BMW: Versailles Armistice Treaty

9 Apr 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on BMW: Versailles Armistice Treaty
BMW R37

BMW

BMW History

– BMW was forced to stop aircraft (engine) production in the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty

– The BMW logo is design in circular blue and write or roundel as the movement of an aircraft propeller, to signify the white blades cutting through the blue sky.

– The emblem gradually from the circular Rapp Motorenwerke company logo, by the BMW Company grew, combined with the white and blue colours of the flag of Bavaria.

– The first significant aircraft engine was the BMW III an inline-six liquid-cooled engine for the high-altitude performance.

– The automotive division of BMW was decided to carry on and to try to cash in on the current economy car boom enjoyed so successfully by some of Germany’s ex-aircraft manufacturers such as Messerschmitt and Heinkel.

– BMW is one of the greatest automobile manufacturers are mostly linked to models produced in the last two decades.

Timeline

1961-1920

– Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW) is founded on 7th March 1916 and joins with Otto-Werke.

– BMW obtain the BFW plant in 1922 but Bayeriche Motoren Werke continues to date its foundation with BFW.

– BMW has produced the first aircraft engine, the Type IIIa.

– “Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH” becomes BMW AG (The German term Aktiengesellschaft means a corporation that is limited by shares.

– The Allies deny German military to produce aircraft engines. Therefore, BMW turned to boat and truck engines and farming equipment.

– The tough business climate at the end of WW1 made Castiglioni to sell his holdings for 28 million Reichsmarks to the chief executive of Knorr Bremsen AG.

– BMW has started building other products and motorcycle engines.

1921-1930

– BMW’s first motorized bicycle is called Flink and sees the light in 1921

– The first BMW factory is built on Neulerchenfeldstrasse.

– They start to develop the “R32” motorcycle, which was the first BMW bike sold at an amount worth to mention.

– The first intercontinental flight to Persia powered by BMW engines.

– The R37 motorcycle outputs twice the power of its predecessor.

– BMW keeps a leading position in the aeronautical industry.

– BMW keeps the same pace and they break other world-flight records the next year in 1927

– In the year of 1928, it marks the beginning in terms of the BMW cars.

– BMW buy the car factory at Eisenach or Thuringia to build a small car called the Dixi 3/15.

– Ernst Henne riding a 750 cc BMW sets a new motorcycle record on 19th September 1929.

– BMW manages to sell very well its air-cooled radial engine thanks to its excellent power to weight ratio.

1932-1940

– A new car model from BMW is launched in 1932. It is called the 3/20PS.

– The introduction of the 303 saloon and the first BMW inline-six cylinder power unit, a configuration that will remain even to the contemporary BMW cars.

– BMW makes the air-cooled radial engine in 1934.

– The K12 is the first motorcycle with a hydraulically damped telescopic from wheel fork.

– BMW comes up with the amazing 328 roadster in 1936.

– The styling had the same signature, Peter Schimanowski, which meant that it looked stunning with two-tone paintwork.

– 1938 sees more motorsport wins for the 328 roadster.

– George Meier is the first foreigner to win the Isle of Man Senior TT in 1939 – the world’s toughest motorcycle competition of its day.

– BMW takes over the Brandenburgische Motorenwerke in Berlin-Spandau and factories in Basdorf and Zühlsdorf near Berlin.

1941-1950

– In the year 1941, all motorcycle production facilities and design documentation are transferred to Eisenach due to the war.

– The production of the BMW cars is stopped.

– The production of rocket engines begins in the Basdorf and Zühlsdorf plants in Berlin in 1942.

– BMW works simultaneously on the groundbreaking 109-003 jet engine, one of the first mass-production jet engines in the world, and on the largest ever aircraft piston engine, the BMW 803.

– BMW begins plans to rebuild its Munich production plant and they test rockets for the war effort in Basdorf and Zühlsdorf.

– BMW receives permission to start repairing US army automobiles in Allach. It can also make spare parts for farming machinery and bicycles.

– The first BMW bicycle with a lightweight aluminum frame comes to life.

– British car companies Arlington-Fraser-Nash and Bristol develop licensed models based on earlier BMWs.

– BMW is back again: presenting its first motorcycle since 1941 in New York.

– BMW is producing the first motorcycle with a Boxer engine; the 500 cc R51/2.

1951-1960

– The V8 equipped 501 luxury sedan produced in 1951 was a poor production choice for a country that was also devastated by the war.

– The first BMW automobile to be built completely in Munich.

– BMW produces the exceptionally fast BMW R68, capable of doing some 160 km/h in top gear.

– BMW’s 100,000th motorcycle, an R67/2, comes off the assembly line.

– The world’s first all-aluminium V8 engine goes into production in Munich in 1954.

– BMW is the World Motorcycle Sidecar Champion and stays so for the next twenty years.

– In 1955, BMW Isetta won the hearts of the public.

– The company obtains the licence to build the motocoupé from ISO in Italy.

– The 507 is probably the most widely recognized classic BMW of the 1950s.

– BMW that he could sell a high-performance sports car in large quantities if the company could deliver.

– The BMW 600 was intended as an enlarged Isetta three-wheeler with more power and a more conventional four-wheel configuration was designed by Willy Black.

– Ernst Hiller, riding a BMW, wins the Austrian Grand Prix.

– Financier Herbert Quandt acquires a large number of BMW shares and subsequently initiates the reorganization of the company, leading to its independence.

– It had the engine of the R67 motorcycle and was mounted in the rear. The styling of the 700 model was provided by the Italian Giovanni Michelotti.

– A racing version called the 700RS was also used mostly in German hill-climb and rally events.

