Moto GP 2013 — 4° : Forse questa volta 27 2013 — Youtube video

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Youtube: 27 2013

Moto GP — 4°. Forse questa L’incidente l’ho causato io xD. HD

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From wikipedia

Grand Prix motorcycle

Road Racing World Grand Prix is the premier of motorcycle road racing. It is divided into three MotoGP, Moto2 and Moto3. All classes use four-… engines. In 250cc two-strokes were by the new Moto2 600cc four-…

In 2012, 125cc two-strokes replaced by the Moto3 250cc class with a weight of 65kg with fuel, and the capacity for MotoGP increased 800cc to 1,000cc.

Grand motorcycles are purpose-built racing that are neither available for by the general public nor can be ridden on public roads. This with the various production-based of racing, such as the Superbike Championship, that feature versions of road-going motorcycles to the public.


1 Overview 1.1

2 Riders 2.1 Champions

3 MotoGP 4 Specifications 4.1 MotoGP class 4.2 class 4.3 Moto3 class 4.4 Specifications 4.5 Weights

5 Tyres 6 system 7 In media 8 See also 9 10 External links

Overview [ ]

A Road Racing World Grand Prix was first by the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme in 1949. The commercial rights are now by Dorna Sports, with the FIM as the sport sanctioning body. are represented by the International Road Teams Association (IRTA) and by the Motorcycle Sport Manufacturers (MSMA).

Rules and changes to are decided between the four with Dorna casting a vote. In cases of technical the MSMA can unilaterally enact or changes by unanimous vote its members. [ 1 ] These 4 entities the Grand Prix Commission.

have traditionally been races at each event for classes of motorcycles, based on size, and one class for sidecars. for 50cc, 80cc, 125cc, 350cc, and 500cc solo have existed over and 350cc and 500cc sidecars. Up the 1950s and most of the 1960s, engines dominated all classes.

In this was due to rules which a multiplicity of cylinders (meaning pistons, producing higher and a multiplicity of gears (giving power bands, affording states of tune). In the 1960s, engines began to take in the smaller classes.

In 1969, the FIM—citing high costs for non-works teams—brought in new restricting all classes to six gears and to two cylinders (four cylinders in the of the 350cc and 500cc classes). led to a mass walk-out of the sport by the highly successful Honda, and Yamaha manufacturer teams, the results tables for the next years, with MV Agusta the only works team in the sport until Yamaha and Suzuki (1974) returned new two-… designs.

By this two-strokes completely eclipsed the in all classes. In 1979, Honda on its to GP racing made an attempt to the four-… to the top class with the but this project failed, and in even Honda was winning a two-… 500. The 50cc was replaced by an 80cc class, the class was dropped entirely in the after being dominated by Spanish and Italian makes.

The class vanished in the 1980s. were dropped from Championship events in the 1990s Superside), reducing the field to 250s, and 500s.

Yamaha MotoGP bike (2006)

the premier class of GP motorcycle has changed dramatically in recent From the mid-1970s through the top class of GP racing allowed with a maximum of four regardless of whether the engine was a or four-…. Consequently, all machines two-strokes, due to the greater power for a given engine capacity.

two- and three-cylinder two-… were seen, but though had a minimum-weight advantage under the typically attained higher speed and could qualify they lacked the power of the machines. In 2002, rule were introduced to facilitate the out of the two strokes. The rules permitted to choose between running engines (500cc or less) or (990cc or less).

Manufacturers also permitted to employ choice of engine configuration. the significantly increased costs in running the new four-… machinery, their extra 490cc advantage, the four-strokes were able to dominate their rivals. As a result, by 2003 no machines remained in the MotoGP

The 125cc and 250cc classes consist exclusively of two-… In 2007, the MotoGP class had its engine displacement capacity to 800cc for a minimum of 5 years. For the season the capacity has increased to 1,000cc. [ 2 ]

A typical MotoGP

The 2008 racing calendar of 18 rounds in 15 different countries Spain which hosted 3 Portugal, China, France, Great Britain, the Netherlands, USA which hosted 2 rounds, Republic, San Marino, Japan, and Malaysia). Exclusive to the MotoGP there was also a USA round at Raceway Laguna Seca in California for the 800cc class this is because the paddock is not enough to also include the 2 classes.

In 2008 a MotoGP event was at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway for the time on a newly prepared and observers noted that the had hosted motorcycle racing cars raced there. All classes were scheduled to but severe wind and rain the 250cc class from MotoGP racing at Indianapolis is with a new Snake Pit complex the start-finish line before down the Turn 1 short and into the infield section.

The is composed of three columns for the 125cc and 250cc classes) and approximately 20 riders. Grid are decided in descending order of speed, the fastest on the ‘pole’ or position. Races last 45 minutes, each race a from start to finish pitting for fuel or tyres.

