Ltd in China.

R series – boxer engines of 1,170 cc featuring shaft drive. are R1200GS, R1200R, R1200RT and

K series – four-cylinder engines of to 1,649 cc capacity featuring drive. Models are K1200LT, K1300R and K1300S. In 2011, BMW launched the six-cylinder 1,649 cc and K1600GTL.

S1000RR – sport with transverse-mounted, 999 cc inline-four


BMW Motorrad regularly its motorcycles in the Dakar Rally, an car, truck, and motorcycle that runs from to Africa and has featured riders as Simon Pavey and motorcycling Charley Boorman. BMW Motorrad have won the Dakar Rally six

In 2007, BMW Motorrad announced its to the 2009 Superbike World season, where it is racing the BMW The 2009 season factory was known as Team Alpha BMW and Spanish rider Ruben and Australian rider Troy In the 2010 season, Xaus and were joined on the track by Reitwagen BMW riders Andrew and Roland Resch, also the S1000RR.

History of BMW motorcycles

motorcycle history began in when the company commenced engines for other companies. manufacturing now operates under the BMW brand. BMW (Bayerische Motoren AG) introduced the first motorcycle its name, the R32, in 1923.


Pre-1921BMW began in as a reorganization of Rapp Motorenwerke, an engine manufacturer that production before World War I. the Armistice, the Treaty of Versailles the German air force and the manufacture of in Germany, so the company turned to air brakes, industrial engines, machinery, toolboxes and office and then to motorcycles and cars.

– 1945

In 1921, BMW began of its M2B15 flat-twin engine. by Max Friz for use as a portable industrial the M2B15 was largely used by manufacturers, notably Victoria of and Bayerische Flugzeugwerke in their motorcycle. Friz was also on car engines.

BMW merged with Flugzeugwerke in 1922, inheriting them the Helios motorcycle and a two-… motorized bicycle the Flink. In 1923, BMW’s across the frame version of the engine was designed by Friz. The R32 had a 486 cc cubic inches) engine 8.5 hp (6.3 kW) and a top speed of 95 to 100 km/h (59 to 62

The engine and gearbox formed a single unit. At a time many motorcycle manufacturers total-loss oiling systems, the new BMW featured a recirculating wet sump system with a drip to roller bearings. This was used by BMW until 1969, they adopted the high-pressure oil based on shell bearings and clearances, still in use today.

The R32 the foundation for all future boxer-powered BMW BMW oriented the boxer engine the cylinder heads projecting out on side for cooling as did the earlier ABC. Other motorcycle including Douglas and Harley-Davidson, the cylinders with the frame, one facing towards the front and the other towards the back

The R32 also incorporated shaft BMW has continued to use shaft drive on its and did not produce a chain driven until the introduction of the F650 in

In 1937, Ernst Henne a supercharged 500 cc (31 cubic inches) camshaft BMW 173.88 mph (279.83 setting a world record stood for 14 years.

During War II the Wehrmacht needed as many as it could get of all types and many German companies were to build motorcycles. The R75, a of a Z-ndapp KS750, performed well in the harsh operating of the North African Campaign. of every style had performed well in Europe, but in the desert the cylinders of the flat-twin engine better than other which overheated in the sun, and drives performed better chain-drives which were by desert grit.

So successful the BMWs as war-machines that the Army asked Harley-Davidson, and Delco to produce a motorcycle to the side-valve BMW R71. Harley the BMW engine and transmission—simply converting measurements to inches—and produced the 750 cc (46 cubic inches) 1942 XA.


The end of World War II found BMW in Its plant outside of Munich was by Allied bombing. The Eisenach while badly damaged was not destroyed and tooling and machinery was stored nearby.

Contrary to accounts, the facility was not dismantled by the as reparations and sent back to the Union where it was reassembled in to make IMZ-Ural motorcycles; the IMZ was supplied to the Soviets by BMW under prior to the commencement of the Great War. After the war the terms of surrender forbade BMW from motorcycles. Most of BMW’s engineers were taken to the US and the Union to continue their on jet engines which BMW produced the war.

When the ban on the production of was lifted in Allied controlled Germany, BMW had to start from There were no plans, or schematic drawings because were all in Eisenach. Company had to use surviving pre-war motorcycles to the bikes.

The first post-war BMW motorcycle in Germany, a 250 cc R24, was produced in The R24 was based on the pre-war R23, and was the postwar West German BMW no rear suspension. In 1949, BMW 9,200 units and by 1950 surpassed 17,000 units.

BMW twins manufactured from to 1956 included the 500 cc models and 24 hp (18 kW) R51/3, the 600 cc models 26 hp (19 kW) R67, 28 hp (21 kW) and R67/3, and the sporting 35 hp (26 kW) 600 cc model All these models came plunger rear suspensions, front forks, and chromed, drive shafts. Except for the all these twins came bell-bottom front fenders and stands.

