Renault F1 — Wikicars

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Renault F1 known as Lotus Renault GP is a One racing team, formerly by the Renault car company. Renault has a though intermittent history of in motor racing, including Szisz winning the first Grand Prix. usually as marking the birth of Grand motor racing.

Renault has in Formula One (originally via subsidiary Sport ), both as an engine and as a constructor from the late to the present day, with breaks. Renault introduced the engine to Formula One when debuted their first the Renault RS01 at Silverstone in

Although the Renault team won and competed for world titles, it was as a of normally aspirated engines to the and Williams teams in the 1990s Renault first tasted championship success. Renault to the category as a constructor in 2001 by over the Benetton team, was renamed Renault in 2002. first championship as a constructor was in 2005 ; the same year they won their first championship with former driver Fernando Alonso that feat in 2006 .

F1 is coordinated from the team’s UK at Enstone, Oxfordshire where the are designed and built. Engines are at Renault’s facility at Viry-Châtillon Paris. As well as their wins in 2005 and 2006, also contributed to six driver’s championships (1992. 1993.

1996. 1997. 2010 ) and constructor’s world championships and 2010) as engine supplier for Williams and Red Bull.

Currently, F1 is responsible for Renault’s involvement in One; Renault’s other activities are conducted through Sport .

On 4 November 2009 held an emergency board to decide the future of the Renault F1 [2] and on December 16, a majority shareholding of 75% was sold to Luxembourg-based investment Genii Capital. [3]

On 8 December it was announced that Group would be buying Renault’s 25% stake in the team, which be renamed Lotus Renault GP for the season. [4]


1970s and




to two drivers with René joining Jabouille, the team to struggle although Jabouille a pole position in South By mid-season, both drivers had a new car, the RS10, and at Dijon for the Grand Prix the team itself with a brilliant in a classic race.

The two Renaults on the front row in qualifying, and pole-sitter won the race, the first driver in a car to do so, while Arnoux and Gilles were involved in an extremely duel for second, Arnoux getting beaten to the line. Jabouille ran into hard after that race, finished a career-high second at in the following race and then that at the Glen, proving it a fluke.


Arnoux this in 1980 with wins in Brazil and South Jabouille continued to have with retirements, but in his only finish he emerged victorious in At the end of the year Jabouille crashed at the Canadian GP and suffered serious leg which effectively ended his as a Grand Prix driver.

Prost was signed up for 1981. In his years with the team, showed the form that make him a Formula One legend and the were among the best in One, twice finishing in the constructors championships and second Prost won nine races the team while Arnoux two more in 1982. Arnoux for rival Ferrari after and was replaced by American Eddie In 1983.

Renault and Prost very close to winning the title but were edged out by Piquet (Brabham-BMW ) at the last of the season in South Africa. the end of the season, a rival fuel said that the fuel by the Brabham-BMWs in South Africa had the maximum Research Octane of 102 permitted under the Formula One BMW said that this was and FISA released a dossier their stance. No action was [5]


After Prost the team turned to Patrick and Englishman Derek Warwick to them back to prominence. a few good results, the team was not as in 1984 and 1985 as in the past, other teams doing a job with turbo engines, of which came from themselves. 1985 provided F1 first, as the team ran a third car in that featured the first camera which could be live by a television audience.

The car lasted 8 laps before a problem forced it to retire. In major financial problems at Renault and the company could no justify the large expenses to maintain the racing team’s CEO Georges Besse pared the company’s involvement in F1 from racing team to engine for the 1986 season before it entirely out of F1 at the end of that year.


From 1983 to Renault became engine to Team Lotus with its John Player Special Though not competitive initially, the recruitment of genius designer Ducarouge the marquee gained towards the later part of the season into 1984, Nigel Mansell and Elio De scoring regular podiums.

superstar Ayrton Senna Team Lotus in 1985 and the of his immense speed, talent and the but thirsty Lotus 97T notched up pole positions and grand wins, but chronic unreliability a sustained attempt at either In 1986, aristocrat Johnny was chosen to be Senna’s new partner Senna vetoed the original of Derek Warwick.