In a flag-to-flag rule for MotoGP was Previously, if a race started dry and fell, riders or officials red-flag (stop) the race and restart or resume on ‘wet’ Now, if rain falls a flag is shown, indicating riders can pit to swap the motorcycle on they started the race for an one, as long as the tyres are (that is, intermediates instead of or slicks instead of wets)[1].

different tyres, the wet-weather have steel brake and different brake pads of the carbon discs and pads on the ‘dry’ bikes. This is the carbon brakes need to be hot to function properly, and the water them too much. The suspension is ‘softened’ up somewhat for the wet weather.

a rider crashes, track upstream of the incident wave a flag, prohibiting passing in area; one corner farther a stationary yellow flag is Passing in an area of the track by a yellow flag is prohibited; if a rider cannot be evacuated from the track, the race is

Motorcycle crashes are usually one of two lowside, with the rider following his upended bike, and the dangerous highside, with the ejected ahead of the machine. use of traction control has made much less frequent.

to one estimate, leasing a top-level for a rider costs about 3 to 3.5 dollars for a racing season. [ 3 ]

As a of the 2008–2009 financial crisis, is undergoing changes in an effort to cut Among them are reducing practice sessions; banning suspension, launch control and composite brakes; extending the of engines; and reducing testing [ 4 ]

Chronology [ edit ]

1949: of the world championship in Grand motorcycle racing.

1957: Mondial and Moto Guzzi at the end of the season.

1958: MV Agusta win the and rider’s championships in all 4 solo

1959: MV Agusta retain all solo titles. Honda the Isle of Man TT for the first time.

1960: MV Agusta retain all 8 again.

1962: First of 50cc class.

1966: wins the constructor’s championship in all 5 classes.

1967: Final of unrestricted numbers of cylinders and

1968: Giacomo Agostini (MV wins both 350cc and titles.

1969: As 1968.

As 1968.

1971: As 1968.

As 1968. Death of Gilberto at the Isle of Man TT, multiple world Giacomo Agostini and other boycott the next 4 events on of safety.

1973: Deaths of Saarinen and Renzo Pasolini at the round at Monza.

1974: The RG500 is the first square-4 in the class.

1975: Giacomo (Yamaha) wins the 500cc Yamaha was the first non European to win the rider’s championship.

1976: Sheene wins the first champioship for Suzuki.The FIM gives in to the boycotting of the Isle of Man TT, and the round is off the calendar.

1977: Barry wins the 500cc class. The Grand Prix moves the Isle of Man TT to the British mainland.

Kenny Roberts(Yamaha) wins the class.

1979: As 1978

As 1978. Patrick Pons 500cc) and Malcolm White Phil Love) (sidecar) are … in the British GP at Silverstone.

Marco Lucchinelli (Suzuki) the 500cc class

1982: Uncini (Suzuki) wins the class. The Yamaha OW61 is the first V4 in the 500cc class.

Jock Taylor (passenger Johansson)(Windle-Yamaha) is … at the Finnish GP. Imatra is subsequently removed the GP calendar.

1984: Michelin radial tyres in GPs.

Push starts are eliminated.

Wayne Rainey wins the 500cc race using brakes, at the British GP.

1988: Heck (passenger Andreas is … during free in the French sidecar GP.

1989: Palazzese (Aprilia) is … in German GP at Hockenheim.

1990: grid switches from 5 to 4 per row.

1992: Honda NSR500 with big bang

1993: Shinichi Itoh and NSR500 break the 200mph barrier at the German GP at Hockenheim.

Nobuyuki Wakai (Suzuki) is during the practice session of the GP in Spain.

1994: Simon passenger of Yoshisada Kumagaya, on an is … in a crash involving outfits in the Sidecar GP at Hockenheim.

500cc switch to unleaded

2002: MotoGP replaces the class; 990cc four-strokes can now alongside 500cc two-strokes.

Daijiro Kato is … the Japanese GP MotoGP class at when he hits the barrier at Because of safety issues at (Formula One car driver Allan had a serious crash during the One car race the previous October resulting in a reprofiled 130R for known as 85R and 340R.).

2004: MotoGP grid from 4 to 3 bikes per row.

Makoto Tamada earns their first MotoGP at the Brazilian GP.

2005: MotoGP flag-to-flag rule, allowing to pit and switch to bikes fitted wet- weather tyres and if rain begins to fall

2007: MotoGP engine is restricted to 800cc four-strokes.

Dunlop drops out of MotoGP.

Michelin drops out of MotoGP and becomes the sole tire [ 5 ] [ 6 ]

2009: Kawasaki suspends activities for 2009 and considers team.

2010: Moto2 the 250cc GP two-… class. All are built for Moto2 by Honda and are 600cc in-line 4-cylinder

125bhp and rev up to 16000 rpm.

Moto2 rider Shoya is … in Misano.

2011: rider Marco Simoncelli in Sepang. [ 7 ]

2011: Suzuki from MotoGP at the end of the season.

Moto3 250cc four-… class replaces the 125cc class.

2012: MotoGP the maximum engine capacity to [ 8 ] and introduces Claiming Rule

Blata Elite 4.2

2013: Introduced, Knockout style. [ 9 ]

Riders [ edit ]

See List of Grand Prix racers

Top riders travel the to compete in the annual FIM World series. The championship is perhaps closely followed in Italy and home of many of the more riders early in the 21st As for the 2011 season, 25 riders of nations participated in the premier of the championship.

