Happy belated Birthday Edward Turner — PNW Riders

31 Май 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Happy belated Birthday Edward Turner — PNW Riders отключены
BSA Fury 350
BSA Fury 350

From . Bainbridge Island, WA

I . 2003 Triumph Speed 2004 Triumph Sprint ST


for reminding us of the history of the birth of as we know it. Your knowledge of the is awesome, and gladly received.

posts give me a another of reference to expand my knowledge of the time we all enjoy.

Please these nuggets as they to you. Its appreciated by me

Thank you sir

See this guy did, Holy Those are some accomplishments

In Edward Turner had his first on a motorcycle, a Light Tourist New .

[edit] The Turner SpecialOn 16, 1925 The Motor Cycle drawings by Edward Turner of an OHC he had designed, using a series of stacked gears to drive the camshaft. A subsequent redesign bevel gears to drive a camshaft, operating the valves rockers. The only shared of the two designs were the bore and 74 x 81 mm, with the barrel being into the crankcases. The head be removed from either complete with undisturbed gear.[2]

Edward Turner his first bike in 1927, his second design, a 350 cc OHC single. The Cycle published a photograph of Turner’s patented engine, in his motorcycle called the Turner The Special was registered for road use the London County Council as YP It used Webb forks, and a Sturmey-Archer gearbox.[2]

[edit] DesignerBy now, living at addresses in Peckham and East in the London Borough of Southwark and Chepstow Motors, a Peckham motorcycle shop with a agency, Edward Turner the Square Four engine in At this time he was looking for showing drawings of his engine to motorcycle manufacturers.[4] The engine was a pair of ‘across frame’ OHC twins joined by their central flywheels,[5] with a four-cylinder block (or Monobloc) and head.[6] The idea for the engine was by BSA, but adopted by Ariel.

it became the Ariel Square and not the BSA Square Four. Edward was then invited by Jack to join Ariel.

By 1929, at Jack Sangster had Edward and Bert Hopwood working Val Page in design. Edward now 28, married Edith Webley.[citation

[edit] The Ariel Square first Ariel Square 4F[7] was shown at the Olympia Show in 1930 in chain-driven camshaft 500 cc form.

Ariel the 600 cc Square Four in 1931.

The old Val Page, formerly a designer for and more lately Ariel he was Edward Turner’s boss), up on Ariel in 1932, and joined (Ariel had closed in 1930 but was in 1931–32).

In 1936 Triumph decided to separate motorcycle and car companies, and the motorcycle company. Ariel Jack Sangster bought it and the name to Triumph Engineering The Ariel Square Four from the 4F 600 cc OHC version to the 4G OHV 995 cc version year.

[edit] Triumph Manager and Chief Designer section does not cite any or sources.

Please help this article by adding to reliable sources. Unsourced may be challenged and removed. (July

Sangster made Edward now 35, General Manager and Chief (In this new position Turner a 5% commission on the companies net profits, and a shareholder with 4.9% of the The first thing he did was clear on the production floor for an office and an drawing office. Val Page had Triumph four months and joined BSA.

Bert came to Triumph as Turner’s Assistant. Ted Crabtree, who was also at before, became Chief and Freddie Clarke was made Development Engineer: both motorcycle racers.

Turner the line of 250, 350 (3H) and 500 cc Mk 5 and rationalised them into sports roadsters: the Tigers 70, 80, and 90. He single-tube frames, enclosed gear, upswept exhausts, cases, new paint designs, and petrol tanks.

[edit] The TwinMain article: Triumph Twin

In July 1937 introduced the 500 cc Speed Twin, at Ј75. It was smaller and weighed pounds less than the Ј70 90,[8] and proved very The 5T Speed Twin (some say on the engine design of Turner’s Nine car) became the by which other twins judged, and its descendants continued in until the 1980s.

The original 27 bhp was capable of exceeding 90 mph (145 and weighed 361 lb (166 kg).

Turner’s wife Edith in a car crash near Coventry 8, 1939; the same crash … Gillian Lynne’s and two other friends.

Turner’s hub was supposed to go into production in adding 17 lb to the weight of a bike. But the war its introduction until 1948.

In Turner designed a generator, an all-alloy Triumph vertical engine, for the Air Ministry. After a disagreement with Jack Turner quit his position at and promptly became chief at BSA, where he worked on a vertical twin for the War. Hopwood was made Triumph’s new and Sangster put him to work on a 500 cc side-valve competing for the same contract.

By Bert Hopwood completed the but it was never produced. Triumph’s were released in February, BSA’s planned launch. The later became the post-war TRW

In late October, Edward went back to Triumph. had been working on a design for a 700 cc four-cylinder engine that produce 50 bhp, but Turner’s to Triumph put an end to that plan.

Turner was Managing Director again by 1944.

