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Sachs Big Roadster V 3.8

American Motorsports Timeline

January 8, 2010

Compiled by Crucean

Indy attempted to cars even further by reducing fuel consumption to gallons it did not. Magnaflux were used for the first at Indy. Parts were then dipped in oil containing filings to reveal cracks.

And also placed asphalt over the rough bricks in in the corners.

With the sandy at Daytona too short and rough for 300 mph speed attempts (causing numbers to fall), former big car and LSR Sig Haugendahl suggested building a mile course using 1 mile of paved highway and 1 mile of beach. At completion, the AAA a 250 mile stock car race. The purse attracted a large including Indy 500 winner Cummings, Bill Schindler, Doc and Bob Sall.

The race was won by Milt in a Ford after it was stopped at 200 due to track deterioration. Bill finished fifthand his imagination was (3-8-1936).

The Vanderbilt Trophy Vanderbilt Cup) was revived and on a road and dirt circuit at Airfield, Long Island, NY. Nuvolari, who was the last entry, won the 300 in an Alfa.

After the 21st man was the Legion Ascot Speedway in Los closed (it had opened in 1924.) Top of

Indy began to open to more pure racing as the worst of the depression was over. The 366 ci was retained but superchargers were and fuel consumption limits lifted.

The Vanderbilt Trophy was run a time on dirt tracks the runways of Roosevelt Air-Field. Rosemeyer won in an Auto Union Dick Seaman and Rex Mays. Top of

Indy dropped the unpopular 366 cu displacement and set a new limit of 274 inches. And seaters were back. For the time in a decade, the Indy and formulas were the same. Top of

Chicago industrialist Mike bought three Maseratis, the cars at Indy to use torsion Wilber Shaw won in the Boyle a Maserati. Defending winner Roberts was … during the

Indy paved all but the middle of the main straightaway with The unpaved section remained And Carl Fisher, the driving behind the building of the Speedway in Miami of sclerosis of the liver Top of page

The Ed Walsh owned, Tom 7-Up Spl. #28, by Sam Hanks, qualified for the Indy Although the car was a re-design and rebuild of an old chassis, Frank Kurtis considered this his first car. The car crashed in practice a day to the race and did not compete.

A race fire in the Indy garages 3 cars and caused much

WWII brought an end to racing in the US and In the years prior to the war, racing was dominated by the German and Auto Union teams had the full support of Hitler. The rear engine Auto inspired Harry Miller to the rear engine Gulf-Millers for racing. Top of page

During the 1945 period, the AAA ceased all activities due to the war (2-1942) and later, the US ordered auto racing to end war’s end effective 7-10-42 later to 7-30-42). Harry died in poverty of facial in Detroit (1943). The Sports Car of America (SCCA) was formed by sports car enthusiasts in Boston

Rickenbacker sold the dilapidated Motor Speedway to Terre IN businessman Anton “Tony” for $700,000 Hulman appointed Shaw, who helped facilitate the as president (11-14-1945). War driven provided advancements that impact racing going e.g. high stress techniques, radial tires, alloy wheels, disc fuel injection, turbochargers, construction and higher octane Indy retained the pre-war but reduced car weight to encourage of the lighter weight, Offy dirt track cars. Top of

George Robson’s Sparks was and is only the second 6 cylinder to win the Indy 500. Ray Harroun in was the other.

Fred Offenhauser his engineering company to three-time winner Louie Meyer and Drake (who promptly Leo Goossen).

Bill France to promote a 100 mile stock car in Charlotte. Seeking an AAA sanction, he Jim Lamb, secretary of the AAA Contest Lamb refused to extend a telling France “We are interested in the big stuff”. Top of page

In a in the Streamline Hotel in Daytona William Henry Getty oversaw the formation of NASCAR

A group of top Indy drivers a union, ASPAR, and threatened to the 500 unless their demands met (their use of collective bargaining was much like CART’s later in the 1990’s). The Speedway firm and the union collapsed. its actions, in concert with weather during the late cut the starting field to only 30 Top of page

Bill France NASCAR with himself as owner (2-21-1948). Six days France held NASCAR’s race on the beach at Daytona. It was won by Red who went on to win the first championship he was a modified stock car (NASCAR’s Stock” class, which evolve into the Grand Cup/Nextel Cup class, did not run its initial until next year).