The situation was very in Soviet-controlled Eastern Germany BMW’s sole motorcycle in Eisenach was producing R35 and a handful of R75 for reparations. This resulted in one BMW plant existing in Eisenach 1945 and 1948 and two motorcycle existing between 1948 and

One was a BMW in Munich in Western Germany the German Federal Republic) and the in Soviet controlled Eisenach, Germany (later the German Republic), both using the BMW Eventually in 1952. after the ceded control of the plant to the German Government, and following a lawsuit, this plant was EMW (Eisenacher Motoren Werke). of BMW’s blue-and-white roundel, EMW a very similar red-and-white as its logo.

No motorcycles made in Germany after World War II manufactured under the authority of BMW in as there was no need for an occupying to gain such authority. BMW R35 were produced in Eisenach 1952, when they EMW.


As the 1950s motorcycle sales plummeted. In three of BMW’s major competitors went out of business. In BMW produced 30,000 motorcycles.

BMW R67/3
BMW R67/3

By that number was less 5,500.

In 1955, BMW began a new range of motorcycles with forks and enclosed drive These were the 26 hp (19 kW) 500 cc R50, the 30 hp (22 kW) 600 cc and the 35 hp (26 kW) sporting 600 cc R69.

On June 8, John Penton rode a BMW R69 New York to Los Angeles in 53 hours and 11 slashing over 24 hours the previous record of 77 hours and 53 set by Earl Robinson on a 45 cubic (740 cc) Harley-Davidson.

Although sales of BMW motorcycles were BMW was in financial trouble. Through the of selling off its aircraft engine and obtaining financing with the of Herbert Quandt, BMW was able to The turnaround was thanks in part to the success of BMW’s automotive Since the beginnings of its motorcycle BMW periodically introduced single-cylinder In 1967, BMW offered the last of the R27.

Most of BMW’s were still designed to be with sidecars. By this sidecars were no longer a of most riders; people interested in sportier motorcycles.

The 26 hp (19 kW) 30 hp (22 kW) R60/2, and 42 hp (31 kW) R69S marked the end of BMWs. Of this era, the remains the most desirable of the dubbed /2 (slash-two) series of significantly greater engine than other models, other features unique to design.

For the 1968 and 1969 years only, BMW exported the United States three US These were the R50US, the and the R69US. On these motorcycles, were no sidecar lugs to the frame and the front forks telescopic forks, which later used worldwide on the series of 1970 through

Earles-fork models were simultaneously in the United States as had their choice of front


In 1970, BMW introduced an revamped product line of 500 cc, 600 cc and 750 cc models, the R50/5, R60/5 and respectively and came with the US forks noted above. The were a complete redesign. The and ball-bearings in the bottom end had been by shell-type journal bearings to those used in modern car

The camshaft, which had been at the top of the was placed under the crankshaft, better ground clearance the cylinders while retaining the low of gravity of the flat-twin layout. The new had an electric starter, although the gearbox-mounted kick starter was The styling of the first models chrome-plated side panels and a tank. The /5 series was given a rear swingarm, resulting in a wheelbase.

This improved the and allowed a larger battery to be

The /5 models were short-lived, being replaced by another new line in 1974. In that the 500 cc model was deleted from the and an even bigger 900 cc model was along with improvements to the system and frame geometry. models were the R60/6, and the R90/6. In 1973 a supersport the BMW R90S, was introduced.

In 1975, the starter was finally eliminated.

BMW R100RTIn 1977, the product moved on to the /7 models. The R80/7 was to the line. The R90 (898 cc) models, /6 and models were replaced by versions with a new 1,000 cc; the R100/7, the R100S and the new super model the R100RS with a fairing. This sleek designed through wind-tunnel produced 70 hp (51 kW) and had a top speed of 200 km/h mph).

The R100RS had a shorter end ratio to overcome the higher resistance of the full fairing. period motorcycle tests in (Das Motorrad) indicated it was slightly slower than the with only 65 hp. In 1978, the was introduced into the lineup for the model year, as BMW’s full-dress tourer.

In 1979, the R60 was with the 650 cc R65, an entry-level with 48 hp (36 kW) that had its very own design. Due to its smaller size and geometrics, front and rear (460 mm) wheels and a very flywheel, was an incredibly well-handling that could easily up and even run away from its brothers when in proper on sinuous roads. BMW added a in 1982: the R65LS, a sportier with a one-fourth fairing, front disc brakes, suspension and different carburettors added 5 hp (4 kW).



BMW R1200C cruiser

BMW K1200RSIn early 1983, BMW a 987 cc, in-line four-cylinder, water-cooled to the European market, the K100. The K comes with a simplified and rear suspension, a single-sided (In 1985 the traditionally powered R80RT touring bike this monolever rear system and in 1987 the R100RT it).

