Jaguar Cars

20 Июн 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Jaguar Cars отключены
Sachs Big Roadster V 3.8

Jaguar Cars +Search for

Phil Popham (Jaguar Rover Group Marketing

num_employees. 10,000


»’Jaguar Cars»’ ( ) is a brand of Land Rover + . a British

was founded as the Swallow Sidecar + in 1922, originally making sidecar + s before developing cars. The name was changed to after World War II to avoid the connotations of the SS initials + . Sale to The Motor Corporation followed in the resulting enlarged company now renamed as British Motor (BMH) + . which in 1968 with Leyland Motor and became British Leyland + . to be nationalised in 1975.

In September Jaguar Land Rover plans to open a 100 million GBP + million USD + ) research and development in Warwick + . United Kingdom + to a next generation of vehicle The carmaker said around academics and engineers would there and that construction start in 2014.

Cash was after World War II + . and Jaguar the plant and premises of Motor a pressed steel body company they had acquired in the 1930s when growth seemed more secure. The was Rubery Owen + . Nevertheless, achieved relative commercial with their early war models; times were tough for other Coventry-based and the company was able to buy from Black + ‘s Standard Company + the plant where had built the six-cylinder engines it had supplying to Jaguar.

Jaguar its name by producing a series of sports cars, such as the XK 120 of developed into XK 140 and XK 150, and the E of 1961. These were all and embodied Lyons’ mantra of for money. They were in international motorsport, a path in the 1950s to prove the engineering of the company’s products.

Jaguar’s slogan for years was Grace, Pace, a mantra epitomised by the sales achieved by the MK VII, IX, Mks I and II and later the XJ6.

The core of Lyons’ success following was the twin-cam straight six + engine, a conceived pre-war and realised design staff at the Coventry were dividing their between fire-watching (Coventry a prime target of German and designing the new power plant.

To this in context, benchmark for racing and competition engines was the Knocker, or Twin Cam engine. new engine was a hemispherical cross-flow head with valves from the vertical; originally at 30 (inlet) and 45 degrees (exhaust) and standardised to 45 degrees for both and exhaust.

As fuel octane + were relatively low from onwards, three piston were offered: domed octane), flat (medium and dished (low octane).

The designer, William Bill + . assisted by Walter Wally + . was determined to design the Twin OHC Bill Lyons agreed misgivings from Hassan. It was to take what had previously considered a racing or low-volume and engine needing constant and applying it to reasonable volume saloon cars.

The subsequent engine (in various was the mainstay powerplant of Jaguar, in the XK 120, Mk VII Saloon, Mk I and II Saloons and XK 140 and It was also employed in the E Type, a development from the race and Le Mans conquering C and D Type Racing cars refined as the XKSS, a road-legal D-Type.

Few types have demonstrated ubiquity and longevity: Jaguar the Twin OHC »XK Engine», as it to be known, in the Jaguar XJ6 saloon 1969 through 1992, and in a J60 variant as the power plant in diverse vehicles as the British Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance + family of vehicles, as well as the Fox reconnaissance vehicle + . the Ferret Car + . and the Stonefield four-wheel-drive all-terrain Properly maintained, the standard XK Engine would achieve miles of useful life.

Two of the moments in Jaguar’s long in motor sport involved the Le Mans 24 hours race + . in 1951 and again in 1953. at the 1955 Le Mans was overshadowed by it the occasion of the worst motorsport in history + . Later in the hands of the racing team Ecurie two more wins were in 1956 and 1957.

In spite of a performance orientation, it was always intention to build the business by world-class sporting saloons in numbers than the sports car could support. Jaguar financial stability and a reputation for with a series of elegantly luxury saloons that the 3 litre and 3½ litre cars, the VII, VIII, and IX, the compact I and 2, and the XJ6 and XJ12. All were deemed good values, with rides, good handling, performance, and great style.

with the trend-setting XK 120, XK and XK 150 series of sports car, and E-Type, Jaguar’s Elan as a motorcar manufacturer had few rivals. The post-War achievements are remarkable, both the shortages that Britain (the Ministry of + still allocated raw materials) and the of metallurgical development of the era.

In Jaguar leased Browns + from The Daimler Company + . which quickly became its plant. Jaguar purchased to be confused with Daimler-Benz + or AG + —in 1960 from BSA + . From the 1960s, Jaguar used the marque as a brand name for most luxurious saloons.

Steel Company Limited + all Jaguar’s (monocoque + ) bodies provision and installation of the mechanicals to In mid-1965 British Motor + (BMC), the Austin + -Morris + bought Pressed Steel. by Jaguar’s relegation to the position of customer by the maker of the largest of its product Sir William Lyons to not fight BMC’s offer to buy and BMC took control in September

In view of these significant Pressed Steel and Jaguar, BMC its name to British Motor + at the end of 1966.

BMH was pushed by the government to up with relatively well-managed Leyland Motor Corporation manufacturer of Leyland bus and truck + . + -Triumph + and, since Rover + vehicles. The result was Leyland + . a new holding company appeared in 1968, but the combination was not a The continuing management and financial of, especially, the Austin-Morris division BMC) led to the Ryder Report + and to nationalisation in 1975.

