Alvis Car and Engineering Company — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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BSA A 65 SS Firebird

Alvis Car and Engineering Company

Car and Engineering Company Ltd was a British company in Coventry, England. 1919–67. In addition to automobiles for the civilian market, the company produced racing cars, engines, armoured cars and armoured fighting vehicles.

becoming a subsidiary of Rover in car manufacturing was ended but armoured manufacture continued. Alvis part of British Leyland and in 1982 was sold to United Holdings, which renamed Alvis plc

History of the company [ ]

1939 Speed 25 sports

Early history [ edit ]

The company, T.G. John and Ltd. was founded in 1919 by George John (1880– Its first products were engines. carburetors and motorscooters.

Following complaints from the aircraft company whose bore similarities to the original green triangle, the more inverted red triangle incorporating the Alvis evolved. On December 14, the company officially changed its to The Alvis Car and Engineering Company Ltd . de Freville (1883–1965) designed the Alvis engine and is also for the company name. [ 1 ]

The origin of the Alvis has been the subject of a deal of speculation over the Some have suggested de Freville proposed the name as a compound of the words aluminium and vis strength in Latin ), or perhaps it may been derived from the mythological weaponsmith, Alvíss. De however vigorously rejected all of theories.

In 1921, he specifically stated the name had no meaning whatsoever, and was simply because it could be pronounced in any language. He reaffirmed position in the early 1960s, that any other explanations for the of the name were purely [ 1 ]

Production was relocated to Holyhead in Coventry, where from to 1923 they also the Buckingham car. In 1922 Thomas Smith-Clarke (1884–1960) his job as assistant works manager at and joined Alvis as Chief and Works Manager. Smith-Clarke was by William M. Dunn. who also his job as a draughtsman at Daimler to become Draughtsman at Alvis.

BSA A 65 SS Firebird

This partnership lasted for 28 years and was responsible for producing of the most successful products in the history. Smith-Clarke left in and Dunn assumed Smith-Clarke’s as Chief Engineer, remaining in position until 1959. [ 1 ]

De first engine design was a engine with aluminium and pressure lubrication. which was for that time. The first car using de Freville’s engine was the 10/30. It was an instant success and the reputation for quality workmanship and performance for which the company was to famous.

The original 10/30 side-valve was improved, becoming by 1923 the valve Alvis 12/50. a successful sports car which was until 1932. Around 700 of the models and 120 of the later Alvis models survive today. [ needed ]

1927 saw the introduction of the Alvis 14.75 and this became the basis for the long of luxurious six-cylinder Alvis produced up to the outbreak of World War II. cars were elegant and of technical innovations. Independent suspension and the world’s first gearbox came in 1933 by servo assisted brakes. The 12/75 model was introduced in a model bristling with such as front-wheel drive. brakes, overhead camshaft as an option, a Roots type [ citation needed ]

In 1936 the company name was to Alvis Ltd . and aircraft engine and vehicle divisions were to the company by the beginning of World War II. designed several models the 1930s and 1940s, including the Speed 20. the Speed 25. and the Alvis 4.3 model. [ 1 ]

Second World War [ ]

Car production was initially suspended in 1939 following the outbreak of war in but was later resumed and production of the Crested Eagle, Speed 25, and continued well into The car factory was severely damaged on 14, 1940 as a result of several raids on Coventry by the German although ironically the armaments suffered little damage. valuable cutting gear and equipment was lost and car production was for the duration of the war, only during the latter part of Despite this, Alvis out war production on aircraft engines (as of Rolls-Royce Limited ) and other equipment. [ 1 ]

BSA A 65 SS Firebird
BSA A 65 SS Firebird
BSA A 65 SS Firebird

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