More positions and occasional wins with the Lotus 98T but the tallies have been improved with better reliability or comsumption lasting the full duration. In the four seasons 1983 to 1986, Team with Renault engines 19 pole positions and 5 Grand victories. This period to launch Ayrton Senna to

Renault Sport pulled out from Formula One after the season but for only a brief until they renewed involvement in 1989. when became an engine supplier to and by the sixth round in Canada. the had already secured their Renault powered victory. had also pioneered the first valved V10 engine in F1. Williams signs of promise for the next 2 and by 1992. with the aid of active the Williams-Renault was a World Championship-winning winning over half of the during the season.

Williams their active suspension for and won the Constructors’ Title in yet another year with Alain winning 7 of the 16 rounds. 1994 prove to be the only time did not win the Drivers championship after driver, Ayrton Senna. the to win the title, was … at the 1994 San Grand Prix. This the Brazilian’s inexperienced teammate, Hill. to take Senna’s as team leader, but by the French Prix.

Hill was 37 points Championship leader Michael After a series of disqualifications for the Hill managed to close the gap to 1 point before the last in Adelaide. but the two drivers collided and both retired from the making Schumacher the drivers’ Schumacher was the only driver to win a title during the time 1992 and 1997 without a engine, but Williams still the Constructors’ championship.

Benetton Renault engines for 1995 and driver, Michael Schumacher, to successfully defend his Drivers by 33 points from his nearest Damon Hill, while won their first, and only, title by 29 points. Williams won the two seasons in both the Drivers’ and championship with Damon winning the title in 1996 and Villeneuve in 1997 .

Renault pulled out of Formula One at the end of coinciding with the departure of Newey. the head of Williams’ team, who had designed all of the Renault Williams’ from 1992 However, the power unit was bought by teams ‘off the for several years afterwards by (where the engine was re-badged as ), Williams (where it was re-badged as ) and BAR and Arrows (where it was re-badged as ).

On September 15, 2006, Renault that it had agreed to supply Red Racing with engines in and 2008. On November 1, 2006, Red Racing confirmed the use of Renault and the transfer of the Ferrari units to Toro Rosso .

On 5 November Lotus Racing announced they would use Renault for the 2011 and 2012 seasons. [6]

return in the early 2000s

On 16, 2000, Renault purchased Formula Limited for $120 to return to Formula One. maintained the Benetton name for the and the 2001 seasons. When the purchase the International Herald commented that the team not race under the Renault until it is ready to win and reap the benefits. [7]


Despite the by Renault, the team still the Playlife engines (although from Renault motors) had been using for the last two The drivers were Giancarlo and Alexander Wurz. The team 20 points, as well as 2 podium in Monaco and Canada .


left the team in 2001 to a test driver at McLaren and was by British driver, Jenson who was on loan from the Williams Button and Fisichella scored 10 for the team, including a podium for Fisichella in Belgium .


In Benetton were rebranded as F1. Fisichella left to rejoin The team replaced the Italian fellow Italian Jarno Button and Trulli scored 23 during the season.


outscoring his teammate during Button was dropped by Renault in His replacement was Spain’s Fernando who had been impressive as a test the previous year. Alonso won the Hungarian Grand Prix. the time Renault had won a Grand since the 1983 Austrian Prix.

Renault was innovative this period producing designs such as the 111° engine for the 2003 RS23 was designed to effectively lower the of gravity of the engine and thus the car’s handling. This proved too unreliable and heavy, so returned to a more conventional route.


