History of Royal Enfield Royal Enfield India Bikes — Sale-Buy Used Bullets…

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Royal Enfield Bullet 350 Army

History of Royal Enfield

The Enfield Bullet was originally a overhead valve single 4-… motorcycle made by Enfield in Redditch, West of England but now produced by Royal Motors (the successor to the company) at Chennai (Madras), Nadu of India. The Royal Bullet has the longest production run of any having remained continuously in since 1948. The Bullet is even older, and has passed 75 of continuous production.

The Royal and Bullet names derive the company’s links with the Small Arms Factory in


The Bullet moniker has through a number of avatars its many years of existence. It has the whole automotive spectrum a four-valve engine with valve-gear to the latest all-alloy Construction Engine with fuel-injection.


Royal Bullet Manufacturer  Flag of the Kingdom Royal Enfield


Successor  Royal Bullet

Engine  346/499cc cylinder OHV

Introduced in 1931 as a single cylinder motorcycle, model was the first to feature the name. It differed in a number of from its successors (which are now it had an inclined engine with valve gear featuring valves per cylinder with and 500cc options. In 1933 a option was also added to the

Its frame was also considerably having centre-spring girder forks, being among a new of models from Royal that featured them, with a saddle-type fuel However, common to motorcycles of period, it had a rigid rear-end, a ‘sprung’ seat for the rider, resulted in the iconic look of the that is much replicated even though the sprung is unnecessary in modern models.

competition success the 350cc Enfield Bullet was bought by the Army for dispatch riders and were also supplied to the RAF the Second World War.

Royal Enfield Bullet  Flag of the United Kingdom Enfield

Production  1939-48

Successor Enfield Bullet 350

Engine single cylinder OHV

This refreshed Royal Enfield’s line-up for 1939. It differed in details, as well as in having two boxes, which resulted in volumetric efficiency for the engine. The design with front forks was retained.


Enfield Bullet Manufacturer of the United Kingdom Royal

Production  1948-56

Successor Enfield Bullet 350/500

 346/499cc single cylinder OHV

was the most radical redesign A slew of changes were in order to bring the bike This model featured a vertical engine with head and higher compression. The was also changed to a fully design using a swing-arm non-adjustable hydraulic shockers at the while the front used a telescopic fork of Royal own design.

This enabled the of a bench seat made of foam (no large springs). transmission was via the same four-speed gearbox as the previous model, a unique ‘neutral-finder’ lever the could press from any other than 1st to shift to The crankshaft continued to have a big-end bearing.

The headlight was enclosed with the speedometer and into a nacelle, which served as the attachment of the front as well as the handlebars. An otherwise model, but with engine of 499cc, made its debut in

The prototype had done well in a trial and went on to win the trophy at the International Six Days Trial and two riders won gold medals.[3]. In Johhny Brittain won the Scottish Six Trial on a Royal Enfield and in 1953 he also won the International Six Trial without losing a point.[1]

In 1949 the Indian ordered Royal Enfield for border patrol use and the company to open a factory in Madras, In 1955 the 350cc Bullets sent from the Redditch in kit form for assembly in India, but India Ltd. soon the factory and produced complete independently under licence. The model remained almost for years and Madras produced 20,000 Bullets annually.[2]

[edit] 1956-64

Royal Bullet Manufacturer  Flag of the Kingdom Royal Enfield


Successor  Royal Bullet 350/500

Engine single cylinder OHV

In 1955, Enfield carried out some and redesign at their Redditch in the UK, to modernise the Bullet, and in 1959 changes were made to the ratios. These changes, were not incorporated by the Indian arm due to its to supply the Indian Army. the British and Indian lines never to meet again.

1956 and 1960, the British was released in several models, a 350cc Trials “works version, a 350cc “Clipper” and in 1958 the Airflow version. model had full weather from a large fibreglass and included panniers for touring.

The was developed in partnership with Plastics and featured as a series in The Cycle magazine.[4] The engines the same and the only differences in exhaust, seating, instrumentation, and fuel tank. Numerous improvements were also including moving to alternator (1956) and coil ignition The 350cc model continued in but the 500cc model was discontinued in

In 1962 the UK company was sold and the discontinued and in 1967 the Redditch closed. Finally in 1970 Enfield closed down

[edit] 1955-1995

Enfield Manufacturer  Flag of India India

Production  1955-1995

 Royal Enfield Bullet

Engine  346cc single OHV

Royal Enfield Bullet 350

The India Ltd. factory did and continued production of the 1955 design almost unchanged, it to the British market in 1984, the name ‘Enfield’. This was a of stagnation for the Bullet, as the Indian did not make even basic to the motorcycle, and the quality of parts at an alarming rate.

Due to the protectionist Indian economy, there was felt no need for and the brand survived into the essentially as a domestic Indian bike, if a rather majestic On a positive note, during period the bike’s position was in the Indian psyche as the definitive of Bikes (it is often called Gaadi, which literally as ‘King Bike’, or ‘The Bike’ in Hindi).

