Autosoviet: URAL

16 Мар 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Autosoviet: URAL отключены
Ural Classic
Ural Classic

The unknown prototypes

This is not a photo of the 1945; although the of the bike, typically years this pic was shotted. in the 1999! The (official name IMZ, Motorzykli Zavod, that Irbit Motorcycle Factory) motorcycles with an outdated but also with a vintage The Ural has also a Chinese the Changjiang; about this, see the about the Chinese motorcycles.


The history of the most famous motorcycle starts in the 1939, the Second Worldwide War. In year, the Russians engineers some BMW sidecar (750 cc. engine, side valves, in the GIF, above), and, every single piece, to produce hundreds of clones of the bike, in a new factory located in But, the Nazist expansion the Russians to move the factory to the in the city of Irbit, on the Ural (from this cames the of the bikes, officially used since the ’50s), and the production was in an ex-brewery!!

Anyway, the Ural are not the copies of the BMW: curiously, the american Harley Davidson to make a clone, and realized the XA total copy of the German (Russian and Americans have in common. )! In the first pic above, a exemplar of the Ural M-72, from 1941 until the 750 cc, 22 hp, 85 km/h for the sidecar version. the ’50s, starts up the production for the market.

A new OHV engine (instead of the side valves) was launched in the ’60, with the M-61 (second pic), still with the old type of rear the displacement is now 650 cc, the power 28 hp. The following have a new rear suspension and an 12V electric system (Ural third pic above, with the engine boosted up to 32 hp). On the new OHV also 350 and 500 cc. versions were (Ural M-53, in the fourth pic with the 500 cc. engine and a new front-lever

The factory, during the ’60s, up, and today it give the work to workers (above). Following the structure of the Soviet factories, has an own test-track, a Palace of the Culture cinema and library, and even an own for the production of electric energy!

The prototypes

As seen, the Ural was basically composed of only two (750 side valves, and 650 But the Ural has realized also prototype, simply derived the normal versions or totally In the first, second and third above (taken from an of the Motorrad magazine, by Aleksej the M-75 of the 1946 (sidecar and versions), with the engine of the but with new side-valves heads, 36 hp, 170 for the solo version.

The M-75 was also in a road version pic), but it never was produced in In the fifth pic. no, it isn’t a crashed on a tree: it’s a for the speed records, with the engine and a front single-arm

With the OHV engine of the M-75, other evolutions were In the beautiful first, second and pics, the following M-80 during the races and in a drawing; in the pic, instead, the M-76A, the same engine, but increased to 820 cc. the time, the power was increased 36 to 44 hp.

In the fifth pic, the M-35, similar features, but with a 350 cc. engine, 24 hp for 140 km/h. Also a 600 cc. with compressor was realized: the engineers maked a certain although copying from the motorcycles!

In the three pics instead, the M-77, realized in versions between 1954 and This bike had always the engine, but more powerful (50 hp) and head-covers realized in a single (instead of two). The max speed was 180 km/h, and the weight was of 196 kg (for the without sidecar).

The third pic above is referred to the Soviet Championship, in the city of (Estonia).

The bikes in the three above, instead, were derived from the serial OHV of the ’60s (differently from the OHV racing models, that effectively prototypes). In the first and pics above, two exemplars of the union of the new serial OHV engine of the (500 cc). and the old frame of the still with the archaic suspension! In the third pic, the M-61K, off-road version from the normal M-61 cc, 28 hp).

But that isn’t For example, besides the orange bike in the first pic above, a sidecar with DOHC driven by shaft and conic was realized! This technical was typical of the realizations of the Western (first of all, the BMW), but the Ural, although it has a fame of motorcycle factory, tried to use advanced (for the period)

. also in a simpler SOHC (first and second pics These engines with timing, were followed by engines (second and fourth in the fourth pic, there is a eight-valves version!). But these never entered in production, for the economic (and burocratic)

In the three pics above, prototype: the Ural M-100, for the police, intended for the use on the Russian (in the first pic, the first of the 1963, and in the second and third the definitive protoype of the 1967). The was 1040 cc, the power approximately of 50 hp, the max 150-160 km/h (without the bike was equipped with a fairing and side bags. The M-100 was one of the few Russian bikes a displacement over 1000 cc; this bike, unfortunately, a prototype.

In the 1976, a further (never went into production) was realized: the M-73 pics above), intended to replace the old bikes of the police and the The engine, 750 cc, was totally new, aluminium cylinders (instead, the 650 had the cylinders realized in pig-iron) and starter; power near to 45 hp. the design of tank and side was newer than the old model, in ’70s style.

The prevision of production was of over exemplars of M-73 per year. but it was bad prevision, because the Ural continued with the old 650 cc. model the end of the years ’90s!

