Indian Motorcycles BACKFIRE ALLEY

2 Апр 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Indian Motorcycles BACKFIRE ALLEY отключены

Indian motorcycles were from 1901 to 1953 by a in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA,

known as the Hendee Manufacturing but which was renamed the Indian

Manufacturing Company in 1928. The factory team took the three places in the 1911, The of

Man Tourist Trophy. During the Indian became the largest of motorcycles in the world.

Indian’s popular models were the made from 1920 to and the Chief, made from to

1953. The Indian Motocycle Company went bankrupt in A number of successor

organizations perpetuated the name in subsequent including the current company has

been manufacturing Indian since 2006.

The Indian Co. was founded as the Hendee Manufacturing by George M. Hendee and

Carl Hedstr-m. Both Hendee and were former bicycle who teamed up to produce a

motorcycle a 1.75 bhp, single engine in Hendee’s home of Springfield. The bike was

successful and increased dramatically during the decade.

In 1901, a prototype and two units of the diamond framed Single were successfully

built and tested. The first motorcycles, featuring chain and streamlined styling, were

to the public in 1902. In 1903, co-founder and chief engineer Hedstr-m set the world

motorcycle record (56 mph). In 1904 the introduced the deep red color would become

Indian’s Production of Indian motorcycles exceeded 500 bikes annually, to a peak of

32,000 in 1913. The of the Indian Single were by the Aurora Firm in Illinois license from

the Hendee Co. until 1906.

In 1905, built its first V-twin racer, and in following years a strong showing in racing and

In 1907 the company introduced the street version V-twin and a styled after

the factory

The roadster can be distinguished from the by the presence of twist grip of the firm’s

most famous was Erwin Cannonball Baker, who set long-distance records. In 1914, he an

Indian across America, San Diego to New York, in a record 11 12 hours and ten minutes. Baker’s

mount in subsequent years was the a side-valve V-twin, which was in 1916. Its 61ci

(1000 42 degree V-twin engine was powerful and quieter than designs, giving a top speed

of 60 mph (96 The Powerplus was highly successful, as a roadster and as the basis for racing

It remained in production with few until 1924.

Competition played a big part in Indian’s growth and spurred technical as well. One

of the American firm’s early results came in the of Man TT in 1911, when Indian Godfrey,

Franklin and Moorehouse first, second and third. star Jake DeRosier set speed

records both in and at Brooklands in England, and won an estimated 900 on dirt and board

track He left Indian for Excelsior and in 1913, aged 33, of injuries in a board track race

with Charles Fearless who later became Indian’s top Work at the Indian factory was

while DeRosier’s … passed.

Oscar Hedstrom Indian in 1913 after with the Board of Directors dubious

practices to inflate the stock values. George resigned in 1916.

World War I

As the US World War I, Indian unnecessarily most of its Powerplus line in and 1918 to the

United States starving its network of dealers. blow to domestic availability of the

led to a loss of dealers from Indian never quite While the motorcycles were

in the military, post-war demand was taken up by other manufacturers to many of the

previously loyal dealers turned. While shared in the business boom of the it lost

significant market to Harley-Davidson.

Inter-war era — Chiefs, and Fours

Indian in police service, 1920sThe and Chief V-twins, introduced in the 1920s, became

the Springfield most successful models. by Charles B. Franklin, the middleweight and

larger Chief shared a V-twin engine layout. models gained a reputation for and


Indian Four

Indian 401 Indian purchased the of the name, rights, and production of the Ace

Motor Corporation in 1927. was moved to Springfield and the motorcycle was as the

Indian Ace for one year.

In 1928, the Ace was replaced by the Indian 401, a of the Ace designed by Arthur O.

Lemon, Chief Engineer at Ace, who was by Indian when they Ace. The Ace’s leading-

forks and central coil were replaced by Indian’s forks and quarter-elliptic leaf

By 1929, the Indian 402 would a stronger twin-downtube frame on that of the 101 Scout and a

sturdier crankshaft than the Ace, had a three-bearing crankshaft.

1939 4, in the World’s Fair color in commemoration of the 1939 New York Fair. On

display at Clark’s Post, Lincoln, New Hampshire.Despite the low for luxury motorcycles

during the Depression, Indian not only production of the Four, but continued to the

motorcycle. One of the less popular of the Four was the upside down on the 1936-1937

models. While (and later) Fours had IOE over exhaust) cylinder with overhead inlet

and side exhaust valves, the Indian Four had a unique EOI head, with the positions

In theory, this would fuel vaporization. In practice, it the cylinder head, and the

rider’s very hot. Dual fitted in 1937, did not help. The was returned to the original

configuration in

Like the Chief, the Four was large, skirted fenders and rear suspension in 1940. In the

18-inch wheels of previous were replaced with 16 with balloon tires. of the

historical significance of the 1940 model was made with an 2006 United States

Service 39-cent stamp part of a four panel set American Motorcycles.

The Indian was discontinued in 1942.

1928 Big Chief with sidecarThe 1922 model Chief had a cc (61ci) engine based on of

the Powerplus; a year later the was enlarged to 1,200 cc (73 ci). improvements were made

over the years, including of a front brake in 1928.

In Indian merged with Motors Company. DuPont founder E. Paul DuPont

production of duPont automobiles and the company’s resources on Indian. paint

industry connections in no fewer than 24 color being offered in 1934. of that era

featured Indian’s head-dress logo on the gas tank. huge Springfield factory was as

the Wigwam, and native American was much used in advertising.

In Indian sold nearly as motorcycles as its major rival, At the time, Indian

represented the true American-made heavyweight alternative to Harley-Davidson. During

time, the company also other products such as engines, bicycles, boat and air


In 1940, all models fitted with the large fenders that became an trademark, and the Chief

gained a new frame that was superior to Harley’s unsprung rear The 1940s Chiefs were

and comfortable machines, capable of 85 mph km/h) in standard form and 100 mph

(160 km/h) when although their increased hampered acceleration.

