Industriewerke Ludwigsfelde — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

12 Фев 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Industriewerke Ludwigsfelde — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia отключены
MZ RT 125/1
MZ RT 125/1

Aero engines for the Luftwaffe [ ]

Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine, partly to show internal working.

established the Ludwigsfelde factory in to make DB 600 aero engines for new … and fighter aircraft. [ 1 ] In the of German re-armament and the Second War the factory went on to make DB 601. DB 603 and DB 605 engines for various aircraft.

Post-war recovery [ ]

Pirna 014 jet engine at the Spring Trade Fair in March

Brandenburg was part of the Sowjetische (SBZ or Soviet occupation ) from 1945 and the Deutsche Republik (DDR or German Republic ) from 1949. The Betrieb Industriewerke Ludwigsfelde was on 1 March 1952. [ 3 ] Initially it marine diesel engines. [ 3 ] tools [ 1 ] and machine elements. of Multicar M21 Diesel-Ameise (diesel vehicles was transferred to Ludwigsfelde the Schmiedewerk Roßwein (Roßwein Works) in Saxony. [ 3 ] In 1953 IWL involved in the development of motor which entered production in [ 3 ]

In 1958 IWL began production of forging. precision-casting, jet engines, machinery and one-off special [ 3 ] The jets were 32.3kN f ) Pirna 014 engines for the Dresden 152 [ 3 ] whose first prototype its first test flight in 1958. In 1960 VEB Flugzeuge was building 20 aircraft to enter with Deutsche Lufthansa der DDR in 1963 became Interflug ), for IWL had begun series production of the 014.

However, the first 152 crashed in March 1959 its crew, and the second prototype was after a fuel tank caused a dangerous reduction in supply to the engines. During testing in September 1960 the prototype also suffered a tank fault, and its ground were ended in December. In 1961 the SED Politbüro decided to aircraft production, [ 3 ] which Pirna 014 production to an end at IWL.

One was tested on an Ilyushin Il-28 until June 1961 but did not lead to the Pirna 014’s use or production. In about mid-1961 all 152 aircraft were scrapped.

of the 152 left IWL with 30 completed jet [ 3 ] and a gap in planned industrial production. The were later used to minesweepers for the Volksmarine . [ 3 ]

IWL motor scooters [ edit ]

A sequence of IWL motor scooter in historical order. From to right: Pitty . SR 56 Wiesel . SR 59 and TR 150 Troll 1.

After the Second War, various manufacturers — and aircraft and aircraft components — diversified into other including motor scooters. In Piaggio launched the Vespa in closely followed by Innocenti launch of the Lambretta in 1947. The new found a market among who could not obtain or could not a car but wanted a machine that was simpler and gave more protection than a motorcycle.

Piaggio and Innocenti fitted designed engines mounted on one of the rear wheel, which the wheelbase short and maximised maneuverability. A bulbous rear kept the engine enclosed, made a scooter cleaner most motorcycles of the period. The use of industry techniques, combined more stylish appearance Italian scooters commercially and Innocenti and Piaggio both large numbers of their and licenced manufacturers in the Bundesrepublik (BRD or West Germany ) and countries to make them.

Numerous European manufacturers who not licenced to build Italian-designed developed their own models in an to compete. In 1951 the automotive Hans Glas in Bavaria his own design of scooter, the Goggo . with a 123 cc engine but from with more powerful 147 cc and 198 cc In 1953 the West German maker Heinkel launched the . initially with a 149 cc engine but 1954 enlarged to 174 cc.

However, German designers tended to use motorcycle-type engines which not small or light enough to fit the rear wheel. They therefore mounted in front of the wheel, which significantly the scooters’ wheelbase.

MZ RT 125/1
MZ RT 125/1

East engineers responded to the growing and competition by developing a number of scooters between 1950 and [ 1 ] August Falz of Döbeln in had built a primitive motor in 1950, and by 1954 had developed a with streamlined bodywork and by a 174 cc ČZ engine imported from the [ 1 ]

However, the DDR decided that its would be made only indigenous DDR components, so the MZ RT 125/1 was selected. [ 4 ] The engine displaced 123 cc, 5.5bhp and had a three-speed transmission. It was and less powerful than 174 cc ČZ and also than engines were being fitted in German scooters by 1954 produced abetween 9 and 12bhp. [ 4 ] put the DDR’s scooter at a competitive before it even entered The MZ factory at Zschopau would engine production to supply the scooter demand.

The DDR’s established EMW. MZ and motorcycle factories were fully occupied making own products, [ 1 ] so if the country was to make its own it would have to be in a different The DDR’s planned economy be criticised for choosing the IWL factory as of MZ engines would have to be at least 110 miles (180km) Zschopau to Ludwigsfelde. However, was in the centre of the DDR and is on the outskirts of Berlin.

The radial rail and road could distribute the finished efficiently, and East Berlin be expected to be one of the largest urban for them. If there was a mistake, it was to on expanding engine production at when IWL had nearly 20 years’ of making engines at Ludwigsfelde.

The prototype scooter really further development before put into production. [ 4 ] However, in the of the June 1953 uprising the DDR was in a hurry to implement its Neue (New Course) policy to the supply of consumer goods. [ 4 ] put the VEB Industriewerke Ludwigsfelde under pressure to begin scooter by 1955. [ 4 ]

Pitty [ edit ]

IWL Pitty

IWL’s first model, named the Pitty . was early in 1955 at a retail of 2,300 Marks. [ 5 ] The Pitty s front wheel had leading suspension, [ 5 ] while its rear had hydraulically damped swingarm on which the engine and gearbox was mounted: [ 5 ] an arrangement that had pioneered. [ 4 ] However, IWL followed German practice in mounting the in front of the rear wheel of beside it, thus giving the a much longer wheelbase its Italian counterparts.

At the beginning of reporters from the East Der deutsche Straßenverkehr magazine the Pitty and gave IWL numerous to improve it. [ 6 ] Numerous customers who the scooter also complained. [ 6 ] The has a dualseat that riders was too hard. [ 7 ] Unlike most the Pitty has no steering lock for Its only anti-theft device is a in the enclosure under the seat can be closed over the fuel tap and [ 7 ] IWL reacted to criticism by quickly a successor model, and kept the in production for only just a year. [ 6 ] In this time a of only 11,293 Pitty were built. [ 5 ]

MZ RT 125/1
MZ RT 125/1
MZ RT 125/1
MZ RT 125/1
MZ RT 125/1
MZ RT 125/1

Interesting articles

Tagged as:

Other articles of the category "MZ":

Our partners
Follow us
Contact us
Our contacts

Born in the USSR


About this site

For all questions about advertising, please contact listed on the site.

Motorcycles catalog with specifications, pictures, ratings, reviews and discusssions about Motorcycles.