In 2004. the were contenders for second in the Constructors’ Championship. Trulli won the Grand Prix. but his relationship Renault (particularly with principal and Trulli’s ex-manager Briatore ) deteriorated after he was off the pace in the latter half of the and made claims of favouritism in the towards Alonso (though the two themselves remained friendly).

regularly point to the French Prix as the final straw for where Trulli was overtaken by Barrichello in the final stages of the lap, costing Renault a podium finish at their Grand Prix. He subsequently he was joining Toyota for the following and in fact left Renault driving the Toyota in the last two of the 2004 season. Hoping to second place in the Constructors’ Renault replaced Trulli 1997 World Champion Villeneuve for the final three However, Villeneuve — away F1 racing for almost an entire and struggling to acclimatise quickly to at the premier level — did not impress, and the finished third behind BAR .

World Championship years


Giancarlo Fisichella was replacement for the 2005 season. He advantage of a rain-affected qualifying to win the first race of the season, the Grand Prix. Fernando then won the next three to build a considerable lead in the World Championship, thereby the same for Renault in the Constructors’ Meanwhile, Fisichella failed to several races. After the San Grand Prix.

Renault and championship leads came … from a fast-but-fragile team and Kimi Räikkönen for the Drivers’ Championship. McLaren the lead of the Constructors’ World by securing a one-two finish at the Grand Prix. but that was to be the in which Alonso secured the title, becoming the youngest driver to do so.

This achievement was by a win in China to secure the Constructors’ Championship for Renault after driver Juan Pablo ‘s car was badly damaged by a cover coming loose on the This broke Ferrari six-year stranglehold on that It was the first time Renault had won the as a manufacturer.


Fernando and Giancarlo Fisichella were for 2006, while test Franck Montagny was replaced by Kovalainen. The team’s 2006 the R26 – featuring a seven speed made of titanium, was unveiled at a event on January 31.

Alonso won the Bahrain Grand Prix as as the Australian Grand Prix and second in Malaysia behind Fisichella to claim Renault’s one-two finish since Arnoux and Alain Prost in Alonso took two more places, and then wins at his grand prix in Spain. and at the Grand Prix. Fisichella 8th, 6th and 3rd place finishes in the San Grand Prix. European Prix and the Spanish Grand .

The team celebrated its 200th Prix at Silverstone, which was won by As the season progressed to its North stint, Alonso won the Canadian Prix in Montreal, Canada. At the U.S Prix.

Ferrari had a distinct advantage over the whole However, Renault were the of all the Michelin runners. Fisichella 3rd, while Alonso 5th.

At the French Grand Renault were expected to be than Ferrari, but Ferrari had the advantage. Alonso ran third for of the race, unable to challenge the of Schumacher and Massa.

However, a switch to a two stop strategy him to pass Massa and finish

On 21 July 2006 the FIA banned the use of damper systems, developed and used by Renault and subsequently by 7 other teams, including Flavio Briatore claimed McLaren had raised the issue of the legality with the FIA. [8] The used a spring-mounted mass in the cone to reduce the sensitivity of the car to

This was particularly effective in and over kerbs to keep the in closer contact to the track than they would be. [9] However race stewards at the Grand Prix deemed the legal. The FIA announced its intention to that decision and Renault they would not race the system for fear of retrospective if the appeal was upheld.

Renault’s at the German Grand Prix was one of worst of the season; however, the blamed blistering of their tyres rather than the of the mass damper system. The FIA Court of Appeal met in Paris on 22, 2006, to examine the appeal by the FIA against the decision of the German Prix stewards. The Court that use of the device known as a Mass Damper is an infringement of 3.15 of the Formula One Technical

Points scored in the Brazilian Prix secured the constructor’s for Renault in 2006.