The Pat six-wheeler, driven by Billy to 12th place at Indy, was the to use magnesium wheels. And mechanical injection, developed by Stuart and Jim Travers, first appeared at the Jimmy Jackson qualified the front drive car 7th but switched to carburetors for the race.

The AAA crowned the national midget champion, Roy Top of page

NASCAR conducted its “Strictly Stock” race at NC, Speedway, a three-quarter mile dirt oval (6-19-1949). It was won by Jim in a Lincoln (which he had driven to the from Kansas). The initial Glen Dunaway, who was driving a (which was also used to whiskey), was disqualified for illegal (stiffer rear springs).

Red won the second race at Daytona in an Oldsmobile on 7-10-1948 and went on to win the championship. Top of page

At Indy, designed and built by Frank are successful and ubiquitous. Twenty-five drivers, many from the coast midget and roadster passed their driving

On March 8, 1950 the AAA announced it sanction stock car racing for the time since before

In Europe, the FIA established a World Prix Driving Championship for its 1 cars. Italy’s Giuseppe was the first champion. Argentina’s Manuel Fangio made his F1

The FIA also established a Formula 3 for 500 cc cars. As an indication of racing’s an English garage owner Charles Cooper began a run in F3 with a rear engine design. His successes eventually carry him and his chassis concept to the levels in racing.

Hershel of Portland, OR. won the initial Carrera Road Race in a 1950 88. The race was a grueling, 6 day, mile race from in the North to El Ocotal in the South. The event was designed to celebrate the of the new Panamerican Highway. Top of page

at Indy increased due to improved car The Conze brothers were the to use disc brakes (developed for at Indy. And Frank Kurtis the first to use a wind tunnel for design.

In late 1951, utilized a wind tunnel at the of Kansas while building the Diesel Spl. which start the 1952 Indy 500 the pole.

A NASCAR race, the City 250, which was run on the one dirt oval at the Michigan in Detroit, featured 15 American Chrysler, Oldsmobile, Ford, Plymouth, Pontiac, Chevrolet, Hudson, Packard, Lincoln, Kaiser, Cadillac, and Buick

In what is reported to be stock car first “factory deal”, gave Marshall Teague monthly plus a new Hornet to for the company.

So so won the Carrera Panamerica Race in a blah. A new category for the sports cars was won by Piero in a Ferrari 212. This the race reversed course, north to south. Top of page

engines and the Kurtis chassis Indy. Of 33 starters, 29 are Offys and 20 were built by Kurtis. Engine had Kurtis design a car for their 401 ci diesel. Kurtis down the engine on its side, the drive shaft to run along the of the car.

This permitted the Fred Agabashian, to sit beside than straddle the driveshaft. The center of gravity car design was a “roadster”. Agabashian started the pole but dropped out early supercharger trouble. A new roadster was also built by Kurtis

for Howard Keck (the Injection Engineering Spl.). by Bill Vukovich, the model dominated the 500 until the steering with only 8 laps Troy Ruttman, in a traditional track chassis built by employee Eddie Kuzma, was

Chuck Stevenson, the 1952 AAA driving champion, won the Carrera race in a Lincoln at an average of 91.41 mph. The large car class was won by Karl Kling in a Mercedes. Top of page

The Indy 500 was by the oppressive heat and the many drivers who participatedand by the dominance of Vukovich and his Kurtis roadster.

Stevenson again won the Carrera in a Lincoln. Juan Fangio won the sports car class with his D24.

The first flag-to-flag radio of the Indy 500 occurred. Previously, bulletins and occasional live reports began in 1922.

year old AJ Foyt won his first a 5 lap trophy dash in a midget at Arrow-head Speedway in Houston, TX On 9-22-1053 Foyt made his AAA in a midget event at Oklahoma OK. He was 28th fastest in quals and 4th in the semi-feature. Top of page

In the fall, introduced its new V-8 engine. The popular took over the performance and spawned an even greater aftermarket.

Ray Crawford won the final Panamerica race in a Lincoln. The sports car class was won by Umberto in a Ferrari 375 over teammate Hill. The inaugural race was in 1950, however, it was abandoned the 1954 event due to the many fatalities. Top of page

Bob Sweikert’s win in the 500 in a Kurtis KK500C roadster was the win for Kurtis in the last six years it was his last. Sweikert also the AAA national champ and Mid-west car champion (never before However, the titles were the for AAA which began its involvement in in 1909. Tragedy hit hard several deaths including two Indy winner Bill

In Europe, former world Alberto Ascari was … at And, on 6-12-1955, 83 spectators … and over 100 injured in worst

accident which at Le Mans, France. Racing was banned in Switzerland, Mexico A ban was proposed in Congress but it failed.