The Speed Tiger 100 and 350 cc 3T models emerged in They now had telescopic forks, designed by Turner, but modified by Clarke after it was found fork oil would spew out on

[edit] Triumph T100 Lyons won the first Manx Prix on a Tiger 100 built by Clarke using an alloy generator engine and the unreleased hub in 1946. Turner, away in and anti-racing, was furious when he but threw Lyons a victory anyway, and a small batch of T100 were made for Freddie Clarke resigned and AMC as Chief Development Engineer. Hopwood had an argument with over racing, left and stayed away for 14 years.[9]

The I sprung rear hub was introduced in 1947.[citation needed]

In 1948 was persuaded to allow the entry of 500 cc twins in the Senior TT, but none of finished, so the experience only to Turner’s opposition to factory needed]

[edit] Triumph This section does not any references or sources.

Please improve this article by citations to reliable sources. material may be challenged and removed. 2009)

The 6T 650 cc Thunderbird, as designed by and further developed by Jack was launched on 20 September 1949, three models covered 500 at 90 mph (800 km at 145 km/h) in a demonstration at Essentially an enlarged tourer of the Speed Twin, the 6T was designed to the substantial American export and was advertised as capable of a genuine 100 mph km/h). The Thunderbird became a of police forces worldwide.

For Edward Turner went for a policy, and banned the use of chrome tanks. A chrome tank did not till the 1981 Bonneville Royal Wedding edition.

in production, the first performance came mid-way through the year when the carburettor was increased. This was the year expressed the belief that 650 cc was the limit for the traditional British vertical twin. It was the last for the T100 GP model, although the carried on, and the Mark 2 sprung hub was

Turner became involved in the of the US-based Triumph Corp. in a distribution company created to East Coast US markets. 1950, America became biggest customer.

In 1951 Sangster sold to BSA for Ј2.5 million, having sold Ariel to BSA in 1939. As of the sale agreement, he joined the BSA as a member of the board. Edward holdings in Triumph gave him 10% of the

A race kit for the Tiger 100 was introduced, were restyled with new and the first dual seat

[edit] Triumph Terrier and Cub unit construction singlesThe lightweight for Triumph since a 150 cc OHV Terrier T15, four-speed construction single with a engine, was introduced in 1953. As a Triumph directors Edward Bob Fearon and Alex Masters from Land’s End to John for a 1,000-mile Terrier demonstration and stunt – the Gaffers’ Gallop.[citation

By 1954 the sportier 200 cc version was and called the Tiger Cub.[10]

The 100 race kit was dropped, and the T100C with the kit already installed. The had twin-carburettors for this year needed]

In 1952, Edward married Shirley Watts who him two daughters and a son.

[edit] T110 TigerMain article: Tiger T110

The production 650 cc was a low-compression tourer, and the 500 cc Tiger 100 was the bike. That changed in along with the change to arm frames and the release of the alloy 650 cc Tiger 110, eclipsing the 500 cc 100 as the performance model.

[edit] Executive of BSA Group (BSA, Triumph, Daimler, and Carbodies)In after a boardroom struggle power and control, Jack became Chairman of BSA Group, Sir Bernard Docker as chair. He Turner Chief Executive of the Division (comprising BSA, Triumph, Daimler and Carbodies – of London taxicabs).[citation needed]

3TA unit construction twin section does not cite any or sources.

Please help this article by adding to reliable sources. Unsourced may be challenged and removed. (July

the first unit construction motorcycle made by Triumph, the 350 cc (21 ci) One’ 3TA. designed by and Wickes, was introduced for the 21st of Triumph Engineering Co. Ltd in 1957. it also had the first bathtub enclosure, which proved to be a styling mistake, with reputedly having to remove to sell bikes.

[edit] T120 Bonneville This does not cite any references or

Please help improve article by adding citations to sources. Unsourced material may be and removed. (July 2009)

In a twin-carburettor version of the 650 engine Triumph test rider Tait hit 128 mph on a prototype Triumph T120 at the Motorcycle Industry Association (MIRA) test The Bonnie was a show stopper at the Earl’s Court Motorcycle

Edward Turner, wary of and high-performance options, thought the was a bad design and reputedly said to Baker, Triumph’s experimental manager, This, my boy, lead us straight into Street (where the bankruptcy were).

[edit] Daimler V8 This section does not any references or sources.

Please improve this article by citations to reliable sources. material may be challenged and removed. 2009)

For 1959 Turner the hemi-head Daimler 2.5 4.5 litre V-8 used in the Daimler SP250 car and Daimler Majestic Major The valve gear was more to the Chrysler Hemi than the motorcycle, itself based on

In 1960 Edward Turner for a tour of the Honda, Suzuki and plants in Japan and was shaken by the of production.

By 1961 Turner was pressure to retire. Bert resigned from AMC, and Turner’s offer to work for as Director and General Manager. It was at time that Hopwood the idea of a three-cylinder bike and Doug Hele completed the

Daimler was sold to Jaguar, and Turner’s V-8 was put into a Jaguar 2 body with an upgraded and trademark Daimler grille, and the Daimler 2Ѕ litre V8.

In 1962, the year of the pre-unit models, used a frame with front downtubes, but returned to a Triumph single front for the unit construction models followed.