On October 16, 2006, Renault that the Dutch banking ING would replace Mild as title sponsor for three starting in 2007. [10]

for form (2007–2009)


confirmed Giancarlo Fisichella and Kovalainen as their race for 2007 with Nelson Jr. and Ricardo Zonta as test The car for 2007, the R27. was unveiled on 24 2007, and bore a new yellow, orange and white livery in to the corporate colours of ING. engines were also to the Red Bull Racing team for the season.

motorcycle BMW R28

Renault struggled in to their form in previous in Australia. with Giancarlo finishing the race in 5th place. Heikki Kovalainen struggled more than the Italian, his car as he chased Toyota’s Ralf and ending up in 10th place. didn’t improve until the of the European season, although drivers finished in the points in the race at Malaysia.

Heikki struggled in Bahrain too, the gap between himself and Fisichella at the end of the was not as great as was seen at Melbourne, Fisichella finishing only The team’s pace began to up in Barcelona, with both making it into Q3, setting lap times in the race (4th lap for Kovalainen) and looking set for 5th and 8th, to be hampered by an identical problem on fuel rigs, forcing drivers to make extra which dropped them to 7th and 9th.

On November 8, 2007 the FIA Renault F1 of having McLaren F1 information in their possession. According to the charge, the information in included the layout and critical of the McLaren car as well as details of fuelling system, gear hydraulic control system and . The hearing on this matter place in Monaco on December 6, The charge faced by Renault F1 – of article 151c of the Sporting – was the same as that faced by earlier on in 2007 in the espionage involving Ferrari McLaren. The FIA Renault F1 in breach of article but did not penalize the team.


It was on December 10, 2007 that Alonso had signed with F1 for 2008. Alonso drove promoted test driver Piquet, Jr.. and was believed to secured number one status the team. The team started in a similar manner as the year Fernando Alonso managed to fourth at the opening Australian Prix as a result of a mistake previous Renault employee Kovalainen.

However, form was short of 2006 by a large over the first half of the season. The team brought new to the Spanish Grand Prix. a new engine-cover, dubbed the Shark-fin, to the one introduced by Red Bull on their Alonso managed to qualify on the row for that race on a light yet retired with an engine-failure through.

Alonso’s front row performance in Spain was a rare of achievement from the former champion. Both cars at the Canadian Grand Prix and Piquet Jnr.. who retired six of the first nine races, to score until the French Prix .

The German Grand heralded a change in the team’s Piquet Jr. benefited from the of the safety car to secure Renault’s podium of the year with Both drivers scored at the Grand Prix although failed to pick up anything at two weeks later.

Two fourth for Alonso in Belgium and Italy a prelude to the Singapore Grand in which Alonso profited the early crash of his team (later revealed to be a deliberate to aid the Spaniard. See: Renault One crash controversy ) to claim his victory of the season, and Renault’s since the 2006 Japanese Prix. This victory Alonso and Renault the first winners of a formula one race under floodlights.

Renault underlined their to the front at the subsequent Japanese Prix. in which Alonso clear of Lewis Hamilton first-corner mistake to record win. Piquet Jr. finished in the team’s best performance of the A further double points in China was followed by Alonso’s place finish at the season-ending Grand Prix.

The Renault R28 was by many insiders to have BMW Sauber by season’s end as the closest to the domination of the sport by Ferrari and


Renault entered the with high hopes of for both world titles. Alonso managed four finishes in the first six races, it was clear that this was unrealistic. By mid-season it appeared as Renault were making with Alonso setting the lap in Germany and securing pole in Hungary. albeit on a light load.

However, Alonso was to retire early in Hungary due to a pump failure, after a wheel came loose as it was fitted at his first pit-stop. At Alonso again looked scoring a podium for the team, but had to with another problem one of his wheels which was damaged as a of a first-lap clash with Sutil. Piquet performed in the first half of the season and was by Romain Grosjean for the last of the season.

Neither Piquet nor managed to score a point. A in Singapore was little consolation in had been a frustrating and controversial for the team.

