Mini Hatch – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

22 Feb 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Mini Hatch – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
BMW R52

Mini Hatch

The Mini Hatch (U.S. Hardtop) is a three-door hatchback first introduced in late 2000, and a second generation was launched in 2006. A convertible version was introduced in 2004, with the second generation following in 2008. The new Mini is produced in Cowley. at Plant Oxford. The Mini Hatch was the first model launched by BMW under the Mini marque after the original Mini was discontinued in 2000.

The new BMW Mini is technically unrelated to the old car.

First generation (2000–2006) [ edit ]

1,146kg (2,526lb) (Cooper)

1,215kg (2,678lb) (Cooper S)

The first new generation Mini Hatch was introduced in late 2000, being the first model launched under the Mini marque after the original Mini was discontinued in the same year. In some European markets, the Mini One was powered by a 1.4 litre inline-four version of the Tritec engine. [ 1 ] but all other petrol powered Minis used the 1.6 litre version. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Since 2005, a soft-top convertible option has been available across the entire range.

There are numerous styling and badging differences between the models, perhaps the most obvious being that the Cooper S has a distinctive scoop cut into the bonnet. The Cooper S also has twin exhausts which exit under the centre of the rear valance. The non-S Cooper has more chrome parts than the Mini One and has a single exhaust.

The Mini One D has no visible exhaust pipes at all.

In some markets, such as Australia and the US, only the Mini Cooper and Cooper S are offered. Other models of note, sold in varying markets around the world, are the Mini Seven, Mini Park Lane, Mini Check Mate, and Mini Monte Carlo.

Development [ edit ]

The Mini Hatch (US: Hardtop) was designed by Frank Stephenson. [ 4 ] and drew inspiration from the original two-door Mini. Development of the car was conducted between 1995 and 2001 by Rover Group in Gaydon. United Kingdom and BMW in Munich Germany. During this development phase, there was continual contention between the two design groups, especially concerning the positioning of the car; Rover wanted a straight economy car, whilst BMW supported a small, sporting car.

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Ultimately, BMW prevailed, and in 1999, they assumed control over the entire project following the departure of BMW’s CEO. Bernd Pischetsrieder. [ 5 ] When BMW divested itself of Rover in 2000, it elected to retain the Mini project, and to move the planned production site of the car from Rover’s Longbridge plant, [ 5 ] to BMW’s Oxford plant in Cowley, Oxford, England. The team of designers working on the 2001 Mini had finished the full-sized clay mock-up of the Mini in plenty of time for a presentation to the board of directors. However, the American chief designer, Frank Stephenson. realised that the model did not have an exhaust pipe. [ 4 ] His short-term solution was to pick up an empty beer can, punch a hole in it, strip off the paint and push it into the clay at the back of the car, which took just a few minutes. [ 4 ] The overall design for the mock-up was so good that the board members told him not to change a thing, resulting in the distinctive exhaust tip seen in production cars. [ 4 ] [ 6 ]

The first generation of the New Mini received a facelift in July 2004 for the upcoming 2005 model year. This was also when the new convertible was introduced; it was never available with the pre-facelift design. Aside from minor design changes (mostly up front) and improved equipment, the maligned R65 manual gearboxes were replaced by Getrag five-speed units. [ 7 ]

Models [ edit ]

The vehicles produced during the 2002 to 2006 model years included four hatchback models (UK and some international markets: Hatch, US: Hardtop, other markets just plain Mini): the standard Mini One, the diesel -engined Mini One/D, the sportier Mini Cooper and the supercharged Mini Cooper S; in 2005, a convertible roof option was added to the Mk I line-up. In November 2006, BMW released a facelift version of the Mini Hardtop as a 2007 model-year vehicle. [ 8 ]

The names Cooper and Cooper S echo the names used for the sportier version of the classic Mini, which in turn come from the involvement of John Cooper and the Cooper Car Company. The Cooper heritage is further emphasised with the John Cooper Works (JCW) range of tuning options that are available with the Mini. John Cooper also created a one-off racing model of the Mini Cooper S named the Mini Cooper S Works.

This car features many extras which help to improve performance, such as a racing exhaust and air filter as well as uprated suspension. The car also has one-of-a-kind 17-inch (430mm) racing wheels. [ 9 ]

A race-prepared version, with rear-wheel drive, called the Mini Cooper S3, competed in the Belcar championship from 2002. [ 10 ]

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