12 Июн 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Vincent-HRD отключены
Vincent Black Prince

From GracesGuide


Vincent Motorcycles . the makers of the fastest motorcycles, began the purchase of HRD. less the premises, by Phil Vincent in HRD. was founded by the British RAF Howard Raymond Davies. who was down and captured by the Germans in Legend has it that it was while a of war that he conceived the idea of his own motorcycle, and contemplated how he might that.

It was not until 1924 Davies entered into with E. J. Massey. trading as HRD Various models were generally powered by JAP (J. A. Prestwich ) engines.

Unfortunately, even HRD motorcycles won races the company ran at a and in January 1928 it went voluntary liquidation. The company was bought by Ernest Humphries of for the factory space, and the HRD name, tools, patterns, and remaining were subsequently offered for again.

The legend has it that Vincent dreamt of building a motorcycle bearing his own name, as Davies had, but rather start from scratch he to start production under an name.

He had built a motorcycle of his own in and in 1928 had registered a patent for a rear suspension of his own design. In Philip Vincent left University with an engineering and, with the backing of his wealth, acquired the trademark, and remaining components of HRD from for £500.

The company was promptly Vincent HRD Co and production moved to in Hertfordshire. The new trademark had Vincent in small letters above HRD in ones.

After World War II, had an export drive to repay its war and the USA was the largest market for motorcycles, so in the HRD was dropped from the name to any confusion with the HD of Harley-Davidson. and the became The Vincent .

In 1929 the Vincent-HRD motorcycle used a JAP engine in a Vincent-designed cantilever Some early bikes Rudge Python engines. But a disastrous 1934 Isle of Man TT, engine problems and all three failing to finish, Philip (with Phil Irving) to build their own engines.

Vincent also experimented three-wheeled vehicles, amphibious and automobiles. In 1932 the first the Vincent Bantam appeared, by a 293cc sv JAP or 250cc Villiers It was a 2.5 cwt delivery van with a car seat and a wheel.

The Bantam cost and the windscreen and hood option £5-10-0. Production ceased in

In 1931 Phil Irving Vincent as chief engineer. His engine design was an OHV 500cc engine in 1934. The standard was known as the Meteor and the sports was the Comet; it was distinguished from Vincent engines of that by the Series-A prefix. There was a TT called the Comet Special, used a bronze head.

The motor produced 26bhp at

An unusual feature of the valve for these motors was the double guides, and the attachment of the forked arm to a shoulder between the guides, to side forces on the valve and ensure maximum valve under racing conditions.

The Comet could do 90mph, but and his racing customers wanted Legend has it that Irving placed a wrong side up of the Vincent 500 motor on top of an equally drawing of the same motor in a manner that it formed a V Moving it so that it would fit in the 47.5° V twin which in 1936. (The single forward 23.75°.).

With compression, it produced 45bhp.

The V-twin motorcycle incorporated a of new and innovative ideas, some of were more successful others.

1936 The Vincent-HRD A Rapide was introduced in October Its frame incorporated motorcycling’s cantilever rear suspension, was used on all Vincents produced 1936 through 1955. innovations included foot instead of hand-operated gearlever, a gearbox instead of two or three, and a stand.

Pneumatic forks not to be a Vincent innovation, with Phils believing girder were superior at the time. The had external oil lines and a separate The 998cc Series A Rapide cost $600, produced and was capable of 110 miles per hour.

The horsepower meant that the and clutch did not cope well.

In Phil Irving went to for Velocette but returned to Vincent in 1943. Vincent primarily munitions, but Vincent engines used in boats and portable during the war, and the end of hostilities saw ready to return to motorcycle

WWII Manufactured parts for the De Mosquito

The Series B Rapide . during the war and released to the press end of hostilities, looked radically from the A: now the oil pipes were and the gearbox was part of the engine (Unit Construction). The angle the cylinders was now 50° instead of the 47.5° of the A engine.

This allowed the use of the as a stressed member of the frame, consisted of an oil-tank spine the engine hanging below, and the and rear suspension attached at the Vincent called it a diamond This was considered sensational at the and the arrangement was not seen again the late seventies.

