Enduro motorcycle — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Enduro motorcycle

An enduro is an off-road racing motorcycle in enduros, which are long-distance time trial competitions.

Types and features of Enduro [ edit ]

Enduro motorcycles resemble motocross. or MX bikes which they are often [ 1 ] They may have special such as oversized gas tanks, tuned for reliability and longevity, protectors, and more durable heavier) components. Enduro combine the long-travel suspension of an motocross bike with that are reliable and durable long distances, and may be fitted oversize gas tanks for adequate

Some enduro bikes street-legal features such as and quiet mufflers to enable to use public roadways. The engine of an bike is usually a single 2-… between 125cc and [ 2 ] or 4-… between 195 and 650cc.

A and powerful engine is not always an and riders may prefer smaller that are lighter and more In the UK, where enduros are often in wet, boggy areas as the Welsh hills, 250cc may be In drier climes, where the surface is firmer (albeit good riders can benefit having a heavier bike more power.

There may exist several differences between enduro and moto/supercross bikes, according to the of the particular competition. For an enduro such as endurocross (Enduro-X), may include: [ 3 ]

A headlight for on-road and use

a brake light/tail light for use

protective hardware such as and clutch handguards for protection branches and leaves i.e. busters

An exhaust system is street legal and meets for noise and spark arresting

A gear box

A narrower handlebars so the bike can fit between branches and easily

A roll chart holder/Enduro

A heavy flywheel [ 4 ]

Manufacturers [ ]

1979 Suzuki PE175 enduro bike

History [ ]

ATK 450 Enduro

Motorcycles specifically intended for competition first appeared at the Six Day Trial (ISDT) now called the Six Days Enduro (ISDE). [ 5 ] The was first held in 1913 at England. [ 5 ] The ISDE requires an motorcycle to withstand over six and upwards of 1250km (777 of competition; repairs are limited to performed by the rider with parts. [ 5 ] The ISDE has occurred apart from interruptions due to War I and World War II, at various locations the world. [ 5 ] The early events a test of rider skill and reliability. [ 5 ] The earliest ISDE used the dirt roads in that era. Today, of the routes are off-road. [ 5 ] In 1980, the was renamed the International Six Day Enduro

Until 1973, the ISDE was held in Europe. [ 5 ] In 1973 it was in the United States, and since it has been held outside more frequently: twice in (1992 and 1998), again in the USA Brazil (2003), New Zealand and Chile (2007). [ 5 ] The ISDE has national teams from as as 32 different countries in recent [ 5 ]

In the U.S. enduro motorcycles in light and heavyweight classes the Greenhorn Enduro hosted by the Motorcycle Club (PMC). The Enduro was a nationally-recognized 500-mile, desert off-road competition pounded both rider and Veterans of the early Greenhorn included Bud Elkins and Steve .

Many current enduro are built along the basic of a World Championship (WEC) as used in the World Enduro . The WEC is a time-card enduro, whereby a of stages are raced in a time against the clock over a of at least 200km (124 consisting of both paved and trails and roads (up to 30% of the course may be on or private asphalted roads).

Another popular type of competition that has spurred motorcycle development is endurocross. a event combining enduro and .

In the UK, most enduro clubman were 2-strokes, but many ACU had a separate class for 4-… such as the Honda XR series. 4-strokes tended to be effectively trail bikes rather de-tuned scramblers, but their improved fuel economy to 2-strokes) meant that could complete lengthy of thirty miles or more refuelling. This obviated the for a back-up team to man refueliing allowing 4-… clubmen to without a support entourage.

Technical developments [ edit ]

MX bikes have often used as platforms for building bikes. [ 1 ] This was partially by the conversion of MX from 2-… to engine designs to comply regulatory trends, as well as the of hybrid competition races as Enduro-X. [ 1 ] Compared to MX bikes, and dual-sport bikes traditionally had a higher proportion of 4-… [ citation needed ] Though MX-based off-road motorcycles can problems running full courses, where an over-emphasis on weight and high power may engine reliability problems racing over distances are much longer than an MX

Registration requirements for on-road use [ ]

As some enduro courses portions on public roads as as off-road tracks, competitors in events will need bikes that comply local registration requirements for use. Modern enduro are closely related to their MX and the manufacturers may state that machines are for non-highway use only. countries refuse the registration of bikes for on-highway use unless are altered to meet local specifications. However, some bikes, such as the Husqvarna and some Husabergs are built to with on-road requirements, and it is straightforward to register these for on-road use .

ATK 450 Enduro

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