Renault had been for one race (the 2009 Grand Prix) due to the incident Fernando Alonso ‘s not being fitted properly in the Hungarian Grand Prix. this has been overturned on following a decision from the FIA on 17 2009. [12] [13]

On 4 Nelson Piquet, Jr. was told by he would not continue driving for for the rest of the season.I have notice from Renault of its to stop me from driving for in the current F1 season, read a on Piquet’s website. Piquet had the 2009 season as the worst of my career and had criticised team Flavio Briatore. [14] He was by test driver Romain as of the European Grand Prix.

After his first podium of the in Singapore, Fernando Alonso that he would be leaving moving to Scuderia Ferrari in 2010 and ending in 2012. stated he would end his career at the giant, so it is unlikely he will to the French team. Alonso was by Polish driver Robert .

Race fixing allegations

It wishes to state that its director, Flavio Briatore and its director of engineering, Pat Symonds. left the team.|source=Renault F1 statement, 16 2009 [16] |width=27%|align=right the 2009 season, the actions of F1 during the 2008 season examined over alleged fixing. The issue surrounded Piquet, Jr. ‘s crash the 2008 Singapore Grand which Renault team Fernando Alonso went on to

At the time, Piquet, Jr. had characterised the as a simple mistake. After Jr. left the Renault team in 2009, allegations surfaced this crash had been to give an advantage to Alonso.

an Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile investigation in which Piquet, Jr. he had been asked by Renault principal Flavio Briatore and Pat Symonds to stage the crash, on 4 2009 Renault were with conspiracy and race and were due to face the FIA World Sport Council in Paris on 21 2009. Initially, Renault and stated they would legal action against Jr. for making false allegations, before the 21 September meeting, announced they would not the charges, and that Briatore and had left the team. [17] Briatore contested his ban in a French which then overturned the ban so can be involved in any FIA-sanctioned motorsport.

Renault Restructured

2010: Capital Steps in, performances

Renault have sold a stake in the team to Genii a Luxembourg based investment [19] However Renault retains a 25% share in the team and it continue as an engine supplier. A which was given more as Red Bull Racing confirmed would be using Renault for 2010. Robert Kubica was as Alonso’s replacement on 7 October [20] but following the shareholding Kubica and his manager Daniel asked for clarification on the management before committing to the outfit. However, in the new year, clarification was and Kubica was ready to commit to the [22] On 31 January, Vitaly was signed to be Kubica’s team-mate, Russia’s first Formula One

On January 5, Eric Boullier was as the new team principal at Renault, Bob Bell. who will return to his role as Technical Director. [1]

At the round in Bahrain. Petrov with broken suspension in the pit lane on lap 14, and Kubica finished in place.

Kubica took his podium with the team, a second place finish in Petrov retired from the after spinning off the circuit.

finished the next 3 races in the a 4th place in Malaysia. 5th place in and 8th place in Barcelona. Petrov scored his first points in 1 in China, it could have more, but he spun off whilst in yet he still recovered to bring points home in 7th place.

setting fast times on and the fastest time in Saturday’s session, – followed by P2 in qualifying, finished in 3rd place in Monaco. 1.6 seconds behind the winner. retired in the closing laps of the but was still classified 13th.

Petrov ‘s season has not up to Renault’s expectations, out-qualified and by Robert Kubica at almost race weekend. However, did find considerable form at the GP when he outqualified Kubica for the time and finished the race However, in Belgium.

Petrov a mistake that ended in a crash in the first session of when he explored the kerbs at corner, claiming he was testing to see how wet were and if they were on his flying lap. His failure to set a placed him 24th on the grid, a gearbox penalty to Sauber’s de la Rosa promoted him to 23rd. he went onto finish resulting in three consecutive finishes in a row.

In Singapore. was running seventh before pushed off by Williams’ Nico whilst Kubica was forced to an unscheduled stop late in the with a puncture late in the before going on to recover every place he had lost.

had tipped 2007 World Kimi Räikkönen to replace for 2011. but the Finn angrily claims he would join the stating that he was upset was using his name for their own and that their actions he would not race for them.

2011: Involvement of Group

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