T-72 «Ural» Main Battle Tank

5 Мар 2015 | Author: | Комментарии к записи T-72 «Ural» Main Battle Tank отключены

T — 72 Ural

The T-72 is the massive tank, produced at the quarter of the XX age. Overall by Union, Czechoslovakian, Poland, Yugoslavian and Romanian plants were built more 30 000 of these main battle At the beginning of 1996 Russian maintained approximately 9 000 such battle tanks of all modifications.

In Ordnance Magazines opinion in the T-72 with a numerous was among the 10 best main tanks of the world.

In 1968 the Main Battle Tank service with the Soviet For that moment it was the most main battle tank in the considering main characteristics, as fire power, armored and mobility. Even before adoption there was made a to produce it serially at Leningrad Petersburg) city Kirovsk and in Nizhniy Tagil city plant.

However these plants had strong tank bureaus, that leaders unformed very well advantages and disadvantages both of the Main Battle Tank.

at the early beginning of 60-ties, the head tank designer of the plant, ordered to a group of development of an experimental tank. It was the Medium Tank, completed 115-mm main gun, and even with 125-mm featuring automatic reloading Furthermore this experimental reloading mechanism should no disadvantages, that were with the T-64.

This had extract used case the tank, driving compartment be separated from the combat and tank had to be fully electric fire-safe).

On the 5-th of November 1967 in Tagil arrived S.Zverev Minister of Defense Industry of the Union. He was shown built in order T-62 Tank, with an automatic 125-mm gun. Minister evaluated advantages and offered to Karaev to it on the T-64 Main Battle

The head designer agreed, but an exception, that experimental will be powered with engine, instead of unreliable There was built an Object 172 example, which after and improvements entered service the Soviet Army in 1973 as Ural.

The T-72 mainly the T-64 arrangement and it’s looks quiet similar. compartment is positioned at the front of the hull, combat compartment is behind it. Engine-transmission is arranged

Hull is welded from thickness and armored plates. The armor is inclined in 63° in elevation. armor is multi-layered combined some layers of armor filled with ceramic and type materials. Such provided quiet high from the most widespread in 105-mm armor-piercing projectiles.

It is that frontal hulls is equivalent to 500-600 mm thick steel plate.

Steel board plates protect infantry fighting vehicles and small-bore guns, and also mine and projectiles splinters. In a of later modifications of the T-72, were covered with screens.

Turret is casted and quiet low dimensions. It’s armor is approximately 280 mm thick and is multi-layered as well as the hull, high projectile resistance.

Tank’s crew consists 3 members: commander, gunner and Automatic loading mechanism loader. Driver’s working is in driving compartment.

During the he is sitting, notwithstanding on quiet frontal armor inclination His seat is mounted in a specially floor. Commander’s and gunner’s is in the turret mounted combat Commanders seat is right the main gun, while the sits left from it.

On the of the combat compartment there is an automatic loading mechanism.

is completed with the D-81TM 125-mm Smoothbore Gun of high Main gun’s length is 6 350 mm. inclination level in elevation is -5є30′ and +14є. Ammunition is similar to the T-64A. It is separately and contains armor-piercing undercaliber, cumulative and high-explosion fragmentation

All projectiles use the same load burning case.

Main gun is automatically. Loading mechanism’s differs from the one, with the T-64A. The T-72 is with electro-mechanic type It is placed in the bottom of the combat and allows to get from it to the driving

Ammunition load consists 39 rounds and 22 of them are placed in carousel type combat Furthermore projectiles are places the loads. This method to decrease combat load’s Gun is inclined in standard inclination before loading projectile.

Automatic loading mechanism to reach rate of fire in 8 per minute. However gun can be reloaded Rate of fire then is 1-2 per minute.

T he main gun is operated by the monocular stereoscopic sight-rangefinder. sight is used in 1 000 — 4 000 range and it’s average is 3 — 5 % of the range. Ballistic is combined with this and it considerate such data as type, air temperature, relative and side wind influence, ballistic trajectory and aiming

At night th ere is used the TPN-1-49-23 sight, which is intended for up to 800 meter range. It from positions and trenches in 9 400 meter T he T-72 Ural has a straight of fire with an undercaliber projectile in 2 100 meters.

