Moto Guzzi

26 Апр 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Moto Guzzi отключены
Moto Guzzi V35 Imola

Moto Guzzi

They the First World War: Parodi was a military pilot, and Guzzi — his mechanic. peace came, they to start producing motorcycles. took over the design of the and Parodi — the organization of (venture funded by his father, the of the steamship lines). The experimental were carrying the brand GP (ie but March 21, 1921 the newly company was registered under the of Societa Anonima Moto

Designed by Carlo Guzzi completely departed from the canons in those years at least with regard to the unit. The cylinder is horizontal, and base Guzzi made … engine (88×82 mm, 499 Conspicuous huge outdoor

Carlo applied prevalent in years a gas distribution system one above the other valves in the head but did not put an inlet valve (a of the days when this is activated by the vacuum), and the outlet. transfer led to a hard-docked three-stage The power unit was enclosed in a frame duplex with a rear suspension, front was a parallelogram.

The car weighed 130 kg and the engine of 8.5 hp clocked it up to a speed of 85 km / h Motorcycles on a design scheme, the company Guzzi released until

At the urging of Parodi was elected in the efficient way to advertise those — competing. Already in Gino Finzi won the prestigious Targa Florio. By 1923, has a special racing model 2VВ» with OHV 18-horsepower

And next season on the road out with engine with heads and cylinder overhead he developed the power of 25 hp Guido on this bike won the Grand of Europe. Soon after his and 250-cc version of the machine, the in a race, then in road The outstanding novelty Carlo introduced in 1928 — the В«GTВ» with sprung wheel.

The pendulum suspension, with friction dampers, was a (side view) design, in springs were under the Motor power (still stacked valves) was adjusted to 12 hp, the engine, and stood on the model of 14 with unsprung rear In 1929, the company has mastered the three-wheeled motorcycle truck.

type of transport used popularity, so their production until 1980.

The drop in during the crisis 30 years a revival of the design of Moto In 1932, in addition to the 250-cc and road machines, the company the P175 with a 174 — cc capacity of 7 hp In 1933 she made her a new series of 500-cc machines overhead valve engines, gearbox with foot and sprung rear wheels 19-strong В«GTVВ» and a 23-strong But the flagship of the company was to be introduced in model В«Tri CilindriВ» three-cylinder OHV 495 cc engine with 25 hp complex and expensive machine is not the enthusiasm of buyers and Moto managed to make only 12

Yet it is to increase the number of cylinders Guzzi saw the path to success, at on the race track. Back in he tried out the bike with a 492-cc OHV four-cylinder engine with a compressor. Although unit has given as much as 45 it proved to be too unreliable to be much successful was developed in 1933 the construction of a two-cylinder V-twin motor.

For better refinement chose camber 120 В°, placing the cylinder horizontally. Overhead (one per head) had a drive and a pair of bevel gears. The produces maximum power of 40 HP, by it was adjusted to 45 hp At the same engine in the new chassis with a sprung wheel.

On this bike Woods won the race Tourist in 1935, and a one-cylinder 250-cubic — and the race in the 250 cm3.

the Second World War, the produced an army motorcycle (alce — elk), with a 499 cc engine (with valves) a power of 13.2 HP and its with a drive carriage Total Army has received than 8,000 of these Fortunately, located away major cities plant is not by the bombing and was able to quickly set up of motorcycles for civilian use.

with the resumption of pre-war models — the 250-cubic (heron) and 500 bottoms В«GTVВ» the company introduced in 1946, the motorcycle В«GuzzinoВ». Designed by a engineer Antonio Mucicci, machine did not have anything to do the traditional pattern — two-… engine (65 cm3, 2 hp) a rotary slide valve a three-stage gearbox, ridged frame, floating axle a spring element in pendulum front parallelogram fork. it was this easy to manufacture became the sales leader in Italy.

The company then a reconstruction of the pre-war models. In В«AironeВ» got a telescopic front Along with the standard with an engine capacity of 9.5 hp production version of В«Airone power 13.5 hp and the maximum 118 km / h In place of the В«GTVВ» in 1949, the model В«AstoreВ» (hawk) 499 cc engine capacity of 19.5 HP, front and rear suspension hydraulic shock absorbers.

Released next year model В«FalconeВ» (Falcon, 499 23 hp, 135 km / h), strangely enough, has returned to the dampers. Moreover, in 1953 the from В«AstoreВ» installed in the В«FalconeВ» — this is called В«Falcone TurismoВ». At the time, the company expanded its of light patterns designed The growing boom roller said in a 1950 model (cockerel), a strange symbiosis a motorcycle and scooter.

Designed in the of Moto Guzzi engine a horizontal single-cylinder overhead unit (160 hp 6.4 cm3), with a three-stage gearbox, in the tunnel between the rider’s The car had 17-inch wheels, and another — spare — was in front of the front shield In 1952, a machine put four-speed and 175-cc engine capacity of 7 HP in brought an engine capacity of up to 192 and capacity — up to 7.5 hp Ironically, caught: he will be released 1966 and during that have made more 70 thousand cars.