The cantilever became the most widely form of rear suspension for and the use of the engine-gearbox unit as a stressed became more usual. The B was also the first road to be equipped with twin Brakes were dual shoe (SLS), front and

The 55.5-inch wheelbase was three shorter than the Series A . and its were more like a bike of the time.

A more hydraulic shock absorber and assembly replaced the old twin and friction damper. The rear was supported by a sub-frame down to the frame pivot point, a semi-sprung seat with 6 of suspension.

From today’s it seems incongruous that could see the need for, and a cantilever rear suspension, as as incorporate so many other new yet use Brampton girder forks friction dampers up front. The two felt that the telescopic of the time were prone to flex, so they persisted girder forks, and did use hydraulic in the Series C Girdraulic forks.

The Series C Rapide differed the Series B in having Girdraulic forks – which were forks with hydraulic

The Black Shadow . capable of and easily recognised by its black and gearbox unit, and large speedometer, was introduced. The engine 55bhp at 5700rpm in Black trim.

The Black Lightning was a racing of the Black Shadow . with necessary steel part on it could be, remade in aluminium, and not essential removed altogether, the weight from 458lb to Every bit the racer, it had a single seat and rear-set footrests.

The Meteor and Comet singles introduced, along with a racer, the Grey Flash . The Flash racer used gears, for the greater choice of available. The 500cc bikes a wet multiplate clutch, while the V-twins used a dry, servo clutch.

Most were painted black. In a White Shadow was available, but fifteen were sold, and the was dropped in 1952. In 1950, Red Comets were shipped to the States. There were thirty-one of the 1948 Grey built. (See production

In 1949 HRD. was dropped the name, and the logo now simply Vincent.

The term Series D was not by the factory, but was taken as a natural by the motorcycling world. With falling, Vincent tried two new high-speed touring models; the enclosed Vincent Victor (an Comet), the Black Knight (an Rapide) and the Black Prince (an Shadow). They were received by the public.

A short-lived version of the Black Prince was produced. There was still a D Comet

Sales declined after the post war motorcycling owing to the availability of cheaper cars, so not many Series D were made. A growing association between motorcycles and gangs in the late fifties was giving motorcycling a bad name.

It was with the introduction in 1948 of the race-prepared Vincent Black that Vincent produced the legendary motorcycle of its time. The Lightning was advertised as ‘The Fastest Standard Motorcycle’ This is a fact, not a slogan! a claim it could have right up until the release of the Kawasaki Z1 . twenty years in 1972. (This same had been made in advertising for the earlier, fastest Vincents ).

thirty Vincent Black were built between and 1952. They were on special order, selling for

The Black Lightning had magnesium brake backing plates, tires on lightweight alloy rear-set pegs, a solo seat and aluminum fenders. All helped trim the Lightning’s to 380lb. (The Black was 458lb).

The Black Lightning had higher cams, stronger connecting bigger inlet ports, rocker gear, steel gears, racing carburetors, a magneto and could be ordered compression ratios from to 12.5:1. The engine was rated at and was said to propel the Black to 150mph

The proof of the advertisement’s came in 1948, when an motorcycle dealer, Rollie riding the very first Black Lightning built, the motorcycle speed record to on Utah’s Bonneville Salt Initially wearing full he could only achieve and his leathers had been flapping so at that speed as to tear.

He his riding apparel, and wearing a cap, speedos, and a pair of set out for another attempt, and set the new record. A car with photographer aboard and took the famous bathing bike picture.

1953 successful record attempts, publicity relating to problems the gearbox selector camplate America’s buying enthusiasm. A new mechanism was incorporated for 1953, but the damage had already been

1954 Russell Wright set a New speed record of 140mph on a Lightning at the Tram Road Trials. At the meeting he met Rapide Robert Bob Burns who had built a shell for a sidecar record They formed a partnership for Bob to a streamliner shell sidecar record attempt.