In 1985, BMW introduced a 750 cc three-cylinder this one smoothed with first, a counterbalance shaft.

In BMW introduced an electrically adjustable on the K100LT.

In 1988, BMW introduced ABS on its ABS became standard on all BMW K models. In ABS was first introduced on BMW’s line on the R1100RS.

It has since available as an option on the rest of motorcycle range.

In 1989, BMW its version of a full-fairing sport the K1. It was based upon the K100 but now with four valves per Output was near 100 hp (75 kW).

In BMW ceased production of airhead engines and moved its boxer-engined completely over to the 4-valve system first introduced in

During this period, BMW a number of motorcycles including:

R (airheads) — R65GS, R100GS,

R Series (oilheads) R850R/GS/C, R1100R/RS/RT/GS/S, R1150R/RS/RT/GS/S,

F Series — F650 F650ST Strada, F650GS, Dakar, F650CS Scarver

K — K1, K100, K100RS, K75, K75C, K75S, K1100RS, K1100LT, K1200RS, K1200GT.

C1 enclosed scooter

The produced from 1997 to was BMW Motorcycles only entry the Cruiser market. At the other end of the lineup, the C1, produced from to 2002, was an enclosed scooter, the scooter to be offered for sale by

Since 2004

K series

On 25 2004, BMW globally launched a redesigned K Series motorcycle, the containing an all new in-line four-cylinder, engine featuring 123 kW (165 The K1200S was primarily designed as a Sport motorcycle, albeit and heavier than the closest competitors. Shortly after the of the K1200S, problems were with the new power plant to a recall until the beginning of when corrective changes put in place.

In the years after the of K1200S, BMW has also launched the … roadster, and the K1200GT tourer, which started to in dealer showrooms in spring 2006. All three new K-series are based on the new in-line four-cylinder with slightly varying of power. In 2007, BMW added the Sport, a semi-faired sport version of the K1200R.

In October BMW launched three new 1,300 cc models: the K1300R, K1300S and The K1300 models feature an in engine capacity of 136 cc, an increase in to 175 hp (130 kW), newly fairings and a new exhaust system.

In BMW launched two six-cylinder, 1,600 cc, and K1600GTL motorcycles, the former as a sport-tourer and the latter as a luxury model. The engine produces 160 hp kW) and 129 lb·ft (175 N·m). also offer adaptive traction control, ABS, pressure monitors, and a variety of systems.

R series

In 2004, with the opposed-twin-cylinder boxer were also revamped. The new displacement is 1,170 cc (71 cubic The engine is more powerful, and all of the that use it are lighter than predecessors.

The first motorcycle to be with this updated was the R1200GS dual-purpose motorcycle. The tourer and R1200ST sports followed shortly behind. BMW introduced the 175 kg (390 lb), 105 kW hp) HP2 Enduro, and the 223 kg (490 lb), 100 hp (75 kW) Adventure, each specifically the off-road and adventure-touring motorcycle respectively.

In 2007, the HP2 Enduro was by the road-biased HP2 Megamoto fitted smaller alloy wheels and tyres.

In 2006, BMW launched the and the R1200S, which is rated at 90 kW hp) @ 8,250 rpm.

F series

BMW has paid attention to the F Series in It lowered the price on the existing and F650GS Dakar, and eliminated the to make room in the lineup for the F800 Series. The new motorcycles are by a parallel twin engine, by Rotax.

They feature a belt drive system, to the belt drive found on the now F650CS, or chain drive. BMW launched two models of the new F800 the F800S sport bike and the sport tourer; these followed by F650GS and F800GS motorcycles, both of which use the 798 cc despite the different names.


In October 2006, following a change, BMW announced the G series of style motorcycles co-developed Aprilia. These were with an uprated single-cylinder 652 cc fuel-injected engine producing 53 hp (40 similar to the one fitted to the single-cylinder and equipped with chain Initially, there were models in the series, all produced for BMW by in their North Italian Plant, each focused on a different market:

G650X hard enduro featuring 21 front and 18 inch rear wheels

G650X country / adventure sports featuring 19 front and 17 inch rear wheels

G650X moto moto / supermoto featuring 17 cast alloy wheels.

The a hard-enduro was introduced in 2007, and in 2010.

At the end of 2010 BMW introduced the an extensively facelifted and reworked of the original F650GS.

HP2 Series

was the 175 kg (390 lb), 105 hp (78 kW) HP2 Enduro, by the road-biased HP2 Megamoto fitted smaller alloy wheels and tyres in 2007.

In April BMW announced its return to competitive racing, entering a factory with a Sport Boxer of the R1200S to four 24-hour races. In 2008 they this as the HP2 Sport.


The is a sport bike launched to in the 2009 Superbike World It is powered by a 999 cc (61 cu in) inline-four engine 193 bhp (144 kW).

BMW R67/3


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