Another Mucicci debuted in 1953 an easy bike В«ZigoloВ» two-… 98 cc engine (4 hp in the standard and 6.8 hp in the sport), three-stage transmission, front fork, rear with friction dampers and over the space between the and the fuel tank. In 1959, received 110-cc engine of 4.8 hp chrome-plated cylinder bore and shock absorbers rear

And to replace the Guzzini in 1954 an upgraded model of В«CardellinoВ» in 1956, received a telescopic fork instead of a parallelogram. In its engine displacement increased to 73 and power — up to 2.6 hp After rejuvenation in 1962, these were up to 83 cm 3 and 2.9 hp.

Racing department the war led engineer Giulio Carcano. For the 1949 he upgraded the old-style single-cylinder (249 cm3, 28 cm3 and 489 hp, 34 hp) and a 494-cubic (45 HP). They got a low silhouette (Carcano believed effect on the controllability of a low center of of short-and front forks.

Ruffo became world in the 250 cm3. The following year, on the Moto Guzzi in this took place from to fifth, but lost the title. responded to the challenge of creating an with two overhead camshafts and heads cylinders, but the design was not and he was engaged in the improvement of the old motor.

It has success: Ruffo again the world champion in 1951, and Lorenzetti — in 1952.

The season, the company Moto has decided to shift their to more cubic capacity If the 350-cubes race car was a direct of the 250-cubic (up to 326 cm3 of the bore design overhead camshaft), then in the senior class was designed new car with a longitudinally positioned engine (492 cm3 54 hp) with two camshafts with gear-driven, fuel injection system.

The power unit was also the landing gear bearing a lightweight tubular subframes to it front fork and rear of axle. Alas, in this car proved to be not at its best. But in the 350 cm3 class Fergus Anderson on a one-cylinder won the world title, Lorenzetti second place.

For the season Carcano has prepared a new single-cylinder car for in classes 350 and 500 cm3 with two overhead a tubular space frame, enabled a very low center of to put on, and covering the entire front of the fairing, tailored to the wind Anderson once again the world champion in the class of 350 and the Aussie Ken Kavanagh finished in the class of 500 cm3. Another Bill Lomas brought Guzzi championships in class 350 cm3 in and 1956.

In the summer of 1955 to the track, perhaps the most bike race of all time the new pyatisotkeВ» Moto Guzzi the eight-cylinder V-engine. Two cylinder at an angle of 90 В°, in each head two overhead camshafts. Fueled unit eight carburetors, coils provide eight and chopper. Liquid-cooled engine was with the four-speed gearbox designed the six-Carcano, but it was overkill) and was in a duplex frame cross.

1956 has developed 67 hp at 12,500 rev / min for the season brought power to 75 hp proved to be extremely greyhound, but he could not win a single race, a of the drivers’ championship. But the single-cylinder in 1957, brought to the treasury Moto Guzzi another in the class 350 cm3.

At the end of the same Moto Guzzi has entered a secret agreement with companies Mondial and В«GileraВ»: the giants, largely determined the of motorcycle racing in the 50s, at the time went from This decision was not a whim: the on the market of vehicles such as the 600, hit hard by the manufacturers of Saving on motor sports, were able to invest in the of new traffic patterns.

In April the company Moto Guzzi a completely new bike В«LodolaВ» — tilted forward at a 45 angle single-cylinder four-… (174 cm3, 9 hp) with an camshaft, chain driven, frame, telescopic front and rear floating axle hydraulic shock absorbers. In the company introduced a version of bike with the 235-cubic-Vym producing 11 hp Quite popular was in the same year bike (starling) — 123 cc 7-hp with locking rod drive top and slightly tilted forward lightweight duplex frame, front and rear floating In 1967, this car thoroughly power 123-cc engine was to 10 hp, 153-cc appeared variant 160 power of 12.7 hp In 1971, the of the two options was raised to 13 and 16 hp respectively, to replace the four-five-speed transmission.

Another lightweight motorcycle Mucicci appeared in 1963 the model В«DingoВ», with a 49 cc engine capacity of 1.5 hp, three-stage and pressed the cap frame. This Guzzi motorcycle manufactured 1979 in a variety of options. In he started a moped В«TrotterВ» a 41-cc engine capacity of hp and a two-stage gearbox. But not in the light of machines was the future of Moto

His three-wheeled ATV to have developed in the 50’s by order of the War Ministry. For machine Carcano developed a 704 cc V-engine with locking rod top flaps of the centrally located Then came the idea to use engine, building heavy for the Italian police — the

Finally, in autumn 1965 the saw a machine called В«V7 704-cc engine producing 50 coupled to a four-speed gearbox, mounted (on the location of the crankshaft) to the frame duplex. The drive to the wheel — drive On an assurance company, this unit was able to accelerate to 170 km / h this is not immediately able to

In 1966, the company was on the verge of and in fact came under control. Only in 1967 has mass production of two-cylinder — and it turned out that had already become obsolete. For update took engineer Tonti. First, in 1969, he a modernized В«V7 SpecialВ»; engine displacement to 748 cm3, and its to 60 HP, he also reduced the weight of the car to 228 kg.