1961-1970

– It’s the year when BMW launches the BMW 1500, developed by Hofmeister, Fiedler, Wolff and von Falkenhausen.

– It is the first BMW “sporty sedan” marking a turning point in the Bavarian company.

– Alexander von Falkenhausen, a motorcycle design engineer at BMW from the mid-Thirties on, founds the motorsport brand AFM after World War II.

– BMW 1800 comes as an evolution for the 1500 model.

– BMW 1600 used the 1500 engine and the 1800s pistons to produce 83bhp.

– BMW’s engine plant in Allach, founded in 1955, is sold.

– BMW buys the crisis-ridden Hans Glas GmbH with its factories in Dingolfing and Landshut.

– BMW decides to make a convertible version for the 1600 model.

– BMW launched its large New Six sedans, the 2500, 2800, and American Bavaria, and coupés, the 2.5 CS and 2800 CS.

– Car production needs more space in the Munich plant, so in 1969 BMW transfers motorcycle production to Spandau in Berlin.

– By the 1970’s BMW was a commercial success. Construction of a new HQ begins in Munich.

1971-1980

– BMW stuff moves into the new HQ. It is still in use today and became a true icon for BMW.

– Paul Bracq, head of design at BMW, is the creator of the Turbo prototype.

– The first BMW 5 Series (so-called because it was the fifth new series after the V-8 and Isetta era) model is presented. BMW builds a new factory in South Africa.

– BMW 2002 Turbo was one of the first mass-produced turbo in the world.

– The 3.0 CSL race cars were the first cars to be developed under BMW Motorsport GmbH.

– BMW launches the car that will gather the biggest sales in the years to come: the 3 Series.

BMW R37

– BMW launches a luxury coupé, the 6 Series, codename E24.

– With the 100 RS, BMW build the first motorcycle in the world with full fairing.

– A full-size luxury sedan comes in the body of the BMW 7 Series. The E23 was BMW’s replacement for the E3 2500-3.3Li.

– BMW competes in the Procar Series with Hans-Joachim Stuck and Niki Lauda driving the BMW M1.

– BMW is one of the pioneers in developing car’s electronics and computers.

– BMW it’s also successful in the motorbike off-road racing winning the toughest race in this field, the Paris to Dakar rally.

1981-1990


– The Bavarian carmaker is already a global player but they want to expand on other continents.

– The successor of the E21 model is the E30 3 Series.

– It’s time for the 5 Series to renew itself. The new one is called the E28 and had more engine choices but minor styling updates.

– BMW starts to incorporate diesel engines for cars in its range.

– The E28 receives new engines: the entry level 518i and the powerful M535i.

– BMW Technik GmbH is founded. Computers and robots revolutionize work in planning and production.

– BMW launches the phenomenal M5 at the Amsterdam Motor Show in February 1985.

– BMW gives birth to the M3, a car that will become an icon and an etalon in the sportcars market.

– Investment and care for research and development continues: the Research Development Center in Munich (FIZ) employs some 6,000 people.

– The E30 M3 wins the World Touring Car Championship.

– It’s time for the next 5 Series, the E34. It had a traditional straight six engine, providing the smooth engine and optimal weight distribution BMW customers had come to expect.

– BMW is the world’s first motorcycle manufacturer to use an electronic-hydraulic antilock braking system (ABS) for bikes.

– BMW aims at the luxury sport coupé market and launches the 8 Series.

– In November 1990 the 3 Series is renewed by the E36 model.

1991-2001

– New diesel engines are available for the 3 Series and the 5 Series.

– On 18th March 1991 the one millionth BMW motorcycle rolls off the factory production floor.

– BMW presents the new E36 3 Series coupé. It was available as 318is, 320i and 325i.

– The 3 Series E36 receives new body versions like the convertible and the compact.

– The convertible and the sedan versions of the E36 M3 model are revealed.

– The E36 3 Series receives the Touring version, the 4th body style after the sedan, coupé and convertible making it the most complete series from the BMW range.

– It is time for the E39 5 Series to receive the Touring version. New engines are available for the 5 Series: 535i and 540i.

– BMW introduces the company’s most powerful motorcycle to date, the four-cylinder liquid-cooled K1200 RS.

– Because the Z Series had only small 4cylinder engines a larger straight-6 2.8l engine is now available.

– BMW introduces the E39 M5 at the Geneva Motor Show.

– E39 M5 was not hand built at the BMW M GmbH factory.

– The next car that came out of the BMW’s plant in Spartanburg South Carolina was the E53 X5 SUV.

– BMW called it a SAV, Sports Activity Vehicle because the X5 had limited off-road capabilities but a sporty handling and feel very similar with one from a BMW sedan.

– BMW presents a successor for the famous 507. It is called the E52 Z8.

– Keeping up with the new millennium, BMW is the first manufacturer to develop a navigation system exclusively for motorcycles, fitting it into the K 1200 LT.

– BMW starts into the third millennium with history’s first dual-system drive cars. This hydrogen fleet can use both hydrogen and petrol.

– The Z8 is a roadster for connoisseurs: its unitary aluminium spaceframe, high-performance V8 engine and brilliant design serve to make this homage to the BMW 507 a firm favourite without further ado.

– BMW chairman of the board, Prof. Joachim Milberg, officially opens the new Hams Hall engine plant near Birmingham.

Reference

Wikipedia, (2009) Company History [Online]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BMW#Related_companies [Accessed 4th February 2010]

BMWDrives (2007) BMW History [Online]. Available from: http://www.bmwdrives.com/bmw-history.php [Accessed 4th February 2010]

BMW R37
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