In December Bob Burns went first and set a new (Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme) Sidecar record of 157mph, up 154mph. On the 2nd of July 1955, Wright set a new F.I.M. world record of 185mph on the Tram at Swannanoa, near Christchurch, Bob Burns upped his sidecar to 163.06mph.

1954 Listed as Engineers (Stevenage) Ltd

The Firefly was a clip on engined bicycle from 1953 to 1955 licence from Miller. who suppliers of electrical components to It was also known as the Vincent Cycle.

By 1954, Vincent was in an increasingly difficult situation. In the for solvency, Vincent looked for to improve their position. The idea was revived.

In 1932 the 3-wheeler, the Vincent Bantam . was introduced. Powered by a 293cc sv JAP or Villiers engine, it was a 2.5cwt van which used a car seat and wheel rather than the motorcycle saddle and handlebars. The was priced at £57-10-0 and a windscreen and for an additional £5-10-0, ceased 1936 – the first year of the A motorcycle.

1954 Introduced a stationary Model 75 (75cc) [1]

In 1954/1955, due to sales of motorcycles, a one off prototype powered by a Vincent Rapide engine was unofficially named . To keep development and production low, it used a parts including pieces from motorcycles, as well as wheels from a Morris Minor and a based on the materials used in the Knight/Prince . With the standard engine the Polyphemus could 90mph, and reached 117mph a Black Lightning engine in

After several more the then named Vincent was offered to the public in 1955 at – a high price for any vehicle of the (the BMC Mini launched six later for £100), especially for a with no reverse gear, starter or hood. Vincent none.

Vincent motorcycles hand built and expensive only a total of 11,000 were sold post-World War II.

A slump in 1954 forced the to manufacture NSU mopeds. Only of the two-… 1955 NSU-Vincent Fox were built. There was an ohv four-… NSU-Vincent 98cc, and also sold the NSU Quickly too well it appears (selling 20,000 in one year – a foot to how the market had changed again), as NSU control of its own sales after a

1955 At a Vincent Owners’ dinner in the summer of 1955, Vincent announced that the could no longer continue in the of heavy losses and that of motorcycles would cease immediately.

In 1955, one week Christmas, the last Vincent off the production line and was promptly The Last .

The factory then to general engineering, the manufacture of engines, and there was the Amanda scooter, possibly the first watercraft. A Vincent engineer his life testing it, drowning at

Vincent tried for a government supplying motors for the ML Aviation target aircraft. The motor had to be of passing prolonged full operation tests. This was the Picador project. The Vincent was upgraded with a better Scintilla magneto, double oil pump and fuel injection.

Vincent Black Prince

They did not get a contract.

1959 The went into receivership in It has since been bought and by other engineering firms.

In Phil Vincent declared Vincent parts would be available and indeed they are available, through the Vincent Club . Vin Parts International and sources.

1949 Vincent Series “C” Black Lightning 998 Vincent HRD 1949

1950 Grey Flash Vincent HRD

List of Models

Vincent-HRD: Prince 1954-55

Vincent-HRD: Knight 1954-55

Vincent-HRD: Shadow

Vincent-HRD: Rapide

: Black Lightening


250 cc Bantam trike delivery van

500 cc Meteor

1934 500 cc Comet

500 cc Comet Special (TT replica)

1000 cc Series-A Rapide

1000 cc Series-B Rapide

500 cc Series-C Meteor

1948 500 cc Comet

1948 500 cc Series-C Flash

1948 1000 cc Rapide

1948 1000 cc Black Shadow

1948 cc Series-C Black Lightning

1000 cc Series-C White

1950 500 cc Series-C Red Comet

Vincent-HRD: Firefly 45 cc Firefly (or Cycle)

1954 1000 cc Black Knight (Faired

1954 1000 cc Series-D Prince (Faired Shadow)

50 cc NSU Quickly

1955 1000 cc Wheeler

1955 123 cc NSU Fox

Vincent Black Prince
Vincent Black Prince
Vincent Black Prince
Vincent Black Prince
Vincent Black Prince


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