In 1950, the engine was enlarged to 1,300 cc (79 cu in) and forks were adopted. But

financial problems meant few bikes were built. of the Chief ended in 1953.

War II

1939 Indian Dispatch 3-wheeler

1942 Indian 500, the 741, used by the US Scouts, and Junior Scouts all used for

various purposes by the States Army in World War II. none of these could the Harley-

Davidson WLA as the motorcycle used by the Army. The early was based on the 750 cc (46

cu in) Scout 640 compared with Harley’s offer, the but was either too expensive or heavy, or a

of both. Indians eventual the 500 cc (31 cu in) 741, was underpowered and could not

with the WLA. Indian offered a version based on the cc (73 cu in) Chief, the 344.

Approximately 1,000 experimental mounting the 750 cc motor sideways and shaft drive, as

on a modern Guzzi, the 841, was also

During World War II, the US Army experimental motorcycle designs for desert fighting. In

response to request, Indian designed and the 841. Approximately 1,000 841 were built.

The Indian 841 was inspired by the BMW R71 motorcycle used by the Army at the time, as

was its competitor, the XA. However, unlike the XA, the 841 was not a copy of the

Although its tubular frame, rear suspension, and shaft were similar to the BMW’s, the 841 was

from the BMW in several aspects, noticeably so with its 90-degree V-

twin engine and girder

The Indian 841 and the Harley-Davidson XA were tested by the Army, but neither was

adopted for wider military It was determined that the Jeep was suitable for the roles and missions

for these motorcycles had been

In 1945, a group headed by B. Rogers purchased a controlling of the company. On November

1, 1945, formally turned the operations of over to Rogers.

Indian Scout

Under control, Indian discontinued the and began to manufacture lightweight

such as the 149 Arrow, the Super 249, both introduced in and the 250 Warrior, introduced in

1950. bikes suffered from quality and a lack of development. of traditional Indians was

extremely in 1949, and no 1949 Chiefs are to exist. Manufacture of all products was in


Brockhouse Engineering the rights to the Indian name it went under in 1953. imported

Royal Enfield from England, mildly them in the US depending on the model and

them as Indians from to 1960. Almost all Royal models had a corresponding Indian in the

USA. The models were Chief, Trailblazer, Apache three were 700 twins), (500 twin),

Woodsman single), Westerner (500 Hounds Arrow (250 Fire Arrow (250 Lance

(150 2-… single) and a Patrol Car (350 cc single).

In the Indian name was bought by AMC of Royal Enfield being competition, they abruptly

all Enfield-based Indian models the 700 cc Chief. Their plan was to Matchless and AJS

motorcycles badged as However, the venture ended AMC itself went into in 1962.

1972 Indian minibikeFrom the 1960s, entrepreneur Clymer began using the name,

apparently without it from the last known trademark holder. He attached it to

motorcycles, commissioned to Italian and engineer Leopoldo Tartarini, of Italjet Moto, to

manufacture 50 cc minibikes under the Indian name. These were so

that Clymer also Tartarini to build full-size motorcycles based on the Italjet

design, but fitted firstly Royal Enfield Interceptor 750 cc engines, then with 500 cc

single-cylinder Thruxton engines.

Clymer’s … in 1970 his sold the alleged Indian to Los Angeles attorney Alan

who continued to import minicycles by ItalJet, and later manufactured in a owned

assembly plant in Taipei (Taiwan). Several with engine displacement 50 cc and 175

cc were produced, mostly with Italian two-… made either by Italjet or Morini, but the

fortunes of this didn’t last long. By sales were dwindling, and in 1977, the company

was declared The right to the brand name through a succession of owners and a

subject of competing claims in the finally decided in December by a Federal bankruptcy court in


Indian Motorcycle of America (1999–2003)

The Indian Company of America was formed the merger of nine companies,

manufacturer California Motorcycle (CMC) and IMCOA Licensing Inc. which was awarded

the trademark by the Federal District of Colorado in 1998. The new company

manufacturing Indian-badged motorcycles in at the former CMC’s facilities in California. The

first Gilroy model was a new design called the Scout and Spirit models also manufactured

from 2001. These were initially made off-the-shelf SS engines, but used the

(1,600 cm3) Powerplus design from 2002 to The Indian Motorcycle Corporation into

bankruptcy and ceased all operations in Gilroy on September 19,

Indian Motorcycle Company 2006)

Headquarters Kings North Carolina, USA

On July 20, the newly-formed Indian Motorcycle owned largely by Stellican a

London-based private equity announced its new home in Kings North Carolina, where it has

the Indian motorcycle brand, Indian Chief motorcycles in numbers, with a

focus on rather than performance, a ‘luxury’ watch. Starting out where the defunct

Gilroy IMC left off in 2003 all of the new models are models based on the new series of

developed in 1999. The 2009 Chief incorporated a redesigned (1,720 cc)

Powerplus V-twin with electronic closed-loop fuel injection and a charging

providing increased capacity for the fuel injection. Indian was out by Polaris Ind. in 2011.

We haven’t a 2013 model and know when the plant is to Iowa. Indian, M otorcycle were

down 6% ending 30, 2013.

Land speed

Between 1962 and 1967, Munro from New Zealand a modified 1920s Indian to set a number

of land speed as dramatised in the 2005 film The Fastest Indian.

Polaris A Brand New Engine For Indian

Stroke 111 Engine Powering

The New Indian Motorcycle

111 cubic

More than 115 ft-lbs of

Indian Scout
Indian Scout
Indian Scout
Indian Scout
Indian Scout
Indian Scout

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