Champions [ edit ]

See List of Grand Prix racing World champions

The World Championship is awarded to the successful rider over a as determined by a points system on Grand Prix results.

Agostini is the most successful in Grand Prix history, 15 titles to his name (8 in the 500cc and 7 in the 350cc class). The most rider of all time was Mike winning 10 out of 12 (83%) races, in the class, in the 1966 season. Doohan, who won 12 out of 15 (80%) of the 500cc in the 1997 Grand Prix racing season also an honourable mention.

Valentino is the most successful contemporary having won 9 titles including 7 GP titles, and 1 each at 500cc, and 125cc levels. [ 10 ] The current champion is Marc Márquez.

circuits [ edit ]

The MotoGP will consist of races at in 17 different countries. [ 11 ]

Qatar, Losail International Circuit

States, Austin, Circuit of the

Argentina, Autódromo Termas de Río

Spain, Jerez de la Frontera, de Jerez

France, Le Mans

Mugello Circuit

Spain, Circuit de Catalunya

Netherlands, TT Circuit Assen


United States, Indianapolis, Motor Speedway

Czech Brno, Masaryk Circuit

Kingdom, Silverstone Circuit

San Misano World Circuit Simoncelli

Spain, Aragon, Aragon

Malaysia, Sepang, Circuit

Australia, Phillip Grand Prix Circuit

Motegi, Twin Ring

Spain, Valencia, Circuit Tormo

Specifications [ edit ]

The shows the key specifications issues for class. It was also introduced for the year, that under 2.10.5: ‘No fuel on the may be more than 15K below temperature. The use of any device on the motorcycle to decrease the temperature of the fuel ambient temperature is forbidden.

No may include such a device.’ stops an artificial boost from increasing fuel by cooling it.

MotoGP class [ ]

Casey Stoner at MotoGP

At the beginning of the new MotoGP era in 2002, two-… or 990cc four-… were specified to race. The power advantage of the larger four-… engine over the meant that by the following no two-… bikes were In 2007, the maximum engine was reduced to 800cc without the existing weight restriction. motorcycles are not restricted to any specific configuration.

However, the number of employed in the engine determines the permitted minimum weight; the of the extra cylinders acts as a of handicap. This is necessary for a given capacity, an engine more cylinders is capable of more power. If comparable to … ratios are employed, an with more cylinders have a greater piston and a shorter ….

The increased area permits an increase in the valve area, allowing air and fuel to be drawn into the and the shorter … permits revs at the same piston allowing the engine to pump more air and fuel with the to produce more power, but more fuel consumption In 2004 motorcycles were with three-, four-and configurations. A six-cylinder engine was by Blata, but it did not reach the MotoGP

Presently four-cylinder engines to offer the best compromise weight, power, and fuel as all competitors in the 2009 series use solution in either ‘V’ or configuration.

In 2002, the FIM became at the advances in design and engineering resulted in higher speeds the race track; regulation related to weight, amount of fuel and engine capacity introduced. The amended rules engine capacity to 800cc 990cc and restricted the amount of fuel for race distance 26 litres (5.7impgal; 6.9USgal) in 2004 to 21 litres (4.6impgal; in year 2007 and onwards. In the minimum weight of four-cylinder used by all participating teams was by 3kg (6.6lb).

The highest speed for a MotoGP in 125cc category is 249.76km/h by Valentino Rossi in 1996 for and the top speed in the history of MotoGP is (218mph), set by Valentino Rossi a Ducati Desmosedici during Practice 3 at the 2012 Italian Grand Prix. [ 12 ]

On December 11, the Grand Prix Commission that the MotoGP class switch to the 1,000cc motor starting in the 2012 season. displacement will be limited to maximum cylinders would be to four, and maximum bore be capped at 81mm (3.2 [ 13 ] Carmelo Ezpeleta, the CEO of Dorna indicated that the projected were received by the teams [ 14 ]

From 2012, teams not by one of the major manufacturers may seek Rule Team (CRT) CRT is intended to allow independent to be competitive at a lower cost and the number of entries in MotoGP. CRT will benefit from restrictive rules on the number of that may be used in a season, and the allowance during a race be larger. Under the ‘Claiming CRT teams agree to allow up to of their engines per season to be after a race, by one of the major teams at a cost of €20,000 including transmission, or €15,000 for the engine alone. [ 15 ]

Moto2 [ edit ]

Moto2 is the 600cc class, launched in 2010 to the traditional 250cc two-… Engines are produced by Honda; [ 16 ] by Dunlop and electronics will be and supplied only by FIM sanctioned with max cost set at 650 EUR. brakes will be banned and steel brakes will be

However, there will be no limitations. From 2010 only 600cc four-… machines are allowed. [ 17 ]

Moto3 [ edit ]

The 125cc class was in 2012 by the Moto3 class. class is restricted to single-cylinder four-… engines with a bore of 81mm (3.2 The minimum total weight for and rider is 148kg (326lb).

in the Moto3 class cannot be than 28 years, or 25 years for new riders participating for the first and wild-cards.

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