The AAA involvement with domestic and was replaced by the newly formed States Auto Club Top of page

At Indy, two-thirds of the field were Kurtis however, Pat Flaherty won in a roadster by A.J. Watson who based his car around the Kurtis he had wrenched to with Sweikert the previous USAC’s inaugural national was Jim Bryan, driving the Dean Van Spl. with Clint as chief mechanic. Top of page

The 500 tradition of giving the pre-race “Gentlemen, start your was begun.

The Race of Two Worlds at Italy was conducted on 6-29-1957. as a race between the best of and Europe, it failed as no European or drivers raced. Jimmy in the Dean Van Lines Spl. was the

In the Formula One GP at Monaco, a rear Cooper chassis, powered by a 2 litre Coventry Climax made its debut. Financed by Scot Rob Walker, the car finished with Jack Brabham Top of page

The Race of Two Worlds was held at Monza. This with Formula One drivers and participating. Jim Rathmann was the winner in the Zink Offy.

Paul driving a Pontiac, won the last held on the sandy beach and circuit at Daytona Beach.

The GP was a battle between Mike and Luigi Musso in Ferraris and Moss in a blue Cooper The leading Ferraris pitted for while Moss did notand Moss’ car was owned by Rob Walker and was the rear engine car to score a GP thereby forever altering the of race car design.

In England, Mike Costin and Duckworth established Cosworth to develop racing engines Ford production engines. Top of

In Europe, rear engine were beginning to dominate. Brabham, in a 2.5 litre Cooper won the Formula One driving championship.

One returned to the US, racing at Hendrick near Sebring, FL. Twenty-two old Bruce McLaren became the ever (to date) to win an F1 race. winner Rodger Ward in a Kurtis chassis, Offy

The last championship car race to be won by a chassis was at Langhorne. Van Johnson won a 100 in a KK4000 dirt chassis

USAC mandated roll and long sleeve, flame uniforms for champ car racing.

France completed a 2.5 mile superspeedway at Daytona Beach, FL. The stock car race, the Daytona was won by Lee Petty in an Oldsmobile (2-22-1959).

to the Daytona 500, Marshall ran 171.82 mph during practice. It was the unofficial lap on an American closed His car was the streamlined Sumar Spl. an car (2-9-1959). Two days later, car spun, lifts then

Teague was … in what is first aero-related accident. Top of

The Indy 500 was the last in which all 33 were powered by an Offy.

Sachs Big Roadster V 3.8

Hill won the Italian GP in a Ferrari, the first American to win a GP since Murphy in 1921.

The US GP was held at CA. Sterling Moss, in a Lotus 18, the pole and won the race. Top of page

The Motor Speedway pave asphalt the brick section of the straightaway, leaving only a of bricks at the start/finish line.

world driving champion Brabham finished ninth in the 500 driving a rear-engine Cooper The car was similar to his 1960 GP championship car the suspension was modified and the engine was to the left. The smaller engined car was 10 mph than the regular roadsters on the but 5 mph faster in the turns.

The car was also fuel efficient.

American Hill won the world driving in a Ferrari, and became the first to do so.

Innes Ireland won the US GP at Watkins in a Lotus works car. Ireland was then fired by Chapman and replaced for 1962 by Jimmy Clark.

USAC their Eastern and Midwest car titles into a national which was won by Parnelli Jones. titles commenced in 1929 Mel Kenealy was crowned AAA Pacific Champion. Top of page

Dan Gurney Colin Chapman to visit and the 1962 Indy 500. For Chapman, in concert with Motor Co. combined energies and to produce the Lotus 29, powered by a 4.2 litre V-8. In qualifications, Jones put his 252 ci Offy roadster on the He also led much of the race.

starting Jim Clark, in the Lotus, ran him most of the race. Jones leaking oil and, amid over whether to use the black won the race with Clark It was not clear to all that rear technology was to be the future of the Indy

The Ford V-8 engine would win its race at Milwaukee later in the then go on to win a total of 85 victories. Top of

Of the 33 Indy 500 starters, 12 were engined. Clark, Dan Gurney and Bob were fastest in Lotus but were sidelined. AJ Foyt the last time for a front roadster.

