Indian (motorcycle) muscleheaded

24 Мар 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Indian (motorcycle) muscleheaded отключены
Indian Chief Roadmaster

the development of the motorcycle

I’m not one of those guys who think you can learn anything and everything from the Internet.

There’s some stuff that just can’t be taught that way.

I’m sure you can come up with a coupla examples…

And we don’t.

Cleaning pedestrian off of chrome is hard work.

Ahem.

Before there were cars, there were motorcycles.

The first gizmo that could rightly be called a motorcycle was invented in 1867- by a couple French guys named Michaux and Perreaux—

……………………………. the ‘Michaux-Perreaux Velocipede’ .

It was basically a converted bone shaker bicycle with a steam engine attached.

It had no brakes, had a hand control for the boiler, and burned alcohol to make the steam.

You couldn’t really call this thing practical or comfortable . I guess….

…………………. more like wonky and dangerous .

Still, first is first.

In the United States, a guy named Sylvester Roper was working on a steam velocipede, too.

By 1868, he had a working model of the Roper ‘Velocipede’ ready…

It was built on a purpose built frame, and had both a throttle and brake built into the one piece handlebar assembly.

Again, comfort wasn’t exactly job one.

But you can definitely say that Roper was committed to his creation.

He died in the saddle of his 1896 model .

And soon folks were working on other kinds of motorcycles,

…………………. a little less …. well, sketchy.

A lotta times you’ll hear people say that the Germans actually invented the first motorcycle.

And I guess it depends on your definitions…. one thing’s for sure, though.

Although it was internal combustion, had a two speed transmission and was gasoline fueled —-

–the Daimler-Maybach ‘ Reitwagen ‘ of 1885 bore little more resemblance to modern motorcycles than did the previous steam powered ones.

With no steering axis angle and no fork offset, steering depending on a lotta luck and a couple outrigger training wheels.

The bike’s seat burned up on its first 7 mile test, due to the engine’s hot tube ignition built too close to it.

Actually the term “Reitwagen” means “riding wagon”, so I’m not sure even Gottlieb Daimler would take the ‘first motorcycle’ distinction that seriously.

If I had to make a choice between the several competing claims on this whole first motorcycle thing…

I guess I would point out the world’s first PRODUCTION purpose-built motorcycle…..

That distinction belongs to the– 1894 Hildebrand and Wolfmuller ‘ Motorrad ‘ . built in Munich.

Yeah, I know…

………………………. the Germans again.

Say what you will, that well documented German penchant for detail makes them wonderful engineers.

Maybe that explains all the German helmets and Iron Crosses ya used to see on some bikers, I dunno.

This thingee had a water-cooled four stroke two cylinder carburated 1500 cc engine — that would make 2 1/2 horsepower and about 25 miles an hour.

It used pneumatic tires, had brakes, and a relatively comfy seat.

It also required the rider to start it using the old ‘run alongside and jump on’ method, since it had no clutch or pedals.

Not that I haven’t used that method with some modern bikes in my time…

It might be interesting to note that the first use of the term “ Motorcycle ” was around that time….

An American inventor from Indiana, EJ Pennington, used it in 1893, and he went on to patent a motorcycle design of his own in 1896.

This was also about the time when American and British manufacturers started to take over the leadership in motorcycle development.

In Britain, Triumph produced it’s first mass produced purpose-built ( not a converted bicycle ) model in 1905, with a Triumph 3-horsepower engine.

BSA released it’s 3 1/2 model in 1910.

(BSA would grow to become the best selling motorcycle made between 1951-1965.)

Norton would produce their first bike with a Norton made engine in 1908.

In 1913, Royal Enfield introduced its famous V-Twin powered Model 180 with sidecar.

In the United States, Indian produced its first “ Indian Single ” in 1901, and by 1902 were being sold with chain drives and a diamond frame.

In 1904, their trademark red color was introduced, and it was soon the world’s best selling brand — where it remained until World War I. ( see my post on Indian )

Harley Davidson released their first production bike “ Model 1 ” in 1904 — it had a 405 cc (25 ci) 3 horsepower intake-over-exhaust engine, designed in part by Ole Evinrude.

There were at one time or another there were over 100 American motorcycle manufacturers, but by the start of World War II, there were only two left— Indian and Harley Davidson.

German manufacturing of motorcycles was also booming, and makers during this period included Hercules, Mars, NSU, Opel, and Wanderer, with Triumph also maintaining a plant in Nuremberg.

There were also large numbers of manufacturers in France, and Italy.

The rest, as somebody inevitably will say, is history.

Cheers.

Now, why not check out my post on the American Made Indian Chief ?

Indian Chief Roadmaster
Indian Chief Roadmaster


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