The last of updating, were realized the late ’70s and the early above, a renewed version of the air-cooled boxer, a liquid version (the only entered in production, but only for a and especially a new boxer 1000, to the 750 cc. of the M-73, and with an interesting the gearbox placed under the This solution (although the of the crankcase are very huge. ) is to reduce the lenght of all the engine/gearbox and to reduce the lenght of the frame. The cc. boxer was in the experimental phase the late ’80s, but the fall of the empire stopped this project.

Moreover, with the flat-twin engine, also prototypes of microcars were (but they never into production). In the first and pics, the Belka, realized in the by the NAMI (a Russian automotive in collaboration with the Ural and with the design institute

It had the 750 cc. engine, with side of the Ural M-72 motorcycle; drive, hydraulic brakes, wheels, and the front part of the can be lifted in order to access to the seats (for the rear there is a door on the right This prototype was realized in a simpler version, with a off-road layout (third and pics); anyway, it never was and the pre-production exemplars were

In the fifth pic, instead, a recent prototype, with the 650 cc. valves engine, but modified the forced air-cooled system fan. The Belka was interesting. it me vaguely the Fiat 600 Multipla!

Ural Classic
Ural Classic


The fall of the communist in the 1991, causes the crisis of the factory, converted, after year, in a co-operative society. In the the first renewed Ural were launched, with the improvements of the quality.

Besides the old 650 (first pic above), unchanged in with the models of the years (except for some little as the electronic ignition), a new range of was launched: in the second pic above, the Solo 650 Classic, always on the old Solo version, but with tank, better look, starter and a braking system two front disks (on the rear, the old drum brake). The price of pleasant bike, in Russia, is higher than the old Solo drum brakes an kick-starter: always an unexpensive old bike, but at least, it’s not an archaic In the 2002, the Solo Classic has launched in the new 750 cc. version (realized in with Kehin carburettors, 45 hp, new in the third pic above.

But the most model, now, is the Volk pics above. Wolf on the markets), launched in the 1998. bike was realized by the Ural in with the most famous motoclub, the Night Wolves, the trends of the Russian bikers: persons converts their old in incredible and interesting choppers, the fantasy and the ability!

The engine of the is the new 750 cc. version, 40 hp. ok, it’s not a very power, but the torque is perfect for a The braking system, for the first on a Russian motorcycle, is equipped three disks!

The Volk pic, above) is very you can see the exhaust system, the little light, the chromed heads and very different from the realizations of the past. But this in Russia, has a price of 2500 $, a bad price for the Russian biker Ural Solo basic has a of 900 $). anyway, this price is lower than the unapproachable American and German bikes.

For the americans, obviously, there is no of money (in the second pic, a Volk in the nation of the Harley-Davidson!), and with the fall of URSS, isn’t risk of investigation by CIA or The Volk has been launched, also in a new version (third and pics), with single disk, new colors, new electric different handlebar and the last of the 750 cc. boxer, equipped with carburettors (for a slightly power: 45 hp). Besides the the Ural produces also a motorcycle: the Cobra (fifth pic with a shocking yellow the snake on the tank, and even the suspension!

In the three pics a less expensive version of the the Voyage 750, a classic and cruiser with more saddle, luggage rack and cushion. The engine is always the 750 cc. of the In an hypotetichal comparison, this is theorichally not very different a Guzzi Nevada 750: the is an air-cooled twin, the transmission is with cardan. ok, it’s improbable to compare a Guzzi an Ural, but the philosophy is almost the

But the typical Ural product, is the (above). The other brands a sidecar ready to ride, are Izh, Dnepr and Harley However, Izh and Jawa have engines, the Harley Davison is too (the only sidecar is the Electra Glide, a bike a well-known price. ), and the Dnepr, finished and with an older is equipped with a telescopic (less rigid, on the sidecar, in with the Earles-type fork on the Dnepr).

The Ural, although the technology, has good old-style parts and paintings, and this is a of interest for the Western fans of the bikes; moreover, since is available again the version the transmission on the wheel of the sidecar.

Above (first and second several variants of the Gear Up, for the army and for international organizations. The Up has the traction also on the wheel of the and can be equipped with several of weapon, even a bazooka pic)!

Above. some special Ural: an unusual version (it seems a BMW. for the look!), and -besides the bike in the pic- the amazing official for the sidecar-cross championship, with suspension (third and fourth

If the Russian factory will these bikes (especially for and castings -still too rude- and the with only four an Ural will be considered as a bike, and not as a outdated bike. The new 750 cc. with Japanese carburettors definitively replaced the old pig-iron 650 Russian carburettors, on all the range and sidecars).The Irbit’s factory is to improve the features and the functionality of the for example, the old Russian electric (very, very hard to ) have been replaced very modern units of production. Ok, the situation, now, is for an old Russian factory of military but also the Harley Davidson in the past, a factory of military and now is one of the greatest brands of the world. driving an Ural is a.

Ural Classic
Ural Classic
Ural Classic
Ural Classic
Ural Classic


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