In this car has received the American (high wheel, imposing and the name of В«V750 CalifornianВ». But the novelty of the year was the model SportВ», equipped with to 70 hp engine and five-speed gearbox. But the important thing is that machine had not only excellent (maximum speed 205 km / h, a hundred on the for 5 seconds), but the rapid appearance in cafe-racer.

As it turned out, not all of the Carabinieri are ready to purchase and expensive two-cylinder car Moto Mainly for the needs of their in 1969, conducted a full of its В«FalconeВ». В«Nuove FalconeВ» was to 25.4 hp verhneklalanny engine the same dimensions 88×82 mm, and the in 1921), five-speed gearbox, pendulum suspension with shock absorbers and modernized

However, the nuances of the fashion were of little interest, and the public reacted to the new incarnation of the at low pressure.

In the early 70’s the of the company became an industrialist de Tomaso, which already to another famous Italian company — В«BenelliВ». The fruit of this integration was the in 1973-74 a whole range of Benelli — to 50-cubic two-… models to 350-cubic four-… — under the Moto Guzzi.

However, were a means for the development of with V-shaped two, have already become a of the company. In 1972, to replace the В«SpecialВ» and В«CalifornianВ» cars with upgraded power — 844 cm3, 64.5 hp, manual transmission. Since on heavy motorcycles came hydraulic disc brakes.

a small sensation in autumn Tourism machine В«V1000 with an automatic transmission type, 949-cc engine 71 hp, large windshield and roof wardrobe trunks. But a year Moto Guzzi introduced a far convincing trump card the road-racing bike В«V850 Le with a 844-cc engine 81 hp, alloy wheels and gorgeous designed by renowned studio DesignВ». At the same time on a company started the implementation of the brake system (the from the brake pedal is on one of the front discs), typical for Moto Guzzi.

Bet on the sale of middle class В«BenelliВ» the brand Moto Guzzi did not pay and De Tomaso decided to develop class of machines in the tradition of the — with a two-cylinder and driveline to the rear wheel. models — В«V35В» cm3, 33.5 hp) and В«V50В» cm3, 45 hp) — are brought to the in 1976. Demand for new products was so that they had to take the assembly plant В«InnocentiВ» in

In addition to the classic versions, in began producing sports В«V35 ImolaВ» and В«V50 and also performed at the American-style CustomВ» and В«V50 ChopperВ». At the time, and large model sports Le MansВ», tourist Americanized California — to 949-cc engine.

The gap between and large models was completed in with the advent of В«V65В» cm3, 52 hp), and a year there was a more powerful (744 cm3, 65 hp). unexpected was the debut in 1983 Guzzi motorcycles in off-road В«V35TTВ» (346 cm3, 31 hp) and (649 cm3, 48 hp).

Of course, these imposing in and weight of the machine is difficult to these conquerors of off-road, the company has actively exhibited versions for the prestigious rally-raids. time, they become enduro Journey the culmination of process was the model 1991 (948 cm3, 70 hp) — At the of his debut, the most powerful and (210 kg) off-road motorcycle

Moto Guzzi engines been used successfully in series such as В«Buttle of In the late 80’s, the company one of the best specialist in the creation of category of motorcycle racing, В«Dr. John В»Wittner, to a new sports bike.

He created the was presented in autumn 1989, and two later was shown and the production of the В«Daytona 1000 ieВ». 992-cc engine was four-valve cylinders, high-lying camshafts and injection system, due to this power was able to raise up to 95 hp at rev / min. Wittner re-designed and — the powerful sill, the design of the rear suspension minimizes reaction propeller

Pretty expensive to manufacture В«DaytonaВ» has inspired the 1993 1100 SportВ» with dvuhklapannymi heads and central By increasing the displacement to 1064 cm3 to retain power parameters at 90 hp In this engine is installed the injection system, and a year — derated to 74 hp version of the has received and California. The company produces three model made in the American style 750 (744 cm3, 48 hp) and a family of as well as road racing В«VII SportВ» in several

In summer 2000, Moto has acquired Italian company and in 2004, together with the became part of the corporation Since the mid 60’s of the last was the hallmark of two-cylinder V-engine a crankshaft disposed longitudinally and protruding cylinders. The motor is conservative: they kept engines and parts are still dvuhklapannye cylinder head locking rod operated valves.

heads with overhead went into a series 2008.

Moto Guzzi V35 Imola

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