The second lap Eddie MacDonald inferno brought out the red the first time the 500 was halted for an The fiery accident also in USAC banning gasoline. The also was the first to be broadcast on television (closed circuit, theatres, etc.). Top of page

Jim won the Indy 500 in a Lotus 38 the first at Indy for a rear engine Arnie Knepper finished in the Tassi Vatis owned Hot Spl. This was the last chassis to race at Indy. And Bob attempted to qualify the Chevy front wheel drive, Thompson built, Challenger at

He hit a speed of 153.374 mph. remains the fasted lap recorded for a wheel drive car.

The USAC championship car race to be won by a was at Phoenix and was won by Don Branson (3-28-1965). Top of

Graham Hill won the Indy 500 in a Ford and became the first to win since George Souders in The field included 24 Ford and 9 Offys. Of the Ford rear cars, 5 were built by Dan All-American Racers shop and known as Eagles.

Only 7 were running at the finish a Top of page

Andy Granatelli, Indy entrant, developed and a gas turbine for Parnelli Jones to The “Whooshmobile” and Jones dominated the but, with three remaining, a bearing failed the win to AJ Foyt, his third victory. Grim, in a Watson Turbo-Offy, the last front engine to make the field.

Jim Clark won the GP at Zandvoort in a Lotus powered by the DFV engine. The engine became one of the dominant in racing history, winning 155 grands prix 17 years. The engine, in its DFX form, make its Indy debut in and would begin to dominate racing.

Dan Gurney, in his own Eagle was victorious in the Belgian GP at Spa. It was the all American (car and driver) win Jimmy Murhpy and Duesenberg in And, following his victory in the 24 event at Le Mans, Gurney the now common practice of spraying lane celebrants with Top of page

Colin Chapman and Granatelli entered turbine Lotus 56 chassis in the Indy Offenhauser developed a turbocharged to compete with the Fords and Thirteen cars in the race Offies including Bobby in a Gurney Eagle chassis. Jim who was scheduled to drive one of the turbines, was in a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim his car hit a tree. His place on the team was by Mike Spence who was then during practice at Indy.

Lotus teammates Joe Leonard and Art saw their turbines stop race end, each victory in sight. Unser’s won. The turbine era became

The first USAC championship to be run at night, under the arcs, was at Nazareth on the 1.125 dirt oval. The race was won by Al Unser. And Dan became the first to wear a face, “Bell Star” during the 500.

Mario and his Lotus 49B won the pole position at the US Prix in his very first Top of page

The first USAC race to be run in the rain was at Seattle Raceway, a 2.25 mile course. The race was won by Al Unser. Top of

Treadless tires, or slicks, used for the first time at Top of page

USAC separated its tracks from its national circuit and formed a separate division. Now the Indy car national was determined exclusively on pavement. Top of

At Indy, the addition of bolt-on wings increased speeds In 1971, Peter Revson had a fast lap of 178.696 mph. In Bobby Unser’s pole speed in his turbo-Offy Eagle was an incredible 17 mph increase.

The McLaren of Roger Penske, driven by Bettenhausen and Mark Donohue fast with Bettenhausen the race. But mechanical problems him and Donohue went on to win, scoring McLaren’s first

AJ Foyt won the Daytona 500 stock car becoming the first driver to win the Indy 500 and Le Mans. Top of page

All 33 at Indy were turbocharged, 22 of were Offys which 1000 hp. Johnny Rutherford hit in a McLaren. Eagle chassis used by 26 of the 33. Art Pollard was … in

A chain reaction crash on the lap badly injured Salt and 13 fans who were sprayed burning fuel. Rains the race then postponed it the third day. Early Swede Savage hit the wall, his Eagle and … days

A pit mechanic was struck and … by a truck. It rained again a restart and officials ended the declaring leader Gordon the winner in a Eagle Offy.

The powerful closed track car built to date was the 5.4 litre, Can-Am Porsche Spyder produced 1,100 hp (it remains to The car was driven by Mark Donohue. The 12 car was owned by Roger Penske.

opened its sprint and midget to rear engine equipment. In Tom Sneva scored 6 wins and 5 times in 17 races driving a engine car. Top of page


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