Fabrique Nationale de Herstal

1 Мар 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Fabrique Nationale de Herstal отключены
Zündapp 250 S Trophy

Fabrique Nationale de Herstal

The Fabrique Nationale de Herstal has counting the years of its existence 1889 when this created production factory manufacturing firearms. Six years bicycle frames were and still later on completely bicycles. In 1901 an attempt was to install into the bicycle a clip-on engine with displacement, an automatic inlet and a belt drive to the rear

The first FN motorcycle appeared in the year. A lighter, 133-cc was developed to drive it, which was vertically in the cente of the frame. The was external, the belt drive was with tension roller and a pulley wheel was made of To start the engine, pedal was used.

There was an oil tank the fuel tank as well as to position a battery and high-voltage front fork was made from the start.

A motorcycle presented in 1904 a sensation: it had an inline 4-cylinder It was there and then that the FN made its name ever-lasting: it was the factory in the world that the large batch production of in this class. Its chefi Paul Kelecom created an machine. Its inline, 362-cc, 4 engine was installed longitudinally.

were made separately and not as one which lowered their and simplified the servicing of the servicing of the group. Starting the motor was via pedal drive, and the transmission to the wheel was effected  by a rotating located in the lower right-hand of the frame. To top it all, this got soft suspension—the front was made as a short leading

Engine displacement as well as its kept being increased. By the machine already had a cone and a two range transmission with a That same year a named R.O. Clark to third place in a Tourist race for multi-cylinder class. same year a single-cylinder FN made its debut with a transmission: the clutch, 2-range and rear wheel driven by a shaft.

Only the kickstarter was lacking. The engine was still started from the rear wheel and

WWI interfered for a whole while the production of motorcycles. In 1919, a serious revamping, both and four-cylinder models appeared on the yet again. Their time was however, and buyers were in more advanced, simple and technology. At the end of 1923 a completely new FN was presented: it was new both in its concept and its

The main novelty of the machine M 60 was its power block. The unified contained an OHV 346-cc engine and a transmission. The rear wheel was and an open flywheel was located on the of the case.

Also in 1923 a version of the engine was created its distributor shaft in the cylinder

The economic crisis of the 1920s did not the FN company because it produced not motorcycles, but also cars, what was more important, its output was in arms and ammunition. automotive equipment as well as was supplied to the army. Towards the end of the the company opened an assembly in Aachen, on German territory.

helped it dependably secure its positions on the voluminous and important market. Reduced taxation had a effect on motorcycle prices, fostered the growth of sales. In after Hitler came to the affliated Aachen branch was declared “independent”.

In 1937 the FN was one of the first to initiate the production 12a SM. a military motorcycle with a gear to the sidecar wheel, would drive both on and cross-country. In this sphere, the was ahead of better known all-terrain motorcycle vehicles by BMW  and Zündapp. Based on machine a three-wheeler version was called Tricar (12 SM —

It had an automobile-type rear axle, on top of there was a platform with rails and seats.

Zündapp 250 S Trophy

In 1936-1937 the FN experienced a high-point of its sports program. The FN’s OHV motorcycles already successful in racing in the 1920s, when the factory was headed by George William who later left the company to the head designer of Jawa. In he was replaced by Dougal Marchant who to FN from Motosacoche. He improved engines to such a degree FN motorcycles could compete as with BMW.

DKW, NSU  and models of other firms. motorcycles appeared having air systems, however, the FN racing fell behind the leaders, so Van Hout, a new designer who joined the in 1933 took up the development of engines while improving OHV That year race René Milhoux riding a FN motorcycle with a fairing a distance of 1 kilometer set a new speed of 224 km/h.

After that he was the winner at stages of the Grand Prix

With the outbreak of WWII production at the FN company almost This big arms manufacturer into the hands of the occupants and working for the benefit of the German which took in a certain of cross-country motorcycles. The plant on with producing and refurbishing for some time.

In 1946 FN motorcycles appeared on the market yet Henri Van Hout’s genius however, a bad joke on him: the created a long-lever front that looked rather for anyone who had a chance to see it. Staying in for a few years this bulky yielded finally to the usual fork.

Around that the production list was supplemented by an OHV M 13 motorcycle with a four-range

In the early 1950s the FN motorcycles rigged with not only the 4-… engines, but also 2-…, single- and twin-cylinder engines (their displacement is, 198 and 246 cc). At a later stage the replaced by similar ILO motort Heavy machines were taken out of the plant production replaced with more motorcycle vehicles, including motor bikes.

They however, not enjoying big sales, so by the production oif motorcycles and motor (mopeds) was completely terminated, and the FN focused again on manufacturing and fulfilling aircraft industry

Zündapp 250 S Trophy
Zündapp 250 S Trophy
Zündapp 250 S Trophy

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