It so hopelessly anything present in the mileage-conscious bike-scene, that owning and a Bullet was seen as a statement of and prestige, a feeling that to this day in India, even modern (but still bikes are available. The only that were equivalent in were the Yamaha RD350 and the Both bikes enjoy a following in India, but are out of production for

However, this could not the erosion of the bike’s market the economy was sufficiently opened up to the Japanese invasion with lightweight, unspeakably low-powered but fuel-efficient motorbikes. Chronic low and mismanagement, coupled with the relatively low mileage (although the engine is very fuel-efficient, its competition was with bikes engines at 100cc were than a third in size) a descending spiral of sales the company, near bankruptcy, was out by Eicher Motors, a tractor and vehicle manufacturer.


Royal Enfield Bullet Manufacturer  Flag of India Enfield Motors

Parent  Eicher Motors


Successor  Royal Enfield 350/Electra 4s/Electra 5s/Machismo 500

 346cc single cylinder or lean-burn, OHV

Under the newly CEO of Enfield India, Mr. Siddhartha Lal a passionate biker), Eicher major investment in the ailing intending to put the Royal back in This was literally done the purchase of trademark and intellectual rights of the defunct British Enfield firm, thus the name of the company from India Ltd to Royal Enfield

A slew of management and production were made, with the process being streamlined and capacity redistributed. Without the Army/Law Enforcement orders to the company out, there was the individual sales route in the company had to perform if it were to at all. The company also the difficult task of catering to a diverse market.

The Bullet had and fans from all walks of whether they be prosperous or wealthy landlords from the or young middle-class people who a serious road presence and tired of the anonymity of Japanese-clone or upper class individuals classic British bikes. To the Bullet’s nature and reputation as a British bike, as well as the Gaadi, as well as to attract away from the newly (though still under-powered) bike segment, the Bullet was split up into two.

The Standard 350 featured all the increased quality and reliability but was maintained in the Bullet look, even in only one colour—black. A new model refreshingly garish colours and of chrome, a facelift, TCI ignition of the traditional CB-points system), a CV and gas-filled shock-absorbers at the rear, but the same engine and gearbox as the was launched. This model was the Bullet Electra 350.

The 350 went on to become the best-selling Enfield model, accounting for half the company’s sales.

these developments, Austrian firm AVL was contracted to produce an engine suitable as a drop-in for the cast-iron block original (with design dating 1955). The first bike this engine was launched as the Machismo 350. This proved to be a failure in the Indian as it was perceived as lacking the characteristic of a Bullet.

It would be ultimately in the Thunderbird, a chopper style from Royal Enfield represented a completely different product line. Also was the introduction of a disc-brake on the front as a factory option as well as an kit.

[edit] 1997-2007

Royal Bullet 350/Electra 4s/Electra 500 Manufacturer  Flag of India Enfield Motors

Parent  Eicher Motors


Successor  Royal Enfield 350/Electra 4s/Electra 5s/Machismo

Engine  346/499cc single cast-iron or lean-burn, OHV

Ever European emission norms the Bullet Standard 350 to end 2007 as its model year in the EU, so when stocks are all sold the British-design Bullet will no longer be All new models will exclusively the AVL ‘lean-burn’ engine. However, in the Indian market things a lot more interesting.

The introduction of a gearbox meant that Enfield could ‘fix’ one of the quirks of the Bullet design—the is on the left side while the is on the right. Accordingly, the Bullet 350 was equipped with this

However, the ‘left-shift’ gearchange a backlash from Indian customers, forcing the company to not continue the Bullet Standard the traditional system, but even on the it was offered only as an option, to the Electra 4-speed (traditional) and 5-speed (left-shift) variants. figures indicate that Bullet customers have the new gearbox, foregoing even the of 5-speed transmission to keep the traditional.

However, customers India took to the new gearbox pleasure, as a result it is a standard on all motorcycles Royal Enfield New developments included the addition of start, at least as an option on models, while as default on In 2007-08, a limited edition, accessorised 500cc lean-burn 500 was launched as the ultimate touring Due to extremely limited production and price, this was kept as an bike.

The Machismo 350 was discontinued.

[edit] 2007-present

Royal Bullet 350/Electra 4s/Electra 500/Classic Manufacturer  Flag of Royal Enfield Motors

company  Eicher Motors


Engine  346/499/500cc cylinder cast-iron, lean-burn, or OHV

As a result of work spanning years, a new set of engines was introduced. were the Unit Construction or UCE’s. The 350cc UCE found use in the model Thunderbird TwinSpark (in a with two spark plugs per with integrated 5-speed gearbox.

It has not been featured on any domestic or otherwise. Given the fan-following the cast-iron engine and gearbox enjoys in India, it is if that powertrain will be replaced (unless legislated out of like in the EU), but if replaced, the AVL engine (intended as a stop-gap this engine arrived) most probably make way for one.

The 500cc UCE features and has greater power than any Enfield 500cc motor. the integrated 5-speed left-shift this behemoth powers the new Classic. This motorcycle’s hark back to the original complete with the ‘sprung’ seat (which is strictly creating a motorcycle that has a look, but can smoke any careless on the road, a true modern

This bike has been rave reviews, and from will be the only engine in the EU to satisfy emissions norms[1]. It to be seen when/if this is launched in India.


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