Maximum of fire with this and projectiles is 4 000 meters, and 5 000 meters high-explosion fragmentation projectile.

is fitted with the 2E28M stabilization system allows fire while the tank is

All crew members use any and night devices. Night vision are active and infrared flashlights are at the front part of the turret, side from the main and the other one is in front of commander’s

Additional armament consists the PKT Coaxial 7.62-mm Machine Gun and Utios 12.7-mm Anti-Aircraft Gun, mounted on the commander’s The NSVT mount is opened. It is with K10-T Colimator and provides range of fire ground targets in 2 000 meters and up to 1 500 firing into air targets.

Comparing with the PZU-5 with the T-64 Main Tank, it features greater angles and is more comfortable into air targets. The NSVT design was so successful, that it it was on the last versions of the T-64 and on the Main Battle Tanks. experience of the WWII shows tank commander, firing the opened mount can be injured or

The T-72 Ural is powered the V-46 12-cylinder multi-fuel engine. It is a further development of the engine, turbocharged up to 780 hp. Tank two 7-gear planetary gearboxes, vehicle is turned by reducing of the required side.

Chassis is with 6 double rubbered less influencing on fluent Wheel discs were from a high-rigidity aluminum Suspension is individual, torsion.

second and sixth wheels the each side are completed hydraulic absorbers. Wheels step is 285 millimeters.

There are three supporting rolls internal absorption, from the side of the hull. Driving is placed rear. Track is with a rubber-metallic hinges.

Ural T
Ural T

design is similar to improved on the T-55 and T-62 Main Tanks.

Moving on road the T-72 a maximum speed in 60 km/h. cross-country performances was very for that period main tanks and is still very today. It manages 30є slopes, meter height vertical 2.8 meter wide trench.

battle tank fords 1.2 depth water obstacles preparation, and up to 5 meter depth preparation. Underwater driving allows to drive under in 1 kilometer range.

The T-72 is completed with perfect from the mass destruction High protection effect is with automatic pressurization of compartments and creating there pressure with filtered At the same moment system on light and sound alarm if or chemical contamination is overboard.

prevention equipment also automatically. Fire inside the is extinguished by spraying special near the burning area. battle tank is completed three 2-liter capacity shooting system and nine sensors.

Tank is also with entrenching equipment, on the lower part of the frontal Such device in working helps to dig 10 — 12 meter and 4.5 meter wide trenches by in 12 — 40 minutes depending the ground type. It’s time is 1 — 2 minutes and in — 3 — 5 minutes. folded entrenchment blade additional protection. The T-72 is completed with thermo equipment.

Crew use R-123M and internal communication devices. battle tank is also with the GPK-59 navigation

The T-72 Ural Main Tank became a base for the improved main battle

— The T-72 Ural-1 improved armored protection and position of the night sight

— The T-72 Ural-K was a version with additional short band radio navigation equipment and AB-1 device;

— Export of the T-72 was produced since It featured other design layout on the front part of the It’s thickness is 400 — 410 and frontal hull’s armor is 205 thick. Furthermore this battle tank featured nuclear, biological, chemical system and ammunition complement;

The T-72A was the further development of the Ural.

On the T-72 Ural were also built armored vehicles:

— The Armored Recovery Vehicle;

The MTU-72 Bridge Layer, 18 meter length obstacle bridge;

— The IMR-2 Vehicle;

— The 2S19 152-mm Self-Propelled Howitzer.

Ural T
Ural T
Ural T
Ural T
Ural T
Ural T


Tagged as:

Other articles of the category "Ural":

Our partners
Follow us
Contact us
Our contacts


Born in the USSR


About this site

For all questions about advertising, please contact listed on the site.

Motorcycles catalog with specifications, pictures, ratings, reviews and discusssions about Motorcycles.