Over the few years it became clear because of the low regard for many of the products insufficient capital be provided to develop and begin of new models, including Jaguars, if Jaguar were to remain a of the group.

In July 1984, was floated off as a separate company on the market – one of the Thatcher + government’s privatisation + s– to create its own track and find (new supplies or, the preference,) a new supplier of capital turned out to be Ford.

Installed as in 1980, Sir John Egan + was as an industrial superman for Jaguar’s prosperity immediately after In early 1986 Egan he had tackled 1. poor quality 2. lagging delivery schedules, 3. productivity, and laid off about 1/3 of the 10,000 employees to cut costs. have since pointed out he an elderly model range on all development costs had been off and raised prices as well as the push to improve Jaguar’s but in the USA the price rises were by a favourable exchange rate.

+ made offers to Jaguar’s US and UK to buy their shares in November Jaguar’s listing on the London Exchange + was removed on 28 February In 1999 it became part of new Premier Automotive Group + with Aston Martin + . Cars + and, from Land Rover + . Aston was subsequently sold off in 2007. Ford’s ownership it never a profit.

Under Ford’s Jaguar expanded its range of with the launch of the S-Type + in and X-type + in 2001. Since Rover’s May 2000 purchase by it has been closely associated Jaguar. In many countries share a common sales and network (including shared and some models now share although the only shared facility was Halewood Body and + . for the X-Type and the Freelander 2. However the two companies were effectively under a common management within Ford’s PAG.

the sale was announced, Anthony + . chairman of British excavator JCB + had expressed interest in purchasing the in August 2006, but backed out learning that the sale also involve Land which he did not wish to buy. On Eve of 2007, Mahindra and Mahindra out of the race for both brands, complexities in the deal.

On 1 January 2008, Ford declared that Tata was the bidder. Tata Motors + received endorsements from the And General Worker’s Union + combine + as well as from According to the rules of the auction this announcement would not disqualify any other potential

However, Ford (as well as of Unite + ) would now be able to into detailed discussions Tata concerning issues from labour concerns security and pensions), technology (IT and engine production) and intellectual as well as the final sale Ford would also its books for a more comprehensive due + by Tata. On 18 March 2008, + reported that American Citigroup + and JP Morgan + would the deal with a USD 3 billion +

On 26 March 2008, Ford that it had agreed to sell its and Land Rover operations to Motors of India, and that expected to complete the sale by the end of the quarter of 2008. Included in the were the rights to three British brands, Jaguar’s own + . as well as two dormant brands + and Rover + . On 2 June 2008, the to Tata was completed at a cost of billion.

The Swallow Sidecar (SSC) was originally located in + but moved to Holbrook Lane, + in 1928 when demand for the Swallow + became too great for the capacity. In 1951, having the original Coventry site moved to Browns Lane, had been a wartime shadow run by The Daimler Company + . Today, are assembled at Castle Bromwich + in The historic Browns Lane + ceased trim and final in 2005, the X350 XJ + having moved to Castle Bromwich two prior, leaving the XK + and S-Type + to Castle Bromwich

In 2000, turned its Halewood + plant to Jaguar following the discontinuation of its running Escort + that for Jaguar’s new X-Type + model. It was joined by the second-generation Land Freelander 2, from 2007. ceased being produced at in 2009 following the discontinuation of the Halewood now becoming a Land plant.

A reduced Browns site operates today, veneers for Jaguar Land and others, as well as some facilities. A new assembly plant was at Pune + . India + in April

Jaguar will begin the Jaguar XE + — the replacement for the — at Land Rover’s + plant in 2015, the first passenger car to be produced at the plant the Rover SD1 + in the late 1970s.

The + convertible was launched at the 2012 Motor Show + . following its at the Goodwood Festival of Speed + in 2012, and is billed as a successor to the E-Type + . In fact, the Series III already had a successor, in the form of the XJS + . was in turn replaced by the XK8 and XKR. The nevertheless returns to the 2-seat that was lost with the of the Series III E-Type, which was only in a 2+2-seat configuration.

It was developed following the positive to Jaguar’s C-X16 concept car at the Frankfurt Auto Show. will begin in 2013 three engine choices; two of the AJ126 V6 petrol engine and the V8 petrol engine.

The Jaguar XF + is a + executive car + introduced in 2008 to the S-Type + . In January 2008, the XF was the »What Car? + » of the Year’ and ‘Executive Car of the Year’ The XF was also awarded Car of the Year from »What Diesel?» Engines available in the XF are 2.2-litre I4 + and V6 + diesel engines, or 3.0 litre V6 and V8 + petrol engines.

The 5.0 Litre is available in supercharged form in the From 2011, the 2.2-litre engine from the Land Freelander was added to the range as of a facelift.

The Jaguar XJ + is a full-size + saloon. The model has been in since 1968 with the generation being the last car to have creative input by the founder, Sir William Lyons + . In 2003, the third generation XJ in showrooms and while the car’s and interior styling were in appearance, the car was completely re-engineered. Its attracted much criticism many motoring journalists who that the car looked old-fashioned and more modern than its many even citing the ‘Lyons line’ had been in the translation from Mark 2 Mark 3 XJ, even though the shell lay a highly advanced construction that put the XJ very the top of its class.