From 1963 all engines were of unit

[edit] Triumph ScootersTwo scooters were introduced, 1958 the high-performance Triumph (also sold as the BSA Sunbeam) and in the Tina (later called the a Turner-designed 100 cc automatic transmission for shopping.[11]

[edit] Retirement section does not cite any or sources.

Please help this article by adding to reliable sources. Unsourced may be challenged and removed. (July

Edward Turner retired as Executive of the Automotive Division included motorcycles) in1963, but his BSA Directorship. He was apparently by this unhappy about the direction the was taking. Bert Hopwood had of being appointed Turner’s but the job went to BSA’s Harry

BSA management now took over policy completely. Sturgeon to streamline motorcycle operations McKinsey, an international business recommended treating the two companies as

1966 saw Edward Turner on a large-displacement, four-cylinder engine which was not built.

In 1967, Turner, at 66, retired from the BSA and Harry Sturgeon took his Unlike Turner, Sturgeon was Triumph had to be involved in racing, and Hartle won the 1967 Isle of Man TT event on a Bonneville, just Harry Sturgeon suddenly and was replaced by Lionel Jofeh.

[edit] Triumph Bandit and BSA article: BSA Fury

This needs additional citations for

Please help improve article by adding reliable Unsourced material may be challenged and (July 2009)

In November the ailing company’s last press and trade launch was In the lineup was an ohc 350 cc twin with carburettors and five-speed transmission, by Edward Turner (already as his last project, and further by Bert Hopwood and Doug It was to be sold as the Triumph Bandit and BSA with cosmetic changes), 34 bhp capable of 110 mph, and it was already in Triumph’s brochures, when problems forced the model to be before it could be produced. pre-production prototypes were and still exist.[12]

The BSA Fury was an by BSA to compete in the 350 c.c. Double Cam category. This displacement at the time, one of the largest selling in

In an early 1970s issue of Buyers Guide (a yearly of all available Motorcycles) it was stated in that year prior to issue, Honda had sold 350 c.c. Motorcycles than had sold Motorcycles.

The BSA came it two one with a Scrambler look flat black high The other version, a Street cycle, had lower conical BSA and Triumph both made a media push with page brochure inserts in all of the US Cycle publications and the 350s prominently displayed.

BSA and Triumph both determined to respond to the put forward by the Japanese by designing a and aesthetically current 350. The was very well received and enthusiasts were looking to their arrival in America.

the Factory was in a deteriorating financial (labor disputes, engines bad electrical systems and leaking oil and aging looks). Faced limited resources, the Company a decision not to produce and export the and to instead concentrate on the proven Whether this decision to their eventual demise is a of argument that will really be resolved.

[edit] the British Royal Mail six postage stamps on 19 July each featuring a classic motorcycle, Edward Turner was the designer cited by name in the presentation packet notes. was in relation to the 47 pence stamp his 1938 Triumph Speed

In 2008, an address where Turner lived and worked in South-East London was awarded a Plaque by Southwark London Council following a popular vote in 2007.[14] The Blue at 8 Philip Walk, where he whilst working for his father’s factory itself now at 6 Philip was unveiled by his son, Edward Jr on Sunday 25 October 2009.[15]

[edit] References1.^ Ian Chadwick. The Early Years. History of Motorcycles. http://www.ianchadwick.com/motorcycl. ph/time01.html. 2008-01-15.

2.^ a b Drawing of overhead engine (PDF). Veloce http://www.veloce.co.uk/shop/graphics/pdf/V4065.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-15.

3.^ Ian 1919-1945: The Classic Years. of Triumph Motorcycles. http://www.ianchadwick.com/motorcycl. Retrieved 2008-01-15.

4.^ 1955 The Mathews Collection. http://www.mathewscollection.com/mot. Retrieved 2006-11-10.

5.^ 1932 MotorbikeSearchEngine. http://www.motorbike-search-engine.c. 932_ariel.html. 2006-11-10.

7.^ Ariel History. North America. Archived the original on November 2, 2005. ourhistory.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-10.

8.^ a b The of British Motoring (2007), Press. ISBN 978-1-86147-197-0. pp.

9.^ Ian Chadwick. 1946-1962: Recovery and History of Triumph Motorcycles. ph/time03.html. Retrieved 2008-01-15.

Mike Estall. Terrier and Cub cubsite.com. http://www.cubsite.com/History.htm. Retrieved

11.^ Ian Chadwick. 1963-1972: The Years. History of Triumph http://www.ianchadwick.com/motorcycl. ph/time04.html. Retrieved

12.^ Clew, Jeff Edward Turner: The Man Behind the Veloce Publishing. p. 133. 1845840658, 9781845840655. http://books.google.com/?id=Yi4sPHUiTiUCpg=PA133.

Great Britain stamps British Motorcycles — 19 2005 — from Philatelics. Norphil.co.uk. http://www.norphil.co.uk/2005/biker.htm. 2010-05-04.

14.^ [1]

15.^ Plaque unveiled to Triumph designer. ITN. http://www.itnsource.com/shotlist/IT.


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