Jaguar responded to the with the introduction of the fourth XJ, launched in 2009. Its exterior is a departure from previous with a more youthful, stance, following the design that came into previously with the company’s XF + and XK +

The 5-litre V8 engine in the XJ Supersport can the car from emission rating of 289 To cater to the limousine market, all XJ are offered with a longer + (LWB) as an option, which the rear legroom.

The Jaguar XK + is a grand tourer + introduced in where it replaced the XK8 + launched in The XK introduced an aluminium monocoque and is available both as a two-door and two-door cabriolet + /convertible + .

began producing R models in with the introduction of the first Powered by a supercharged 6-cylinder the car produced approximately 322 horsepower. the revamped line of engines, the would be based on an eight-cylinder with supercharger from to present. The 1997–2003 XJR produced and of taking the car to in 5 seconds.

The new aluminium bodyshell from to 2009 and increased power to and computer systems decreased the to to 4.8 seconds. Starting after 2000, XJRs were with Jaguar’s CATS Active Technology Suspension), helped firm up the ride in driving without compromising during day-to-day use.

The XKR was introduced in 1997 and kept the same power increases as the XJR for after 2006 the power in the XKR was to. The S-Type R had a short production run 2003 to 2008, and came with the same supercharged V8 as the R models. It was replaced by the XFR, a 5.0 L supercharged V8 producing .

* Jaguar XJR

* F-Type R coupé

After of speculation, Jaguar designer Ian + confirmed in early 2012 there would not be a Jaguar but suggested that he may be designing a for Jaguar. In 2013 Jaguar the C-X17 + concept.

A compact saloon called XE + was announced at the Geneva Motor Show + sales scheduled for 2015.

The S-Type + . first appeared in and stopped production in 2008. It has now replaced by the Jaguar XF. Early suffered from reliability but those were mostly by the 2004 model year.

The X-Type + was a compact executive car + in 2001, while the company was Ford ownership. Sharing its with a 2000 Ford + . the X-Type ceased production in

The Jaguar company started with the pre-war 1.5, 2.5 and models, which used designed by the Standard Motor + . The 1.5-litre four-cylinder engine was supplied by Standard but the two larger ones were made in These cars have known unofficially as Mark IVs + .

The post-war model was the 1948 V + available with either or 3.5-litre engines, and it had a more appearance than pre-war but more important was the change to front suspension and hydraulic

Along with sports Jaguar maintained a strong in the upscale saloon car market. the large Mark VII in 1951, a car conceived for the American market, was overwhelmed with orders. The VII and its successors gathered rave from magazines such as and Track + » and »The + . In 1956 a Mark VII won the prestigious Carlo Rally + .

In 1955, the saloon (subsequently known as the 2.4 1 + ) was the first monocoque + (unitary) car Jaguar. Its 2.4-litre short-… of the XK engine provided performance. In the 3.4-litre version with brakes, wire wheels and options was introduced, with a top of.

In 1959, an extensively revised of the car with wider windows and 3.4, and 3.8-litre engine became the Mark 2 + . The 3.8 Mark 2 was with British police for its small size and performance.

The VIII + of 1956 and Mark IX + of were essentially updates of the VII, but the Mark X + of 1961 was a new design of large saloon all round independent suspension and construction.

The independent rear from the Mark X was incorporated in the S-Type + . which closely the Mark 2, and in 1967 the Mark 2 was dropped when the small became the 240/340 range. The 420 + of also sold as the Daimler + . put a new front onto the S-type, both cars continued in until the S-Type was dropped in The Mark X became the 420G in

Of the more recent saloons, the significant is the XJ + (1968–1992). From on, the Series I XJ saw minor changes, in 1973 (to Series II), (Series III), a complete for 1986/1987 in XJ40, further in 1995 (X300), in 1997 V8-power (X308), and a major in 2003 with an industry-first monocoque-chassis (X350). The most XJ models carried either the Plas + (US) or Daimler + of world) nameplates.

In 1972, the engine was introduced in the XJ, while being offered in the E Type.

saw the introduction of the mid-engined, twin-turbo + . powered by a date=22 August |work=The Guardian |quote=On the track of southern Italy, Brundle, the Grand Prix confirmed it as the fastest production car 217mph, narrowly quicker the Bugatti. The Ferrari 512 or earlier F40 around 200mph. The F40 boasts in 4.1 seconds.

The Lamborghini Diablo is and Porsche 959, 3.9. The rates 3.85.

Over the many Jaguar models sported the famous chrome Leaping Jaguar, traditionally part of the radiator cap. as The Leaper this iconic has been the subject of controversy in times when banned for reasons from cars to Europe whilst it continued to be on cars destined for the United Middle East and Far East. It has now dropped from all the latest models.

Sachs Big Roadster V 3.8
Sachs Big Roadster V 3.8
Sachs Big Roadster V 3.8
Sachs Big Roadster V 3.8

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